Guides

How to get started, and accomplish tasks, using Kubernetes.

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CentOS

Prerequisites

To configure Kubernetes with CentOS, you’ll need a machine to act as a master, and one or more CentOS 7 hosts to act as cluster nodes.

Starting a cluster

This is a getting started guide for CentOS. It is a manual configuration so you understand all the underlying packages / services / ports, etc…

The Kubernetes package provides a few services: kube-apiserver, kube-scheduler, kube-controller-manager, kubelet, kube-proxy. These services are managed by systemd and the configuration resides in a central location: /etc/kubernetes. We will break the services up between the hosts. The first host, centos-master, will be the Kubernetes master. This host will run the kube-apiserver, kube-controller-manager and kube-scheduler. In addition, the master will also run etcd. The remaining hosts, centos-minion-n will be the nodes and run kubelet, proxy, cadvisor and docker.

All of them run flanneld as networking overlay.

System Information:

Hosts:

Please replace host IP with your environment.

centos-master = 192.168.121.9
centos-minion-1 = 192.168.121.65
centos-minion-2 = 192.168.121.66
centos-minion-3 = 192.168.121.67

Prepare the hosts:

[virt7-docker-common-release]
name=virt7-docker-common-release
baseurl=http://cbs.centos.org/repos/virt7-docker-common-release/x86_64/os/
gpgcheck=0
yum -y install --enablerepo=virt7-docker-common-release kubernetes etcd flannel
echo "192.168.121.9    centos-master
192.168.121.65    centos-minion-1
192.168.121.66  centos-minion-2
192.168.121.67  centos-minion-3" >> /etc/hosts
# logging to stderr means we get it in the systemd journal
KUBE_LOGTOSTDERR="--logtostderr=true"

# journal message level, 0 is debug
KUBE_LOG_LEVEL="--v=0"

# Should this cluster be allowed to run privileged docker containers
KUBE_ALLOW_PRIV="--allow-privileged=false"

# How the replication controller and scheduler find the kube-apiserver
KUBE_MASTER="--master=http://centos-master:8080"
setenforce 0
systemctl disable iptables-services firewalld
systemctl stop iptables-services firewalld

Configure the Kubernetes services on the master.

# [member]
ETCD_NAME=default
ETCD_DATA_DIR="/var/lib/etcd/default.etcd"
ETCD_LISTEN_CLIENT_URLS="http://0.0.0.0:2379"

#[cluster]
ETCD_ADVERTISE_CLIENT_URLS="http://0.0.0.0:2379"
# The address on the local server to listen to.
KUBE_API_ADDRESS="--address=0.0.0.0"

# The port on the local server to listen on.
KUBE_API_PORT="--port=8080"

# Port kubelets listen on
KUBELET_PORT="--kubelet-port=10250"

# Comma separated list of nodes in the etcd cluster
KUBE_ETCD_SERVERS="--etcd-servers=http://centos-master:2379"

# Address range to use for services
KUBE_SERVICE_ADDRESSES="--service-cluster-ip-range=10.254.0.0/16"

# Add your own!
KUBE_API_ARGS=""
systemctl start etcd
etcdctl mkdir /kube-centos/network
etcdctl mk /kube-centos/network/config "{ \"Network\": \"172.30.0.0/16\", \"SubnetLen\": 24, \"Backend\": { \"Type\": \"vxlan\" } }"
# Flanneld configuration options

# etcd url location.  Point this to the server where etcd runs
FLANNEL_ETCD_ENDPOINTS="http://centos-master:2379"

# etcd config key.  This is the configuration key that flannel queries
# For address range assignment
FLANNEL_ETCD_PREFIX="/kube-centos/network"

# Any additional options that you want to pass
#FLANNEL_OPTIONS=""
for SERVICES in etcd kube-apiserver kube-controller-manager kube-scheduler flanneld; do
    systemctl restart $SERVICES
    systemctl enable $SERVICES
    systemctl status $SERVICES
done

Configure the Kubernetes services on the nodes.

We need to configure the kubelet and start the kubelet and proxy

# The address for the info server to serve on
KUBELET_ADDRESS="--address=0.0.0.0"

# The port for the info server to serve on
KUBELET_PORT="--port=10250"

# You may leave this blank to use the actual hostname
# Check the node number!
KUBELET_HOSTNAME="--hostname-override=centos-minion-n"

# Location of the api-server
KUBELET_API_SERVER="--api-servers=http://centos-master:8080"

# Add your own!
KUBELET_ARGS=""
# Flanneld configuration options

# etcd url location.  Point this to the server where etcd runs
FLANNEL_ETCD_ENDPOINTS="http://centos-master:2379"

# etcd config key.  This is the configuration key that flannel queries
# For address range assignment
FLANNEL_ETCD_PREFIX="/kube-centos/network"

# Any additional options that you want to pass
#FLANNEL_OPTIONS=""
for SERVICES in kube-proxy kubelet flanneld docker; do
    systemctl restart $SERVICES
    systemctl enable $SERVICES
    systemctl status $SERVICES
done
kubectl config set-cluster default-cluster --server=http://centos-master:8080
kubectl config set-context default-context --cluster=default-cluster --user=default-admin
kubectl config use-context default-context

You should be finished!

$ kubectl get nodes
NAME                   LABELS            STATUS
centos-minion-1        <none>            Ready
centos-minion-2        <none>            Ready
centos-minion-3        <none>            Ready

The cluster should be running! Launch a test pod.

You should have a functional cluster, check out 101!

Support Level

IaaS Provider Config. Mgmt OS Networking Docs Conforms Support Level
Bare-metal custom CentOS flannel docs   Community (@coolsvap)

For support level information on all solutions, see the Table of solutions chart.

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