Thursday, August 10, 2017
Kompose Helps Developers Move Docker Compose Files to Kubernetes
Editor’s note: today’s post is by Charlie Drage, Software Engineer at Red Hat giving an update about the Kubernetes project Kompose.
I’m pleased to announce that Kompose, a conversion tool for developers to transition Docker Compose applications to Kubernetes, has graduated from the Kubernetes Incubator to become an official part of the project.
Since our first commit on June 27, 2016, Kompose has achieved 13 releases over 851 commits, gaining 21 contributors since the inception of the project. Our work started at Skippbox (now part of Bitnami) and grew through contributions from Google and Red Hat.
The Kubernetes Incubator allowed contributors to get to know each other across companies, as well as collaborate effectively under guidance from Kubernetes contributors and maintainers. Our incubation led to the development and release of a new and useful tool for the Kubernetes ecosystem.
We’ve created a reliable, scalable Kubernetes environment from an initial Docker Compose file. We worked hard to convert as many keys as possible to their Kubernetes equivalent. Running a single command gets you up and running on Kubernetes: kompose up.
We couldn’t have done it without feedback and contributions from the community!
If you haven’t yet tried Kompose on GitHub check it out!
The go-to example for Kubernetes is the famous guestbook, which we use as a base for conversion.
First, we’ll retrieve the file:
$ wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/kubernetes/kompose/master/examples/docker-compose.yaml
You can test it out by first deploying to Docker Compose:
$ docker-compose up -d Creating network "examples\_default" with the default driver Creating examples\_redis-slave\_1 Creating examples\_frontend\_1 Creating examples\_redis-master\_1
And when you’re ready to deploy to Kubernetes:
$ kompose up We are going to create Kubernetes Deployments, Services and PersistentVolumeClaims for your Dockerized application. If you need different kind of resources, use the kompose convert and kubectl create -f commands instead. INFO Successfully created Service: redis INFO Successfully created Service: web INFO Successfully created Deployment: redis INFO Successfully created Deployment: web Your application has been deployed to Kubernetes. You can run kubectl get deployment,svc,pods,pvc for details
Check out other examples of what Kompose can do.
Converting to alternative Kubernetes controllers
Kompose can also convert to specific Kubernetes controllers with the use of flags:
$ kompose convert --help Usage: kompose convert [file] [flags] Kubernetes Flags: --daemon-set Generate a Kubernetes daemonset object -d, --deployment Generate a Kubernetes deployment object -c, --chart Create a Helm chart for converted objects --replication-controller Generate a Kubernetes replication controller object …
For example, let’s convert our guestbook example to a DaemonSet:
$ kompose convert --daemon-set INFO Kubernetes file "frontend-service.yaml" created INFO Kubernetes file "redis-master-service.yaml" created INFO Kubernetes file "redis-slave-service.yaml" created INFO Kubernetes file "frontend-daemonset.yaml" created INFO Kubernetes file "redis-master-daemonset.yaml" created INFO Kubernetes file "redis-slave-daemonset.yaml" created
Key Kompose 1.0 features
With our graduation, comes the release of Kompose 1.0.0, here’s what’s new:
Docker Compose Version 3: Kompose now supports Docker Compose Version 3. New keys such as ‘deploy’ now convert to their Kubernetes equivalent.
Docker Push and Build Support: When you supply a ‘build’ key within your
docker-compose.yaml file, Kompose will automatically build and push the image to the respective Docker repository for Kubernetes to consume.
New Keys: With the addition of version 3 support, new keys such as pid and deploy are supported. For full details on what Kompose supports, view our conversion document.
Bug Fixes: In every release we fix any bugs related to edge-cases when converting. This release fixes issues relating to converting volumes with ‘./’ in the target name.
As we continue development, we will strive to convert as many Docker Compose keys as possible for all future and current Docker Compose releases, converting each one to their Kubernetes equivalent. All future releases will be backwards-compatible.
–Charlie Drage, Software Engineer, Red Hat
- Post questions (or answer questions) onStack Overflow - Join the community portal for advocates onK8sPort - Follow us on Twitter@Kubernetesio for latest updates - Connect with the community onSlack - Get involved with the Kubernetes project onGitHub