Kubernetes Audit provides a security-relevant chronological set of records documenting the sequence of activities that have affected system by individual users, administrators or other components of the system. It allows cluster administrator to answer the following questions: - what happened? - when did it happen? - who initiated it? - on what did it happen? - where was it observed? - from where was it initiated? - to where was it going?
NOTE: Currently, Kubernetes provides only basic audit capabilities, there is still a lot of work going on to provide fully featured auditing capabilities (see https://github.com/kubernetes/features/issues/22).
Kubernetes audit is part of kube-apiserver logging all requests coming to the server. Each audit log contains two entries:
Example output for user
admin asking for a list of pods:
2016-09-07T13:03:57.400333046Z AUDIT: id="5c3b8227-4af9-4322-8a71-542231c3887b" ip="127.0.0.1" method="GET" user="admin" as="<self>" namespace="default" uri="/api/v1/namespaces/default/pods" 2016-09-07T13:03:57.400710987Z AUDIT: id="5c3b8227-4af9-4322-8a71-542231c3887b" response="200"
NOTE: The audit capabilities are available only for the secured endpoint of the API server.
Kube-apiserver provides following options which are responsible for configuring where and how audit logs are handled:
audit-log-path- enables the audit log pointing to a file where the requests are being logged to.
audit-log-maxage- specifies maximum number of days to retain old audit log files based on the timestamp encoded in their filename.
audit-log-maxbackup- specifies maximum number of old audit log files to retain.
audit-log-maxsize- specifies maximum size in megabytes of the audit log file before it gets rotated. Defaults to 100MB
If an audit log file already exists, Kubernetes appends new audit logs to that file.
Otherwise, Kubernetes creates an audit log file at the location you specified in
audit-log-path. If the audit log file exceeds the size you specify in
Kubernetes will rename the current log file by appending the current timestamp on
the file name (before the file extension) and create a new audit log file.
Kubernetes may delete old log files when creating a new log file; you can configure
how many files are retained and how old they can be by specifying the