Reference

Design docs, concept definitions, and references for APIs and CLIs.

Edit This Page

kubelet

Synopsis

The kubelet is the primary “node agent” that runs on each node. The kubelet works in terms of a PodSpec. A PodSpec is a YAML or JSON object that describes a pod. The kubelet takes a set of PodSpecs that are provided through various mechanisms (primarily through the apiserver) and ensures that the containers described in those PodSpecs are running and healthy. The kubelet doesn’t manage containers which were not created by Kubernetes.

Other than from an PodSpec from the apiserver, there are three ways that a container manifest can be provided to the Kubelet.

File: Path passed as a flag on the command line. Files under this path will be monitored periodically for updates. The monitoring period is 20s by default and is configurable via a flag.

HTTP endpoint: HTTP endpoint passed as a parameter on the command line. This endpoint is checked every 20 seconds (also configurable with a flag).

HTTP server: The kubelet can also listen for HTTP and respond to a simple API (underspec’d currently) to submit a new manifest.

kubelet [flags]

Options

      --azure-container-registry-config string   Path to the file containing Azure container registry configuration information.
  -h, --help                                     help for kubelet
      --log-flush-frequency duration             Maximum number of seconds between log flushes (default 5s)
      --version version[=true]                   Print version information and quit
Auto generated by spf13/cobra on 25-Mar-2018
                                      Enables anonymous requests to the Kubelet server. Requests that are not rejected by another authentication method are treated as anonymous requests. Anonymous requests have a username of system:anonymous, and a group name of system:unauthenticated. (default true)
  --authentication-token-webhook                                                                              Use the TokenReview API to determine authentication for bearer tokens.
  --authentication-token-webhook-cache-ttl duration                                                           The duration to cache responses from the webhook token authenticator. (default 2m0s)
  --authorization-mode string                                                                                 Authorization mode for Kubelet server. Valid options are AlwaysAllow or Webhook. Webhook mode uses the SubjectAccessReview API to determine authorization. (default "AlwaysAllow")
  --authorization-webhook-cache-authorized-ttl duration                                                       The duration to cache 'authorized' responses from the webhook authorizer. (default 5m0s)
  --authorization-webhook-cache-unauthorized-ttl duration                                                     The duration to cache 'unauthorized' responses from the webhook authorizer. (default 30s)
  --azure-container-registry-config string                                                                    Path to the file container Azure container registry configuration information.
  --bootstrap-checkpoint-path string                                                                          <Warning: Alpha feature> Path to to the directory where the checkpoints are stored
  --bootstrap-kubeconfig string                                                                               Path to a kubeconfig file that will be used to get client certificate for kubelet. If the file specified by --kubeconfig does not exist, the bootstrap kubeconfig is used to request a client certificate from the API server. On success, a kubeconfig file referencing the generated client certificate and key is written to the path specified by --kubeconfig. The client certificate and key file will be stored in the directory pointed by --cert-dir.
  --cadvisor-port int32                                                                                       The port of the localhost cAdvisor endpoint (set to 0 to disable) (default 4194)
  --cert-dir string                                                                                           The directory where the TLS certs are located. If --tls-cert-file and --tls-private-key-file are provided, this flag will be ignored. (default "/var/lib/kubelet/pki")
  --cgroup-driver string                                                                                      Driver that the kubelet uses to manipulate cgroups on the host.  Possible values: 'cgroupfs', 'systemd' (default "cgroupfs")
  --cgroup-root string                                                                                        Optional root cgroup to use for pods. This is handled by the container runtime on a best effort basis. Default: '', which means use the container runtime default.
  --cgroups-per-qos                                                                                           Enable creation of QoS cgroup hierarchy, if true top level QoS and pod cgroups are created. (default true)
  --chaos-chance float                                                                                        If > 0.0, introduce random client errors and latency. Intended for testing.
  --client-ca-file string                                                                                     If set, any request presenting a client certificate signed by one of the authorities in the client-ca-file is authenticated with an identity corresponding to the CommonName of the client certificate.
  --cloud-config string                                                                                       The path to the cloud provider configuration file.  Empty string for no configuration file.
  --cloud-provider string                                                                                     The provider for cloud services. Specify empty string for running with no cloud provider.
  --cluster-dns stringSlice                                                                                   Comma-separated list of DNS server IP address.  This value is used for containers DNS server in case of Pods with "dnsPolicy=ClusterFirst". Note: all DNS servers appearing in the list MUST serve the same set of records otherwise name resolution within the cluster may not work correctly. There is no guarantee as to which DNS server may be contacted for name resolution.
  --cluster-domain string                                                                                     Domain for this cluster.  If set, kubelet will configure all containers to search this domain in addition to the host's search domains
  --cni-bin-dir string                                                                                        <Warning: Alpha feature> The full path of the directory in which to search for CNI plugin binaries. Default: /opt/cni/bin
  --cni-conf-dir string                                                                                       <Warning: Alpha feature> The full path of the directory in which to search for CNI config files. Default: /etc/cni/net.d
  --container-runtime string                                                                                  The container runtime to use. Possible values: 'docker', 'rkt'. (default "docker")
  --container-runtime-endpoint string                                                                         [Experimental] The endpoint of remote runtime service. Currently unix socket is supported on Linux, and tcp is supported on windows.  Examples:'unix:///var/run/dockershim.sock', 'tcp://localhost:3735' (default "unix:///var/run/dockershim.sock")
  --containerized                                                                                             Experimental support for running kubelet in a container.  Intended for testing.
  --contention-profiling                                                                                      Enable lock contention profiling, if profiling is enabled
  --cpu-cfs-quota                                                                                             Enable CPU CFS quota enforcement for containers that specify CPU limits (default true)
  --cpu-manager-policy string                                                                                 <Warning: Alpha feature> CPU Manager policy to use. Possible values: 'none', 'static'. Default: 'none' (default "none")
  --cpu-manager-reconcile-period NodeStatusUpdateFrequency                                                    <Warning: Alpha feature> CPU Manager reconciliation period. Examples: '10s', or '1m'. If not supplied, defaults to NodeStatusUpdateFrequency (default 10s)
  --docker-disable-shared-pid                                                                                 The Container Runtime Interface (CRI) defaults to using a shared PID namespace for containers in a pod when running with Docker 1.13.1 or higher. Setting this flag reverts to the previous behavior of isolated PID namespaces. This ability will be removed in a future Kubernetes release. (default true)
  --docker-endpoint string                                                                                    Use this for the docker endpoint to communicate with (default "unix:///var/run/docker.sock")
  --dynamic-config-dir string                                                                                 The Kubelet will use this directory for checkpointing downloaded configurations and tracking configuration health. The Kubelet will create this directory if it does not already exist. The path may be absolute or relative; relative paths start at the Kubelet's current working directory. Providing this flag enables dynamic Kubelet configuration. Presently, you must also enable the DynamicKubeletConfig feature gate to pass this flag.
  --enable-controller-attach-detach                                                                           Enables the Attach/Detach controller to manage attachment/detachment of volumes scheduled to this node, and disables kubelet from executing any attach/detach operations (default true)
  --enable-debugging-handlers                                                                                 Enables server endpoints for log collection and local running of containers and commands (default true)
  --enable-server                                                                                             Enable the Kubelet's server (default true)
  --enforce-node-allocatable stringSlice                                                                      A comma separated list of levels of node allocatable enforcement to be enforced by kubelet. Acceptible options are 'pods', 'system-reserved' & 'kube-reserved'. If the latter two options are specified, '--system-reserved-cgroup' & '--kube-reserved-cgroup' must also be set respectively. See https://kubernetes.io/docs/tasks/administer-cluster/reserve-compute-resources/ for more details. (default [pods])
  --event-burst int32                                                                                         Maximum size of a bursty event records, temporarily allows event records to burst to this number, while still not exceeding event-qps. Only used if --event-qps > 0 (default 10)
  --event-qps int32                                                                                           If > 0, limit event creations per second to this value. If 0, unlimited. (default 5)
  --eviction-hard mapStringString                                                                             A set of eviction thresholds (e.g. memory.available<1Gi) that if met would trigger a pod eviction. (default imagefs.available<15%,memory.available<100Mi,nodefs.available<10%,nodefs.inodesFree<5%)
  --eviction-max-pod-grace-period int32                                                                       Maximum allowed grace period (in seconds) to use when terminating pods in response to a soft eviction threshold being met.  If negative, defer to pod specified value.
  --eviction-minimum-reclaim mapStringString                                                                  A set of minimum reclaims (e.g. imagefs.available=2Gi) that describes the minimum amount of resource the kubelet will reclaim when performing a pod eviction if that resource is under pressure.
  --eviction-pressure-transition-period duration                                                              Duration for which the kubelet has to wait before transitioning out of an eviction pressure condition. (default 5m0s)
  --eviction-soft mapStringString                                                                             A set of eviction thresholds (e.g. memory.available<1.5Gi) that if met over a corresponding grace period would trigger a pod eviction.
  --eviction-soft-grace-period mapStringString                                                                A set of eviction grace periods (e.g. memory.available=1m30s) that correspond to how long a soft eviction threshold must hold before triggering a pod eviction.
  --exit-on-lock-contention                                                                                   Whether kubelet should exit upon lock-file contention.
  --experimental-allocatable-ignore-eviction                                                                  When set to 'true', Hard Eviction Thresholds will be ignored while calculating Node Allocatable. See https://kubernetes.io/docs/tasks/administer-cluster/reserve-compute-resources/ for more details. [default=false]
  --experimental-allowed-unsafe-sysctls stringSlice                                                           Comma-separated whitelist of unsafe sysctls or unsafe sysctl patterns (ending in *). Use these at your own risk.
  --experimental-bootstrap-kubeconfig string                                                                  deprecated: use --bootstrap-kubeconfig
  --experimental-check-node-capabilities-before-mount                                                         [Experimental] if set true, the kubelet will check the underlying node for required componenets (binaries, etc.) before performing the mount
  --experimental-kernel-memcg-notification                                                                    If enabled, the kubelet will integrate with the kernel memcg notification to determine if memory eviction thresholds are crossed rather than polling.
  --experimental-mounter-path string                                                                          [Experimental] Path of mounter binary. Leave empty to use the default mount.
  --experimental-qos-reserved mapStringString                                                                 A set of ResourceName=Percentage (e.g. memory=50%) pairs that describe how pod resource requests are reserved at the QoS level. Currently only memory is supported. [default=none]
  --fail-swap-on                                                                                              Makes the Kubelet fail to start if swap is enabled on the node.  (default true)
  --feature-gates mapStringBool                                                                               A set of key=value pairs that describe feature gates for alpha/experimental features. Options are: APIListChunking=true|false (BETA - default=true) APIResponseCompression=true|false (ALPHA - default=false) Accelerators=true|false (ALPHA - default=false) AdvancedAuditing=true|false (BETA - default=true) AllAlpha=true|false (ALPHA - default=false) AllowExtTrafficLocalEndpoints=true|false (default=true) AppArmor=true|false (BETA - default=true) BlockVolume=true|false (ALPHA - default=false) CPUManager=true|false (ALPHA - default=false) CSIPersistentVolume=true|false (ALPHA - default=false) CustomPodDNS=true|false (ALPHA - default=false) CustomResourceValidation=true|false (BETA - default=true) DebugContainers=true|false (ALPHA - default=false) DevicePlugins=true|false (ALPHA - default=false) DynamicKubeletConfig=true|false (ALPHA - default=false) EnableEquivalenceClassCache=true|false (ALPHA - default=false) ExpandPersistentVolumes=true|false (ALPHA - default=false) ExperimentalCriticalPodAnnotation=true|false (ALPHA - default=false) ExperimentalHostUserNamespaceDefaulting=true|false (BETA - default=false) HugePages=true|false (ALPHA - default=false) Initializers=true|false (ALPHA - default=false) KubeletConfigFile=true|false (ALPHA - default=false) LocalStorageCapacityIsolation=true|false (ALPHA - default=false) MountContainers=true|false (ALPHA - default=false) MountPropagation=true|false (ALPHA - default=false) PVCProtection=true|false (ALPHA - default=false) PersistentLocalVolumes=true|false (ALPHA - default=false) PodPriority=true|false (ALPHA - default=false) ResourceLimitsPriorityFunction=true|false (ALPHA - default=false) RotateKubeletClientCertificate=true|false (BETA - default=true) RotateKubeletServerCertificate=true|false (ALPHA - default=false) ServiceNodeExclusion=true|false (ALPHA - default=false) StreamingProxyRedirects=true|false (BETA - default=true) SupportIPVSProxyMode=true|false (BETA - default=false) TaintBasedEvictions=true|false (ALPHA - default=false) TaintNodesByCondition=true|false (ALPHA - default=false) VolumeScheduling=true|false (ALPHA - default=false)
  --file-check-frequency duration                                                                             Duration between checking config files for new data (default 20s)
  --google-json-key string                                                                                    The Google Cloud Platform Service Account JSON Key to use for authentication.
  --hairpin-mode string                                                                                       How should the kubelet setup hairpin NAT. This allows endpoints of a Service to loadbalance back to themselves if they should try to access their own Service. Valid values are "promiscuous-bridge", "hairpin-veth" and "none". (default "promiscuous-bridge")
  --healthz-bind-address ip                                                                                   The IP address for the healthz server to serve on. (set to 0.0.0.0 for all interfaces) (default 127.0.0.1)
  --healthz-port int32                                                                                        The port of the localhost healthz endpoint (set to 0 to disable) (default 10248)
  --host-ipc-sources stringSlice                                                                              Comma-separated list of sources from which the Kubelet allows pods to use the host ipc namespace. (default [*])
  --host-network-sources stringSlice                                                                          Comma-separated list of sources from which the Kubelet allows pods to use of host network. (default [*])
  --host-pid-sources stringSlice                                                                              Comma-separated list of sources from which the Kubelet allows pods to use the host pid namespace. (default [*])
  --hostname-override string                                                                                  If non-empty, will use this string as identification instead of the actual hostname.
  --http-check-frequency duration                                                                             Duration between checking http for new data (default 20s)
  --image-gc-high-threshold int32                                                                             The percent of disk usage after which image garbage collection is always run. (default 85)
  --image-gc-low-threshold int32                                                                              The percent of disk usage before which image garbage collection is never run. Lowest disk usage to garbage collect to. (default 80)
  --image-pull-progress-deadline duration                                                                     If no pulling progress is made before this deadline, the image pulling will be cancelled. (default 1m0s)
  --image-service-endpoint string                                                                             [Experimental] The endpoint of remote image service. If not specified, it will be the same with container-runtime-endpoint by default. Currently unix socket is supported on Linux, and tcp is supported on windows.  Examples:'unix:///var/run/dockershim.sock', 'tcp://localhost:3735'
  --init-config-dir string                                                                                    The Kubelet will look in this directory for the init configuration. The path may be absolute or relative; relative paths start at the Kubelet's current working directory. Omit this argument to use the built-in default configuration values. Presently, you must also enable the KubeletConfigFile feature gate to pass this flag.
  --iptables-drop-bit int32                                                                                   The bit of the fwmark space to mark packets for dropping. Must be within the range [0, 31]. (default 15)
  --iptables-masquerade-bit int32                                                                             The bit of the fwmark space to mark packets for SNAT. Must be within the range [0, 31]. Please match this parameter with corresponding parameter in kube-proxy. (default 14)
  --kube-api-burst int32                                                                                      Burst to use while talking with kubernetes apiserver (default 10)
  --kube-api-content-type string                                                                              Content type of requests sent to apiserver. (default "application/vnd.kubernetes.protobuf")
  --kube-api-qps int32                                                                                        QPS to use while talking with kubernetes apiserver (default 5)
  --kube-reserved mapStringString                                                                             A set of ResourceName=ResourceQuantity (e.g. cpu=200m,memory=500Mi,ephemeral-storage=1Gi) pairs that describe resources reserved for kubernetes system components. Currently cpu, memory and local ephemeral storage for root file system are supported. See http://kubernetes.io/docs/user-guide/compute-resources for more detail. [default=none]
  --kube-reserved-cgroup string                                                                               Absolute name of the top level cgroup that is used to manage kubernetes components for which compute resources were reserved via '--kube-reserved' flag. Ex. '/kube-reserved'. [default='']
  --kubeconfig string                                                                                         Path to a kubeconfig file, specifying how to connect to the API server. (default "/var/lib/kubelet/kubeconfig")
  --kubelet-cgroups string                                                                                    Optional absolute name of cgroups to create and run the Kubelet in.
  --lock-file string                                                                                          <Warning: Alpha feature> The path to file for kubelet to use as a lock file.
  --make-iptables-util-chains                                                                                 If true, kubelet will ensure iptables utility rules are present on host. (default true)
  --manifest-url string                                                                                       URL for accessing the container manifest
  --manifest-url-header --manifest-url-header 'a:hello,b:again,c:world' --manifest-url-header 'b:beautiful'   Comma-separated list of HTTP headers to use when accessing the manifest URL. Multiple headers with the same name will be added in the same order provided. This flag can be repeatedly invoked. For example: --manifest-url-header 'a:hello,b:again,c:world' --manifest-url-header 'b:beautiful'
  --max-open-files int                                                                                        Number of files that can be opened by Kubelet process. (default 1000000)
  --max-pods int32                                                                                            Number of Pods that can run on this Kubelet. (default 110)
  --minimum-image-ttl-duration duration                                                                       Minimum age for an unused image before it is garbage collected.  Examples: '300ms', '10s' or '2h45m'. (default 2m0s)
  --network-plugin string                                                                                     <Warning: Alpha feature> The name of the network plugin to be invoked for various events in kubelet/pod lifecycle
  --network-plugin-mtu int32                                                                                  <Warning: Alpha feature> The MTU to be passed to the network plugin, to override the default. Set to 0 to use the default 1460 MTU.
  --node-ip string                                                                                            IP address of the node. If set, kubelet will use this IP address for the node
  --node-labels mapStringString                                                                               <Warning: Alpha feature> Labels to add when registering the node in the cluster.  Labels must be key=value pairs separated by ','.
  --node-status-update-frequency duration                                                                     Specifies how often kubelet posts node status to master. Note: be cautious when changing the constant, it must work with nodeMonitorGracePeriod in nodecontroller. (default 10s)
  --oom-score-adj int32                                                                                       The oom-score-adj value for kubelet process. Values must be within the range [-1000, 1000] (default -999)
  --pod-cidr string                                                                                           The CIDR to use for pod IP addresses, only used in standalone mode.  In cluster mode, this is obtained from the master.
  --pod-infra-container-image string                                                                          The image whose network/ipc namespaces containers in each pod will use. (default "k8s.gcr.io/pause-amd64:3.0")
  --pod-manifest-path string                                                                                  Path to the directory containing pod manifest files to run, or the path to a single pod manifest file. Files starting with dots will be ignored.
  --pods-per-core int32                                                                                       Number of Pods per core that can run on this Kubelet. The total number of Pods on this Kubelet cannot exceed max-pods, so max-pods will be used if this calculation results in a larger number of Pods allowed on the Kubelet. A value of 0 disables this limit.
  --port int32                                                                                                The port for the Kubelet to serve on. (default 10250)
  --protect-kernel-defaults                                                                                   Default kubelet behaviour for kernel tuning. If set, kubelet errors if any of kernel tunables is different than kubelet defaults.
  --provider-id string                                                                                        Unique identifier for identifying the node in a machine database, i.e cloudprovider
  --read-only-port int32                                                                                      The read-only port for the Kubelet to serve on with no authentication/authorization (set to 0 to disable) (default 10255)
  --really-crash-for-testing                                                                                  If true, when panics occur crash. Intended for testing.
  --register-node                                                                                             Register the node with the apiserver. If --kubeconfig is not provided, this flag is irrelevant, as the Kubelet won't have an apiserver to register with. Default=true. (default true)
  --register-with-taints []api.Taint                                                                          Register the node with the given list of taints (comma separated "<key>=<value>:<effect>"). No-op if register-node is false.
  --registry-burst int32                                                                                      Maximum size of a bursty pulls, temporarily allows pulls to burst to this number, while still not exceeding registry-qps. Only used if --registry-qps > 0 (default 10)
  --registry-qps int32                                                                                        If > 0, limit registry pull QPS to this value.  If 0, unlimited. (default 5)
  --resolv-conf string                                                                                        Resolver configuration file used as the basis for the container DNS resolution configuration. (default "/etc/resolv.conf")
  --rkt-api-endpoint string                                                                                   The endpoint of the rkt API service to communicate with. Only used if --container-runtime='rkt'. (default "localhost:15441")
  --rkt-path string                                                                                           Path of rkt binary. Leave empty to use the first rkt in $PATH.  Only used if --container-runtime='rkt'.
  --root-dir string                                                                                           Directory path for managing kubelet files (volume mounts,etc). (default "/var/lib/kubelet")
  --rotate-certificates                                                                                       <Warning: Beta feature> Auto rotate the kubelet client certificates by requesting new certificates from the kube-apiserver when the certificate expiration approaches.
  --runonce                                                                                                   If true, exit after spawning pods from local manifests or remote urls. Exclusive with --enable-server
  --runtime-cgroups string                                                                                    Optional absolute name of cgroups to create and run the runtime in.
  --runtime-request-timeout duration                                                                          Timeout of all runtime requests except long running request - pull, logs, exec and attach. When timeout exceeded, kubelet will cancel the request, throw out an error and retry later. (default 2m0s)
  --seccomp-profile-root string                                                                               <Warning: Alpha feature> Directory path for seccomp profiles. (default "/var/lib/kubelet/seccomp")
  --serialize-image-pulls                                                                                     Pull images one at a time. We recommend *not* changing the default value on nodes that run docker daemon with version < 1.9 or an Aufs storage backend. Issue #10959 has more details. (default true)
  --streaming-connection-idle-timeout duration                                                                Maximum time a streaming connection can be idle before the connection is automatically closed. 0 indicates no timeout. Example: '5m' (default 4h0m0s)
  --sync-frequency duration                                                                                   Max period between synchronizing running containers and config (default 1m0s)
  --system-cgroups /                                                                                          Optional absolute name of cgroups in which to place all non-kernel processes that are not already inside a cgroup under /. Empty for no container. Rolling back the flag requires a reboot.
  --system-reserved mapStringString                                                                           A set of ResourceName=ResourceQuantity (e.g. cpu=200m,memory=500Mi,ephemeral-storage=1Gi) pairs that describe resources reserved for non-kubernetes components. Currently only cpu and memory are supported. See http://kubernetes.io/docs/user-guide/compute-resources for more detail. [default=none]
  --system-reserved-cgroup string                                                                             Absolute name of the top level cgroup that is used to manage non-kubernetes components for which compute resources were reserved via '--system-reserved' flag. Ex. '/system-reserved'. [default='']
  --tls-cert-file string                                                                                      File containing x509 Certificate used for serving HTTPS (with intermediate certs, if any, concatenated after server cert). If --tls-cert-file and --tls-private-key-file are not provided, a self-signed certificate and key are generated for the public address and saved to the directory passed to --cert-dir.
  --tls-private-key-file string                                                                               File containing x509 private key matching --tls-cert-file.
  --version version[=true]                                                                                    Print version information and quit
  --volume-plugin-dir string                                                                                  <Warning: Alpha feature> The full path of the directory in which to search for additional third party volume plugins (default "/usr/libexec/kubernetes/kubelet-plugins/volume/exec/")
  --volume-stats-agg-period duration                                                                          Specifies interval for kubelet to calculate and cache the volume disk usage for all pods and volumes.  To disable volume calculations, set to 0. (default 1m0s) ```
Auto generated by spf13/cobra on 12-Dec-2017

Analytics

Create an Issue Edit this Page