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Command line tool (kubectl)

Kubernetes provides a command line tool for communicating with a Kubernetes cluster's control plane, using the Kubernetes API.

This tool is named kubectl.

For configuration, kubectl looks for a file named config in the $HOME/.kube directory. You can specify other kubeconfig files by setting the KUBECONFIG environment variable or by setting the --kubeconfig flag.

This overview covers kubectl syntax, describes the command operations, and provides common examples. For details about each command, including all the supported flags and subcommands, see the kubectl reference documentation.

For installation instructions, see Installing kubectl; for a quick guide, see the cheat sheet. If you're used to using the docker command-line tool, kubectl for Docker Users explains some equivalent commands for Kubernetes.

Syntax

Use the following syntax to run kubectl commands from your terminal window:

kubectl [command] [TYPE] [NAME] [flags]

where command, TYPE, NAME, and flags are:

  • command: Specifies the operation that you want to perform on one or more resources, for example create, get, describe, delete.

  • TYPE: Specifies the resource type. Resource types are case-insensitive and you can specify the singular, plural, or abbreviated forms. For example, the following commands produce the same output:

    kubectl get pod pod1
    kubectl get pods pod1
    kubectl get po pod1
    
  • NAME: Specifies the name of the resource. Names are case-sensitive. If the name is omitted, details for all resources are displayed, for example kubectl get pods.

    When performing an operation on multiple resources, you can specify each resource by type and name or specify one or more files:

    • To specify resources by type and name:

      • To group resources if they are all the same type: TYPE1 name1 name2 name<#>.
        Example: kubectl get pod example-pod1 example-pod2

      • To specify multiple resource types individually: TYPE1/name1 TYPE1/name2 TYPE2/name3 TYPE<#>/name<#>.
        Example: kubectl get pod/example-pod1 replicationcontroller/example-rc1

    • To specify resources with one or more files: -f file1 -f file2 -f file<#>

      • Use YAML rather than JSON since YAML tends to be more user-friendly, especially for configuration files.
        Example: kubectl get -f ./pod.yaml
  • flags: Specifies optional flags. For example, you can use the -s or --server flags to specify the address and port of the Kubernetes API server.

If you need help, run kubectl help from the terminal window.

In-cluster authentication and namespace overrides

By default kubectl will first determine if it is running within a pod, and thus in a cluster. It starts by checking for the KUBERNETES_SERVICE_HOST and KUBERNETES_SERVICE_PORT environment variables and the existence of a service account token file at /var/run/secrets/kubernetes.io/serviceaccount/token. If all three are found in-cluster authentication is assumed.

To maintain backwards compatibility, if the POD_NAMESPACE environment variable is set during in-cluster authentication it will override the default namespace from the service account token. Any manifests or tools relying on namespace defaulting will be affected by this.

POD_NAMESPACE environment variable

If the POD_NAMESPACE environment variable is set, cli operations on namespaced resources will default to the variable value. For example, if the variable is set to seattle, kubectl get pods would return pods in the seattle namespace. This is because pods are a namespaced resource, and no namespace was provided in the command. Review the output of kubectl api-resources to determine if a resource is namespaced.

Explicit use of --namespace <value> overrides this behavior.

How kubectl handles ServiceAccount tokens

If:

  • there is Kubernetes service account token file mounted at /var/run/secrets/kubernetes.io/serviceaccount/token, and
  • the KUBERNETES_SERVICE_HOST environment variable is set, and
  • the KUBERNETES_SERVICE_PORT environment variable is set, and
  • you don't explicitly specify a namespace on the kubectl command line

then kubectl assumes it is running in your cluster. The kubectl tool looks up the namespace of that ServiceAccount (this is the same as the namespace of the Pod) and acts against that namespace. This is different from what happens outside of a cluster; when kubectl runs outside a cluster and you don't specify a namespace, the kubectl command acts against the namespace set for the current context in your client configuration. To change the default namespace for your kubectl you can use the following command:

kubectl config set-context --current --namespace=<namespace-name>

Operations

The following table includes short descriptions and the general syntax for all of the kubectl operations:

OperationSyntaxDescription
alphakubectl alpha SUBCOMMAND [flags]List the available commands that correspond to alpha features, which are not enabled in Kubernetes clusters by default.
annotatekubectl annotate (-f FILENAME | TYPE NAME | TYPE/NAME) KEY_1=VAL_1 ... KEY_N=VAL_N [--overwrite] [--all] [--resource-version=version] [flags]Add or update the annotations of one or more resources.
api-resourceskubectl api-resources [flags]List the API resources that are available.
api-versionskubectl api-versions [flags]List the API versions that are available.
applykubectl apply -f FILENAME [flags]Apply a configuration change to a resource from a file or stdin.
attachkubectl attach POD -c CONTAINER [-i] [-t] [flags]Attach to a running container either to view the output stream or interact with the container (stdin).
authkubectl auth [flags] [options]Inspect authorization.
autoscalekubectl autoscale (-f FILENAME | TYPE NAME | TYPE/NAME) [--min=MINPODS] --max=MAXPODS [--cpu-percent=CPU] [flags]Automatically scale the set of pods that are managed by a replication controller.
certificatekubectl certificate SUBCOMMAND [options]Modify certificate resources.
cluster-infokubectl cluster-info [flags]Display endpoint information about the master and services in the cluster.
completionkubectl completion SHELL [options]Output shell completion code for the specified shell (bash or zsh).
configkubectl config SUBCOMMAND [flags]Modifies kubeconfig files. See the individual subcommands for details.
convertkubectl convert -f FILENAME [options]Convert config files between different API versions. Both YAML and JSON formats are accepted. Note - requires kubectl-convert plugin to be installed.
cordonkubectl cordon NODE [options]Mark node as unschedulable.
cpkubectl cp <file-spec-src> <file-spec-dest> [options]Copy files and directories to and from containers.
createkubectl create -f FILENAME [flags]Create one or more resources from a file or stdin.
deletekubectl delete (-f FILENAME | TYPE [NAME | /NAME | -l label | --all]) [flags]Delete resources either from a file, stdin, or specifying label selectors, names, resource selectors, or resources.
describekubectl describe (-f FILENAME | TYPE [NAME_PREFIX | /NAME | -l label]) [flags]Display the detailed state of one or more resources.
diffkubectl diff -f FILENAME [flags]Diff file or stdin against live configuration.
drainkubectl drain NODE [options]Drain node in preparation for maintenance.
editkubectl edit (-f FILENAME | TYPE NAME | TYPE/NAME) [flags]Edit and update the definition of one or more resources on the server by using the default editor.
eventskubectl eventsList events
execkubectl exec POD [-c CONTAINER] [-i] [-t] [flags] [-- COMMAND [args...]]Execute a command against a container in a pod.
explainkubectl explain TYPE [--recursive=false] [flags]Get documentation of various resources. For instance pods, nodes, services, etc.
exposekubectl expose (-f FILENAME | TYPE NAME | TYPE/NAME) [--port=port] [--protocol=TCP|UDP] [--target-port=number-or-name] [--name=name] [--external-ip=external-ip-of-service] [--type=type] [flags]Expose a replication controller, service, or pod as a new Kubernetes service.
getkubectl get (-f FILENAME | TYPE [NAME | /NAME | -l label]) [--watch] [--sort-by=FIELD] [[-o | --output]=OUTPUT_FORMAT] [flags]List one or more resources.
kustomizekubectl kustomize <dir> [flags] [options]List a set of API resources generated from instructions in a kustomization.yaml file. The argument must be the path to the directory containing the file, or a git repository URL with a path suffix specifying same with respect to the repository root.
labelkubectl label (-f FILENAME | TYPE NAME | TYPE/NAME) KEY_1=VAL_1 ... KEY_N=VAL_N [--overwrite] [--all] [--resource-version=version] [flags]Add or update the labels of one or more resources.
logskubectl logs POD [-c CONTAINER] [--follow] [flags]Print the logs for a container in a pod.
optionskubectl optionsList of global command-line options, which apply to all commands.
patchkubectl patch (-f FILENAME | TYPE NAME | TYPE/NAME) --patch PATCH [flags]Update one or more fields of a resource by using the strategic merge patch process.
pluginkubectl plugin [flags] [options]Provides utilities for interacting with plugins.
port-forwardkubectl port-forward POD [LOCAL_PORT:]REMOTE_PORT [...[LOCAL_PORT_N:]REMOTE_PORT_N] [flags]Forward one or more local ports to a pod.
proxykubectl proxy [--port=PORT] [--www=static-dir] [--www-prefix=prefix] [--api-prefix=prefix] [flags]Run a proxy to the Kubernetes API server.
replacekubectl replace -f FILENAMEReplace a resource from a file or stdin.
rolloutkubectl rollout SUBCOMMAND [options]Manage the rollout of a resource. Valid resource types include: deployments, daemonsets and statefulsets.
runkubectl run NAME --image=image [--env="key=value"] [--port=port] [--dry-run=server|client|none] [--overrides=inline-json] [flags]Run a specified image on the cluster.
scalekubectl scale (-f FILENAME | TYPE NAME | TYPE/NAME) --replicas=COUNT [--resource-version=version] [--current-replicas=count] [flags]Update the size of the specified replication controller.
setkubectl set SUBCOMMAND [options]Configure application resources.
taintkubectl taint NODE NAME KEY_1=VAL_1:TAINT_EFFECT_1 ... KEY_N=VAL_N:TAINT_EFFECT_N [options]Update the taints on one or more nodes.
topkubectl top (POD | NODE) [flags] [options]Display Resource (CPU/Memory/Storage) usage of pod or node.
uncordonkubectl uncordon NODE [options]Mark node as schedulable.
versionkubectl version [--client] [flags]Display the Kubernetes version running on the client and server.
waitkubectl wait ([-f FILENAME] | resource.group/resource.name | resource.group [(-l label | --all)]) [--for=delete|--for condition=available] [options]Experimental: Wait for a specific condition on one or many resources.

To learn more about command operations, see the kubectl reference documentation.

Resource types

The following table includes a list of all the supported resource types and their abbreviated aliases.

(This output can be retrieved from kubectl api-resources, and was accurate as of Kubernetes 1.25.0)

NAMESHORTNAMESAPIVERSIONNAMESPACEDKIND
bindingsv1trueBinding
componentstatusescsv1falseComponentStatus
configmapscmv1trueConfigMap
endpointsepv1trueEndpoints
eventsevv1trueEvent
limitrangeslimitsv1trueLimitRange
namespacesnsv1falseNamespace
nodesnov1falseNode
persistentvolumeclaimspvcv1truePersistentVolumeClaim
persistentvolumespvv1falsePersistentVolume
podspov1truePod
podtemplatesv1truePodTemplate
replicationcontrollersrcv1trueReplicationController
resourcequotasquotav1trueResourceQuota
secretsv1trueSecret
serviceaccountssav1trueServiceAccount
servicessvcv1trueService
mutatingwebhookconfigurationsadmissionregistration.k8s.io/v1falseMutatingWebhookConfiguration
validatingwebhookconfigurationsadmissionregistration.k8s.io/v1falseValidatingWebhookConfiguration
customresourcedefinitionscrd,crdsapiextensions.k8s.io/v1falseCustomResourceDefinition
apiservicesapiregistration.k8s.io/v1falseAPIService
controllerrevisionsapps/v1trueControllerRevision
daemonsetsdsapps/v1trueDaemonSet
deploymentsdeployapps/v1trueDeployment
replicasetsrsapps/v1trueReplicaSet
statefulsetsstsapps/v1trueStatefulSet
tokenreviewsauthentication.k8s.io/v1falseTokenReview
localsubjectaccessreviewsauthorization.k8s.io/v1trueLocalSubjectAccessReview
selfsubjectaccessreviewsauthorization.k8s.io/v1falseSelfSubjectAccessReview
selfsubjectrulesreviewsauthorization.k8s.io/v1falseSelfSubjectRulesReview
subjectaccessreviewsauthorization.k8s.io/v1falseSubjectAccessReview
horizontalpodautoscalershpaautoscaling/v2trueHorizontalPodAutoscaler
cronjobscjbatch/v1trueCronJob
jobsbatch/v1trueJob
certificatesigningrequestscsrcertificates.k8s.io/v1falseCertificateSigningRequest
leasescoordination.k8s.io/v1trueLease
endpointslicesdiscovery.k8s.io/v1trueEndpointSlice
eventsevevents.k8s.io/v1trueEvent
flowschemasflowcontrol.apiserver.k8s.io/v1beta2falseFlowSchema
prioritylevelconfigurationsflowcontrol.apiserver.k8s.io/v1beta2falsePriorityLevelConfiguration
ingressclassesnetworking.k8s.io/v1falseIngressClass
ingressesingnetworking.k8s.io/v1trueIngress
networkpoliciesnetpolnetworking.k8s.io/v1trueNetworkPolicy
runtimeclassesnode.k8s.io/v1falseRuntimeClass
poddisruptionbudgetspdbpolicy/v1truePodDisruptionBudget
podsecuritypoliciespsppolicy/v1beta1falsePodSecurityPolicy
clusterrolebindingsrbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1falseClusterRoleBinding
clusterrolesrbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1falseClusterRole
rolebindingsrbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1trueRoleBinding
rolesrbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1trueRole
priorityclassespcscheduling.k8s.io/v1falsePriorityClass
csidriversstorage.k8s.io/v1falseCSIDriver
csinodesstorage.k8s.io/v1falseCSINode
csistoragecapacitiesstorage.k8s.io/v1trueCSIStorageCapacity
storageclassesscstorage.k8s.io/v1falseStorageClass
volumeattachmentsstorage.k8s.io/v1falseVolumeAttachment

Output options

Use the following sections for information about how you can format or sort the output of certain commands. For details about which commands support the various output options, see the kubectl reference documentation.

Formatting output

The default output format for all kubectl commands is the human readable plain-text format. To output details to your terminal window in a specific format, you can add either the -o or --output flags to a supported kubectl command.

Syntax

kubectl [command] [TYPE] [NAME] -o <output_format>

Depending on the kubectl operation, the following output formats are supported:

Output formatDescription
-o custom-columns=<spec>Print a table using a comma separated list of custom columns.
-o custom-columns-file=<filename>Print a table using the custom columns template in the <filename> file.
-o jsonOutput a JSON formatted API object.
-o jsonpath=<template>Print the fields defined in a jsonpath expression.
-o jsonpath-file=<filename>Print the fields defined by the jsonpath expression in the <filename> file.
-o namePrint only the resource name and nothing else.
-o wideOutput in the plain-text format with any additional information. For pods, the node name is included.
-o yamlOutput a YAML formatted API object.
Example

In this example, the following command outputs the details for a single pod as a YAML formatted object:

kubectl get pod web-pod-13je7 -o yaml

Remember: See the kubectl reference documentation for details about which output format is supported by each command.

Custom columns

To define custom columns and output only the details that you want into a table, you can use the custom-columns option. You can choose to define the custom columns inline or use a template file: -o custom-columns=<spec> or -o custom-columns-file=<filename>.

Examples

Inline:

kubectl get pods <pod-name> -o custom-columns=NAME:.metadata.name,RSRC:.metadata.resourceVersion

Template file:

kubectl get pods <pod-name> -o custom-columns-file=template.txt

where the template.txt file contains:

NAME          RSRC
metadata.name metadata.resourceVersion

The result of running either command is similar to:

NAME           RSRC
submit-queue   610995

Server-side columns

kubectl supports receiving specific column information from the server about objects. This means that for any given resource, the server will return columns and rows relevant to that resource, for the client to print. This allows for consistent human-readable output across clients used against the same cluster, by having the server encapsulate the details of printing.

This feature is enabled by default. To disable it, add the --server-print=false flag to the kubectl get command.

Examples

To print information about the status of a pod, use a command like the following:

kubectl get pods <pod-name> --server-print=false

The output is similar to:

NAME       AGE
pod-name   1m

Sorting list objects

To output objects to a sorted list in your terminal window, you can add the --sort-by flag to a supported kubectl command. Sort your objects by specifying any numeric or string field with the --sort-by flag. To specify a field, use a jsonpath expression.

Syntax

kubectl [command] [TYPE] [NAME] --sort-by=<jsonpath_exp>
Example

To print a list of pods sorted by name, you run:

kubectl get pods --sort-by=.metadata.name

Examples: Common operations

Use the following set of examples to help you familiarize yourself with running the commonly used kubectl operations:

kubectl apply - Apply or Update a resource from a file or stdin.

# Create a service using the definition in example-service.yaml.
kubectl apply -f example-service.yaml

# Create a replication controller using the definition in example-controller.yaml.
kubectl apply -f example-controller.yaml

# Create the objects that are defined in any .yaml, .yml, or .json file within the <directory> directory.
kubectl apply -f <directory>

kubectl get - List one or more resources.

# List all pods in plain-text output format.
kubectl get pods

# List all pods in plain-text output format and include additional information (such as node name).
kubectl get pods -o wide

# List the replication controller with the specified name in plain-text output format. Tip: You can shorten and replace the 'replicationcontroller' resource type with the alias 'rc'.
kubectl get replicationcontroller <rc-name>

# List all replication controllers and services together in plain-text output format.
kubectl get rc,services

# List all daemon sets in plain-text output format.
kubectl get ds

# List all pods running on node server01
kubectl get pods --field-selector=spec.nodeName=server01

kubectl describe - Display detailed state of one or more resources, including the uninitialized ones by default.

# Display the details of the node with name <node-name>.
kubectl describe nodes <node-name>

# Display the details of the pod with name <pod-name>.
kubectl describe pods/<pod-name>

# Display the details of all the pods that are managed by the replication controller named <rc-name>.
# Remember: Any pods that are created by the replication controller get prefixed with the name of the replication controller.
kubectl describe pods <rc-name>

# Describe all pods
kubectl describe pods

kubectl delete - Delete resources either from a file, stdin, or specifying label selectors, names, resource selectors, or resources.

# Delete a pod using the type and name specified in the pod.yaml file.
kubectl delete -f pod.yaml

# Delete all the pods and services that have the label '<label-key>=<label-value>'.
kubectl delete pods,services -l <label-key>=<label-value>

# Delete all pods, including uninitialized ones.
kubectl delete pods --all

kubectl exec - Execute a command against a container in a pod.

# Get output from running 'date' from pod <pod-name>. By default, output is from the first container.
kubectl exec <pod-name> -- date

# Get output from running 'date' in container <container-name> of pod <pod-name>.
kubectl exec <pod-name> -c <container-name> -- date

# Get an interactive TTY and run /bin/bash from pod <pod-name>. By default, output is from the first container.
kubectl exec -ti <pod-name> -- /bin/bash

kubectl logs - Print the logs for a container in a pod.

# Return a snapshot of the logs from pod <pod-name>.
kubectl logs <pod-name>

# Start streaming the logs from pod <pod-name>. This is similar to the 'tail -f' Linux command.
kubectl logs -f <pod-name>

kubectl diff - View a diff of the proposed updates to a cluster.

# Diff resources included in "pod.json".
kubectl diff -f pod.json

# Diff file read from stdin.
cat service.yaml | kubectl diff -f -

Examples: Creating and using plugins

Use the following set of examples to help you familiarize yourself with writing and using kubectl plugins:

# create a simple plugin in any language and name the resulting executable file
# so that it begins with the prefix "kubectl-"
cat ./kubectl-hello
#!/bin/sh

# this plugin prints the words "hello world"
echo "hello world"

With a plugin written, let's make it executable:

chmod a+x ./kubectl-hello

# and move it to a location in our PATH
sudo mv ./kubectl-hello /usr/local/bin
sudo chown root:root /usr/local/bin

# You have now created and "installed" a kubectl plugin.
# You can begin using this plugin by invoking it from kubectl as if it were a regular command
kubectl hello
hello world
# You can "uninstall" a plugin, by removing it from the folder in your
# $PATH where you placed it
sudo rm /usr/local/bin/kubectl-hello

In order to view all of the plugins that are available to kubectl, use the kubectl plugin list subcommand:

kubectl plugin list

The output is similar to:

The following kubectl-compatible plugins are available:

/usr/local/bin/kubectl-hello
/usr/local/bin/kubectl-foo
/usr/local/bin/kubectl-bar

kubectl plugin list also warns you about plugins that are not executable, or that are shadowed by other plugins; for example:

sudo chmod -x /usr/local/bin/kubectl-foo # remove execute permission
kubectl plugin list
The following kubectl-compatible plugins are available:

/usr/local/bin/kubectl-hello
/usr/local/bin/kubectl-foo
  - warning: /usr/local/bin/kubectl-foo identified as a plugin, but it is not executable
/usr/local/bin/kubectl-bar

error: one plugin warning was found

You can think of plugins as a means to build more complex functionality on top of the existing kubectl commands:

cat ./kubectl-whoami

The next few examples assume that you already made kubectl-whoami have the following contents:

#!/bin/bash

# this plugin makes use of the `kubectl config` command in order to output
# information about the current user, based on the currently selected context
kubectl config view --template='{{ range .contexts }}{{ if eq .name "'$(kubectl config current-context)'" }}Current user: {{ printf "%s\n" .context.user }}{{ end }}{{ end }}'

Running the above command gives you an output containing the user for the current context in your KUBECONFIG file:

# make the file executable
sudo chmod +x ./kubectl-whoami

# and move it into your PATH
sudo mv ./kubectl-whoami /usr/local/bin

kubectl whoami
Current user: plugins-user

What's next

1 - Introduction to kubectl

kubectl is the Kubernetes cli version of a swiss army knife, and can do many things.

While this Book is focused on using kubectl to declaratively manage applications in Kubernetes, it also covers other kubectl functions.

Command Families

Most kubectl commands typically fall into one of a few categories:

TypeUsed ForDescription
Declarative Resource ManagementDeployment and operations (e.g. GitOps)Declaratively manage Kubernetes workloads using resource configuration
Imperative Resource ManagementDevelopment OnlyRun commands to manage Kubernetes workloads using Command Line arguments and flags
Printing Workload StateDebuggingPrint information about workloads
Interacting with ContainersDebuggingExec, attach, cp, logs
Cluster ManagementCluster operationsDrain and cordon Nodes

Declarative Application Management

The preferred approach for managing resources is through declarative files called resource configuration used with the kubectl Apply command. This command reads a local (or remote) file structure and modifies cluster state to reflect the declared intent.

Printing State about Workloads

Users will need to view workload state.

  • Printing summarize state and information about resources
  • Printing complete state and information about resources
  • Printing specific fields from resources
  • Query resources matching labels

Debugging Workloads

kubectl supports debugging by providing commands for:

  • Printing Container logs
  • Printing cluster events
  • Exec or attaching to a Container
  • Copying files from Containers in the cluster to a user's filesystem

Cluster Management

On occasion, users may need to perform operations to the Nodes of cluster. kubectl supports commands to drain workloads from a Node so that it can be decommissioned or debugged.

Porcelain

Users may find using resource configuration overly verbose for development and prefer to work with the cluster imperatively with a shell-like workflow. kubectl offers porcelain commands for generating and modifying resources.

  • Generating + creating resources such as Deployments, StatefulSets, Services, ConfigMaps, etc.
  • Setting fields on resources
  • Editing (live) resources in a text editor

2 - kubectl Quick Reference

This page contains a list of commonly used kubectl commands and flags.

Kubectl autocomplete

BASH

source <(kubectl completion bash) # set up autocomplete in bash into the current shell, bash-completion package should be installed first.
echo "source <(kubectl completion bash)" >> ~/.bashrc # add autocomplete permanently to your bash shell.

You can also use a shorthand alias for kubectl that also works with completion:

alias k=kubectl
complete -o default -F __start_kubectl k

ZSH

source <(kubectl completion zsh)  # set up autocomplete in zsh into the current shell
echo '[[ $commands[kubectl] ]] && source <(kubectl completion zsh)' >> ~/.zshrc # add autocomplete permanently to your zsh shell

FISH

echo 'kubectl completion fish | source' > ~/.config/fish/completions/kubectl.fish && source ~/.config/fish/completions/kubectl.fish

A note on --all-namespaces

Appending --all-namespaces happens frequently enough that you should be aware of the shorthand for --all-namespaces:

kubectl -A

Kubectl context and configuration

Set which Kubernetes cluster kubectl communicates with and modifies configuration information. See Authenticating Across Clusters with kubeconfig documentation for detailed config file information.

kubectl config view # Show Merged kubeconfig settings.

# use multiple kubeconfig files at the same time and view merged config
KUBECONFIG=~/.kube/config:~/.kube/kubconfig2

kubectl config view

# Show merged kubeconfig settings and raw certificate data and exposed secrets
kubectl config view --raw 

# get the password for the e2e user
kubectl config view -o jsonpath='{.users[?(@.name == "e2e")].user.password}'

# get the certificate for the e2e user
kubectl config view --raw -o jsonpath='{.users[?(.name == "e2e")].user.client-certificate-data}' | base64 -d

kubectl config view -o jsonpath='{.users[].name}'    # display the first user
kubectl config view -o jsonpath='{.users[*].name}'   # get a list of users
kubectl config get-contexts                          # display list of contexts
kubectl config get-contexts -o name                  # get all context names
kubectl config current-context                       # display the current-context
kubectl config use-context my-cluster-name           # set the default context to my-cluster-name

kubectl config set-cluster my-cluster-name           # set a cluster entry in the kubeconfig

# configure the URL to a proxy server to use for requests made by this client in the kubeconfig
kubectl config set-cluster my-cluster-name --proxy-url=my-proxy-url

# add a new user to your kubeconf that supports basic auth
kubectl config set-credentials kubeuser/foo.kubernetes.com --username=kubeuser --password=kubepassword

# permanently save the namespace for all subsequent kubectl commands in that context.
kubectl config set-context --current --namespace=ggckad-s2

# set a context utilizing a specific username and namespace.
kubectl config set-context gce --user=cluster-admin --namespace=foo \
  && kubectl config use-context gce

kubectl config unset users.foo                       # delete user foo

# short alias to set/show context/namespace (only works for bash and bash-compatible shells, current context to be set before using kn to set namespace)
alias kx='f() { [ "$1" ] && kubectl config use-context $1 || kubectl config current-context ; } ; f'
alias kn='f() { [ "$1" ] && kubectl config set-context --current --namespace $1 || kubectl config view --minify | grep namespace | cut -d" " -f6 ; } ; f'

Kubectl apply

apply manages applications through files defining Kubernetes resources. It creates and updates resources in a cluster through running kubectl apply. This is the recommended way of managing Kubernetes applications on production. See Kubectl Book.

Creating objects

Kubernetes manifests can be defined in YAML or JSON. The file extension .yaml, .yml, and .json can be used.

kubectl apply -f ./my-manifest.yaml                 # create resource(s)
kubectl apply -f ./my1.yaml -f ./my2.yaml           # create from multiple files
kubectl apply -f ./dir                              # create resource(s) in all manifest files in dir
kubectl apply -f https://example.com/manifest.yaml  # create resource(s) from url (Note: this is an example domain and does not contain a valid manifest)
kubectl create deployment nginx --image=nginx       # start a single instance of nginx

# create a Job which prints "Hello World"
kubectl create job hello --image=busybox:1.28 -- echo "Hello World"

# create a CronJob that prints "Hello World" every minute
kubectl create cronjob hello --image=busybox:1.28   --schedule="*/1 * * * *" -- echo "Hello World"

kubectl explain pods                           # get the documentation for pod manifests

# Create multiple YAML objects from stdin
kubectl apply -f - <<EOF
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  name: busybox-sleep
spec:
  containers:
  - name: busybox
    image: busybox:1.28
    args:
    - sleep
    - "1000000"
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  name: busybox-sleep-less
spec:
  containers:
  - name: busybox
    image: busybox:1.28
    args:
    - sleep
    - "1000"
EOF

# Create a secret with several keys
kubectl apply -f - <<EOF
apiVersion: v1
kind: Secret
metadata:
  name: mysecret
type: Opaque
data:
  password: $(echo -n "s33msi4" | base64 -w0)
  username: $(echo -n "jane" | base64 -w0)
EOF

Viewing and finding resources

# Get commands with basic output
kubectl get services                          # List all services in the namespace
kubectl get pods --all-namespaces             # List all pods in all namespaces
kubectl get pods -o wide                      # List all pods in the current namespace, with more details
kubectl get deployment my-dep                 # List a particular deployment
kubectl get pods                              # List all pods in the namespace
kubectl get pod my-pod -o yaml                # Get a pod's YAML

# Describe commands with verbose output
kubectl describe nodes my-node
kubectl describe pods my-pod

# List Services Sorted by Name
kubectl get services --sort-by=.metadata.name

# List pods Sorted by Restart Count
kubectl get pods --sort-by='.status.containerStatuses[0].restartCount'

# List PersistentVolumes sorted by capacity
kubectl get pv --sort-by=.spec.capacity.storage

# Get the version label of all pods with label app=cassandra
kubectl get pods --selector=app=cassandra -o \
  jsonpath='{.items[*].metadata.labels.version}'

# Retrieve the value of a key with dots, e.g. 'ca.crt'
kubectl get configmap myconfig \
  -o jsonpath='{.data.ca\.crt}'

# Retrieve a base64 encoded value with dashes instead of underscores.
kubectl get secret my-secret --template='{{index .data "key-name-with-dashes"}}'

# Get all worker nodes (use a selector to exclude results that have a label
# named 'node-role.kubernetes.io/control-plane')
kubectl get node --selector='!node-role.kubernetes.io/control-plane'

# Get all running pods in the namespace
kubectl get pods --field-selector=status.phase=Running

# Get ExternalIPs of all nodes
kubectl get nodes -o jsonpath='{.items[*].status.addresses[?(@.type=="ExternalIP")].address}'

# List Names of Pods that belong to Particular RC
# "jq" command useful for transformations that are too complex for jsonpath, it can be found at https://jqlang.github.io/jq/
sel=${$(kubectl get rc my-rc --output=json | jq -j '.spec.selector | to_entries | .[] | "\(.key)=\(.value),"')%?}
echo $(kubectl get pods --selector=$sel --output=jsonpath={.items..metadata.name})

# Show labels for all pods (or any other Kubernetes object that supports labelling)
kubectl get pods --show-labels

# Check which nodes are ready
JSONPATH='{range .items[*]}{@.metadata.name}:{range @.status.conditions[*]}{@.type}={@.status};{end}{end}' \
 && kubectl get nodes -o jsonpath="$JSONPATH" | grep "Ready=True"

# Check which nodes are ready with custom-columns
kubectl get node -o custom-columns='NODE_NAME:.metadata.name,STATUS:.status.conditions[?(@.type=="Ready")].status'

# Output decoded secrets without external tools
kubectl get secret my-secret -o go-template='{{range $k,$v := .data}}{{"### "}}{{$k}}{{"\n"}}{{$v|base64decode}}{{"\n\n"}}{{end}}'

# List all Secrets currently in use by a pod
kubectl get pods -o json | jq '.items[].spec.containers[].env[]?.valueFrom.secretKeyRef.name' | grep -v null | sort | uniq

# List all containerIDs of initContainer of all pods
# Helpful when cleaning up stopped containers, while avoiding removal of initContainers.
kubectl get pods --all-namespaces -o jsonpath='{range .items[*].status.initContainerStatuses[*]}{.containerID}{"\n"}{end}' | cut -d/ -f3

# List Events sorted by timestamp
kubectl get events --sort-by=.metadata.creationTimestamp

# List all warning events
kubectl events --types=Warning

# Compares the current state of the cluster against the state that the cluster would be in if the manifest was applied.
kubectl diff -f ./my-manifest.yaml

# Produce a period-delimited tree of all keys returned for nodes
# Helpful when locating a key within a complex nested JSON structure
kubectl get nodes -o json | jq -c 'paths|join(".")'

# Produce a period-delimited tree of all keys returned for pods, etc
kubectl get pods -o json | jq -c 'paths|join(".")'

# Produce ENV for all pods, assuming you have a default container for the pods, default namespace and the `env` command is supported.
# Helpful when running any supported command across all pods, not just `env`
for pod in $(kubectl get po --output=jsonpath={.items..metadata.name}); do echo $pod && kubectl exec -it $pod -- env; done

# Get a deployment's status subresource
kubectl get deployment nginx-deployment --subresource=status

Updating resources

kubectl set image deployment/frontend www=image:v2               # Rolling update "www" containers of "frontend" deployment, updating the image
kubectl rollout history deployment/frontend                      # Check the history of deployments including the revision
kubectl rollout undo deployment/frontend                         # Rollback to the previous deployment
kubectl rollout undo deployment/frontend --to-revision=2         # Rollback to a specific revision
kubectl rollout status -w deployment/frontend                    # Watch rolling update status of "frontend" deployment until completion
kubectl rollout restart deployment/frontend                      # Rolling restart of the "frontend" deployment


cat pod.json | kubectl replace -f -                              # Replace a pod based on the JSON passed into stdin

# Force replace, delete and then re-create the resource. Will cause a service outage.
kubectl replace --force -f ./pod.json

# Create a service for a replicated nginx, which serves on port 80 and connects to the containers on port 8000
kubectl expose rc nginx --port=80 --target-port=8000

# Update a single-container pod's image version (tag) to v4
kubectl get pod mypod -o yaml | sed 's/\(image: myimage\):.*$/\1:v4/' | kubectl replace -f -

kubectl label pods my-pod new-label=awesome                      # Add a Label
kubectl label pods my-pod new-label-                             # Remove a label
kubectl label pods my-pod new-label=new-value --overwrite        # Overwrite an existing value
kubectl annotate pods my-pod icon-url=http://goo.gl/XXBTWq       # Add an annotation
kubectl annotate pods my-pod icon-url-                           # Remove annotation
kubectl autoscale deployment foo --min=2 --max=10                # Auto scale a deployment "foo"

Patching resources

# Partially update a node
kubectl patch node k8s-node-1 -p '{"spec":{"unschedulable":true}}'

# Update a container's image; spec.containers[*].name is required because it's a merge key
kubectl patch pod valid-pod -p '{"spec":{"containers":[{"name":"kubernetes-serve-hostname","image":"new image"}]}}'

# Update a container's image using a json patch with positional arrays
kubectl patch pod valid-pod --type='json' -p='[{"op": "replace", "path": "/spec/containers/0/image", "value":"new image"}]'

# Disable a deployment livenessProbe using a json patch with positional arrays
kubectl patch deployment valid-deployment  --type json   -p='[{"op": "remove", "path": "/spec/template/spec/containers/0/livenessProbe"}]'

# Add a new element to a positional array
kubectl patch sa default --type='json' -p='[{"op": "add", "path": "/secrets/1", "value": {"name": "whatever" } }]'

# Update a deployment's replica count by patching its scale subresource
kubectl patch deployment nginx-deployment --subresource='scale' --type='merge' -p '{"spec":{"replicas":2}}'

Editing resources

Edit any API resource in your preferred editor.

kubectl edit svc/docker-registry                      # Edit the service named docker-registry
KUBE_EDITOR="nano" kubectl edit svc/docker-registry   # Use an alternative editor

Scaling resources

kubectl scale --replicas=3 rs/foo                                 # Scale a replicaset named 'foo' to 3
kubectl scale --replicas=3 -f foo.yaml                            # Scale a resource specified in "foo.yaml" to 3
kubectl scale --current-replicas=2 --replicas=3 deployment/mysql  # If the deployment named mysql's current size is 2, scale mysql to 3
kubectl scale --replicas=5 rc/foo rc/bar rc/baz                   # Scale multiple replication controllers

Deleting resources

kubectl delete -f ./pod.json                                      # Delete a pod using the type and name specified in pod.json
kubectl delete pod unwanted --now                                 # Delete a pod with no grace period
kubectl delete pod,service baz foo                                # Delete pods and services with same names "baz" and "foo"
kubectl delete pods,services -l name=myLabel                      # Delete pods and services with label name=myLabel
kubectl -n my-ns delete pod,svc --all                             # Delete all pods and services in namespace my-ns,
# Delete all pods matching the awk pattern1 or pattern2
kubectl get pods  -n mynamespace --no-headers=true | awk '/pattern1|pattern2/{print $1}' | xargs  kubectl delete -n mynamespace pod

Interacting with running Pods

kubectl logs my-pod                                 # dump pod logs (stdout)
kubectl logs -l name=myLabel                        # dump pod logs, with label name=myLabel (stdout)
kubectl logs my-pod --previous                      # dump pod logs (stdout) for a previous instantiation of a container
kubectl logs my-pod -c my-container                 # dump pod container logs (stdout, multi-container case)
kubectl logs -l name=myLabel -c my-container        # dump pod container logs, with label name=myLabel (stdout)
kubectl logs my-pod -c my-container --previous      # dump pod container logs (stdout, multi-container case) for a previous instantiation of a container
kubectl logs -f my-pod                              # stream pod logs (stdout)
kubectl logs -f my-pod -c my-container              # stream pod container logs (stdout, multi-container case)
kubectl logs -f -l name=myLabel --all-containers    # stream all pods logs with label name=myLabel (stdout)
kubectl run -i --tty busybox --image=busybox:1.28 -- sh  # Run pod as interactive shell
kubectl run nginx --image=nginx -n mynamespace      # Start a single instance of nginx pod in the namespace of mynamespace
kubectl run nginx --image=nginx --dry-run=client -o yaml > pod.yaml
                                                    # Generate spec for running pod nginx and write it into a file called pod.yaml
kubectl attach my-pod -i                            # Attach to Running Container
kubectl port-forward my-pod 5000:6000               # Listen on port 5000 on the local machine and forward to port 6000 on my-pod
kubectl exec my-pod -- ls /                         # Run command in existing pod (1 container case)
kubectl exec --stdin --tty my-pod -- /bin/sh        # Interactive shell access to a running pod (1 container case)
kubectl exec my-pod -c my-container -- ls /         # Run command in existing pod (multi-container case)
kubectl debug my-pod -it --image=busybox:1.28       # Create an interactive debugging session witin existing pod and immediately attach to it
kubectl debug node/my-node -it --image=busybox:1.28 # Create an interactive debugging session on a node and immediately attach to it
kubectl top pod                                     # Show metrics for all pods in the default namespace
kubectl top pod POD_NAME --containers               # Show metrics for a given pod and its containers
kubectl top pod POD_NAME --sort-by=cpu              # Show metrics for a given pod and sort it by 'cpu' or 'memory'

Copying files and directories to and from containers

kubectl cp /tmp/foo_dir my-pod:/tmp/bar_dir            # Copy /tmp/foo_dir local directory to /tmp/bar_dir in a remote pod in the current namespace
kubectl cp /tmp/foo my-pod:/tmp/bar -c my-container    # Copy /tmp/foo local file to /tmp/bar in a remote pod in a specific container
kubectl cp /tmp/foo my-namespace/my-pod:/tmp/bar       # Copy /tmp/foo local file to /tmp/bar in a remote pod in namespace my-namespace
kubectl cp my-namespace/my-pod:/tmp/foo /tmp/bar       # Copy /tmp/foo from a remote pod to /tmp/bar locally
tar cf - /tmp/foo | kubectl exec -i -n my-namespace my-pod -- tar xf - -C /tmp/bar           # Copy /tmp/foo local file to /tmp/bar in a remote pod in namespace my-namespace
kubectl exec -n my-namespace my-pod -- tar cf - /tmp/foo | tar xf - -C /tmp/bar    # Copy /tmp/foo from a remote pod to /tmp/bar locally

Interacting with Deployments and Services

kubectl logs deploy/my-deployment                         # dump Pod logs for a Deployment (single-container case)
kubectl logs deploy/my-deployment -c my-container         # dump Pod logs for a Deployment (multi-container case)

kubectl port-forward svc/my-service 5000                  # listen on local port 5000 and forward to port 5000 on Service backend
kubectl port-forward svc/my-service 5000:my-service-port  # listen on local port 5000 and forward to Service target port with name <my-service-port>

kubectl port-forward deploy/my-deployment 5000:6000       # listen on local port 5000 and forward to port 6000 on a Pod created by <my-deployment>
kubectl exec deploy/my-deployment -- ls                   # run command in first Pod and first container in Deployment (single- or multi-container cases)

Interacting with Nodes and cluster

kubectl cordon my-node                                                # Mark my-node as unschedulable
kubectl drain my-node                                                 # Drain my-node in preparation for maintenance
kubectl uncordon my-node                                              # Mark my-node as schedulable
kubectl top node                                                      # Show metrics for all nodes
kubectl top node my-node                                              # Show metrics for a given node
kubectl cluster-info                                                  # Display addresses of the master and services
kubectl cluster-info dump                                             # Dump current cluster state to stdout
kubectl cluster-info dump --output-directory=/path/to/cluster-state   # Dump current cluster state to /path/to/cluster-state

# View existing taints on which exist on current nodes.
kubectl get nodes -o='custom-columns=NodeName:.metadata.name,TaintKey:.spec.taints[*].key,TaintValue:.spec.taints[*].value,TaintEffect:.spec.taints[*].effect'

# If a taint with that key and effect already exists, its value is replaced as specified.
kubectl taint nodes foo dedicated=special-user:NoSchedule

Resource types

List all supported resource types along with their shortnames, API group, whether they are namespaced, and kind:

kubectl api-resources

Other operations for exploring API resources:

kubectl api-resources --namespaced=true      # All namespaced resources
kubectl api-resources --namespaced=false     # All non-namespaced resources
kubectl api-resources -o name                # All resources with simple output (only the resource name)
kubectl api-resources -o wide                # All resources with expanded (aka "wide") output
kubectl api-resources --verbs=list,get       # All resources that support the "list" and "get" request verbs
kubectl api-resources --api-group=extensions # All resources in the "extensions" API group

Formatting output

To output details to your terminal window in a specific format, add the -o (or --output) flag to a supported kubectl command.

Output formatDescription
-o=custom-columns=<spec>Print a table using a comma separated list of custom columns
-o=custom-columns-file=<filename>Print a table using the custom columns template in the <filename> file
-o=go-template=<template>Print the fields defined in a golang template
-o=go-template-file=<filename>Print the fields defined by the golang template in the <filename> file
-o=jsonOutput a JSON formatted API object
-o=jsonpath=<template>Print the fields defined in a jsonpath expression
-o=jsonpath-file=<filename>Print the fields defined by the jsonpath expression in the <filename> file
-o=namePrint only the resource name and nothing else
-o=wideOutput in the plain-text format with any additional information, and for pods, the node name is included
-o=yamlOutput a YAML formatted API object

Examples using -o=custom-columns:

# All images running in a cluster
kubectl get pods -A -o=custom-columns='DATA:spec.containers[*].image'

# All images running in namespace: default, grouped by Pod
kubectl get pods --namespace default --output=custom-columns="NAME:.metadata.name,IMAGE:.spec.containers[*].image"

 # All images excluding "registry.k8s.io/coredns:1.6.2"
kubectl get pods -A -o=custom-columns='DATA:spec.containers[?(@.image!="registry.k8s.io/coredns:1.6.2")].image'

# All fields under metadata regardless of name
kubectl get pods -A -o=custom-columns='DATA:metadata.*'

More examples in the kubectl reference documentation.

Kubectl output verbosity and debugging

Kubectl verbosity is controlled with the -v or --v flags followed by an integer representing the log level. General Kubernetes logging conventions and the associated log levels are described here.

VerbosityDescription
--v=0Generally useful for this to always be visible to a cluster operator.
--v=1A reasonable default log level if you don't want verbosity.
--v=2Useful steady state information about the service and important log messages that may correlate to significant changes in the system. This is the recommended default log level for most systems.
--v=3Extended information about changes.
--v=4Debug level verbosity.
--v=5Trace level verbosity.
--v=6Display requested resources.
--v=7Display HTTP request headers.
--v=8Display HTTP request contents.
--v=9Display HTTP request contents without truncation of contents.

What's next

3 - kubectl reference

3.1 - kubectl

Synopsis

kubectl controls the Kubernetes cluster manager.

Find more information at: https://kubernetes.io/docs/reference/kubectl/

kubectl [flags]

Options

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

-h, --help

help for kubectl

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

3.2 - kubectl annotate

Synopsis

Update the annotations on one or more resources.

All Kubernetes objects support the ability to store additional data with the object as annotations. Annotations are key/value pairs that can be larger than labels and include arbitrary string values such as structured JSON. Tools and system extensions may use annotations to store their own data.

Attempting to set an annotation that already exists will fail unless --overwrite is set. If --resource-version is specified and does not match the current resource version on the server the command will fail.

Use "kubectl api-resources" for a complete list of supported resources.

kubectl annotate [--overwrite] (-f FILENAME | TYPE NAME) KEY_1=VAL_1 ... KEY_N=VAL_N [--resource-version=version]

Examples

  # Update pod 'foo' with the annotation 'description' and the value 'my frontend'
  # If the same annotation is set multiple times, only the last value will be applied
  kubectl annotate pods foo description='my frontend'
  
  # Update a pod identified by type and name in "pod.json"
  kubectl annotate -f pod.json description='my frontend'
  
  # Update pod 'foo' with the annotation 'description' and the value 'my frontend running nginx', overwriting any existing value
  kubectl annotate --overwrite pods foo description='my frontend running nginx'
  
  # Update all pods in the namespace
  kubectl annotate pods --all description='my frontend running nginx'
  
  # Update pod 'foo' only if the resource is unchanged from version 1
  kubectl annotate pods foo description='my frontend running nginx' --resource-version=1
  
  # Update pod 'foo' by removing an annotation named 'description' if it exists
  # Does not require the --overwrite flag
  kubectl annotate pods foo description-

Options

--all

Select all resources, in the namespace of the specified resource types.

-A, --all-namespaces

If true, check the specified action in all namespaces.

--allow-missing-template-keys     Default: true

If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.

--dry-run string[="unchanged"]     Default: "none"

Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.

--field-manager string     Default: "kubectl-annotate"

Name of the manager used to track field ownership.

--field-selector string

Selector (field query) to filter on, supports '=', '==', and '!='.(e.g. --field-selector key1=value1,key2=value2). The server only supports a limited number of field queries per type.

-f, --filename strings

Filename, directory, or URL to files identifying the resource to update the annotation

-h, --help

help for annotate

-k, --kustomize string

Process the kustomization directory. This flag can't be used together with -f or -R.

--list

If true, display the annotations for a given resource.

--local

If true, annotation will NOT contact api-server but run locally.

-o, --output string

Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).

--overwrite

If true, allow annotations to be overwritten, otherwise reject annotation updates that overwrite existing annotations.

-R, --recursive

Process the directory used in -f, --filename recursively. Useful when you want to manage related manifests organized within the same directory.

--resource-version string

If non-empty, the annotation update will only succeed if this is the current resource-version for the object. Only valid when specifying a single resource.

-l, --selector string

Selector (label query) to filter on, supports '=', '==', and '!='.(e.g. -l key1=value1,key2=value2). Matching objects must satisfy all of the specified label constraints.

--show-managed-fields

If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.

--template string

Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

  • kubectl - kubectl controls the Kubernetes cluster manager

3.3 - kubectl api-resources

Synopsis

Print the supported API resources on the server.

kubectl api-resources [flags]

Examples

  # Print the supported API resources
  kubectl api-resources
  
  # Print the supported API resources with more information
  kubectl api-resources -o wide
  
  # Print the supported API resources sorted by a column
  kubectl api-resources --sort-by=name
  
  # Print the supported namespaced resources
  kubectl api-resources --namespaced=true
  
  # Print the supported non-namespaced resources
  kubectl api-resources --namespaced=false
  
  # Print the supported API resources with a specific APIGroup
  kubectl api-resources --api-group=rbac.authorization.k8s.io

Options

--api-group string

Limit to resources in the specified API group.

--cached

Use the cached list of resources if available.

--categories strings

Limit to resources that belong to the specified categories.

-h, --help

help for api-resources

--namespaced     Default: true

If false, non-namespaced resources will be returned, otherwise returning namespaced resources by default.

--no-headers

When using the default or custom-column output format, don't print headers (default print headers).

-o, --output string

Output format. One of: (wide, name).

--sort-by string

If non-empty, sort list of resources using specified field. The field can be either 'name' or 'kind'.

--verbs strings

Limit to resources that support the specified verbs.

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

  • kubectl - kubectl controls the Kubernetes cluster manager

3.4 - kubectl api-versions

Synopsis

Print the supported API versions on the server, in the form of "group/version".

kubectl api-versions

Examples

  # Print the supported API versions
  kubectl api-versions

Options

-h, --help

help for api-versions

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

  • kubectl - kubectl controls the Kubernetes cluster manager

3.5 - kubectl apply

Synopsis

Apply a configuration to a resource by file name or stdin. The resource name must be specified. This resource will be created if it doesn't exist yet. To use 'apply', always create the resource initially with either 'apply' or 'create --save-config'.

JSON and YAML formats are accepted.

Alpha Disclaimer: the --prune functionality is not yet complete. Do not use unless you are aware of what the current state is. See https://issues.k8s.io/34274.

kubectl apply (-f FILENAME | -k DIRECTORY)

Examples

  # Apply the configuration in pod.json to a pod
  kubectl apply -f ./pod.json
  
  # Apply resources from a directory containing kustomization.yaml - e.g. dir/kustomization.yaml
  kubectl apply -k dir/
  
  # Apply the JSON passed into stdin to a pod
  cat pod.json | kubectl apply -f -
  
  # Apply the configuration from all files that end with '.json'
  kubectl apply -f '*.json'
  
  # Note: --prune is still in Alpha
  # Apply the configuration in manifest.yaml that matches label app=nginx and delete all other resources that are not in the file and match label app=nginx
  kubectl apply --prune -f manifest.yaml -l app=nginx
  
  # Apply the configuration in manifest.yaml and delete all the other config maps that are not in the file
  kubectl apply --prune -f manifest.yaml --all --prune-allowlist=core/v1/ConfigMap

Options

--all

Select all resources in the namespace of the specified resource types.

--allow-missing-template-keys     Default: true

If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.

--cascade string[="background"]     Default: "background"

Must be "background", "orphan", or "foreground". Selects the deletion cascading strategy for the dependents (e.g. Pods created by a ReplicationController). Defaults to background.

--dry-run string[="unchanged"]     Default: "none"

Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.

--field-manager string     Default: "kubectl-client-side-apply"

Name of the manager used to track field ownership.

-f, --filename strings

The files that contain the configurations to apply.

--force

If true, immediately remove resources from API and bypass graceful deletion. Note that immediate deletion of some resources may result in inconsistency or data loss and requires confirmation.

--force-conflicts

If true, server-side apply will force the changes against conflicts.

--grace-period int     Default: -1

Period of time in seconds given to the resource to terminate gracefully. Ignored if negative. Set to 1 for immediate shutdown. Can only be set to 0 when --force is true (force deletion).

-h, --help

help for apply

-k, --kustomize string

Process a kustomization directory. This flag can't be used together with -f or -R.

--openapi-patch     Default: true

If true, use openapi to calculate diff when the openapi presents and the resource can be found in the openapi spec. Otherwise, fall back to use baked-in types.

-o, --output string

Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).

--overwrite     Default: true

Automatically resolve conflicts between the modified and live configuration by using values from the modified configuration

--prune

Automatically delete resource objects, that do not appear in the configs and are created by either apply or create --save-config. Should be used with either -l or --all.

--prune-allowlist strings

Overwrite the default allowlist with <group/version/kind> for --prune

-R, --recursive

Process the directory used in -f, --filename recursively. Useful when you want to manage related manifests organized within the same directory.

-l, --selector string

Selector (label query) to filter on, supports '=', '==', and '!='.(e.g. -l key1=value1,key2=value2). Matching objects must satisfy all of the specified label constraints.

--server-side

If true, apply runs in the server instead of the client.

--show-managed-fields

If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.

--template string

Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].

--timeout duration

The length of time to wait before giving up on a delete, zero means determine a timeout from the size of the object

--validate string[="strict"]     Default: "strict"

Must be one of: strict (or true), warn, ignore (or false).
"true" or "strict" will use a schema to validate the input and fail the request if invalid. It will perform server side validation if ServerSideFieldValidation is enabled on the api-server, but will fall back to less reliable client-side validation if not.
"warn" will warn about unknown or duplicate fields without blocking the request if server-side field validation is enabled on the API server, and behave as "ignore" otherwise.
"false" or "ignore" will not perform any schema validation, silently dropping any unknown or duplicate fields.

--wait

If true, wait for resources to be gone before returning. This waits for finalizers.

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

3.5.1 - kubectl apply edit-last-applied

Synopsis

Edit the latest last-applied-configuration annotations of resources from the default editor.

The edit-last-applied command allows you to directly edit any API resource you can retrieve via the command-line tools. It will open the editor defined by your KUBE_EDITOR, or EDITOR environment variables, or fall back to 'vi' for Linux or 'notepad' for Windows. You can edit multiple objects, although changes are applied one at a time. The command accepts file names as well as command-line arguments, although the files you point to must be previously saved versions of resources.

The default format is YAML. To edit in JSON, specify "-o json".

The flag --windows-line-endings can be used to force Windows line endings, otherwise the default for your operating system will be used.

In the event an error occurs while updating, a temporary file will be created on disk that contains your unapplied changes. The most common error when updating a resource is another editor changing the resource on the server. When this occurs, you will have to apply your changes to the newer version of the resource, or update your temporary saved copy to include the latest resource version.

kubectl apply edit-last-applied (RESOURCE/NAME | -f FILENAME)

Examples

  # Edit the last-applied-configuration annotations by type/name in YAML
  kubectl apply edit-last-applied deployment/nginx
  
  # Edit the last-applied-configuration annotations by file in JSON
  kubectl apply edit-last-applied -f deploy.yaml -o json

Options

--allow-missing-template-keys     Default: true

If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.

--field-manager string     Default: "kubectl-client-side-apply"

Name of the manager used to track field ownership.

-f, --filename strings

Filename, directory, or URL to files to use to edit the resource

-h, --help

help for edit-last-applied

-k, --kustomize string

Process the kustomization directory. This flag can't be used together with -f or -R.

-o, --output string

Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).

-R, --recursive

Process the directory used in -f, --filename recursively. Useful when you want to manage related manifests organized within the same directory.

--show-managed-fields

If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.

--template string

Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].

--validate string[="strict"]     Default: "strict"

Must be one of: strict (or true), warn, ignore (or false).
"true" or "strict" will use a schema to validate the input and fail the request if invalid. It will perform server side validation if ServerSideFieldValidation is enabled on the api-server, but will fall back to less reliable client-side validation if not.
"warn" will warn about unknown or duplicate fields without blocking the request if server-side field validation is enabled on the API server, and behave as "ignore" otherwise.
"false" or "ignore" will not perform any schema validation, silently dropping any unknown or duplicate fields.

--windows-line-endings

Defaults to the line ending native to your platform.

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

  • kubectl apply - Apply a configuration to a resource by file name or stdin

3.5.2 - kubectl apply set-last-applied

Synopsis

Set the latest last-applied-configuration annotations by setting it to match the contents of a file. This results in the last-applied-configuration being updated as though 'kubectl apply -f<file> ' was run, without updating any other parts of the object.

kubectl apply set-last-applied -f FILENAME

Examples

  # Set the last-applied-configuration of a resource to match the contents of a file
  kubectl apply set-last-applied -f deploy.yaml
  
  # Execute set-last-applied against each configuration file in a directory
  kubectl apply set-last-applied -f path/
  
  # Set the last-applied-configuration of a resource to match the contents of a file; will create the annotation if it does not already exist
  kubectl apply set-last-applied -f deploy.yaml --create-annotation=true

Options

--allow-missing-template-keys     Default: true

If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.

--create-annotation

Will create 'last-applied-configuration' annotations if current objects doesn't have one

--dry-run string[="unchanged"]     Default: "none"

Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.

-f, --filename strings

Filename, directory, or URL to files that contains the last-applied-configuration annotations

-h, --help

help for set-last-applied

-o, --output string

Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).

--show-managed-fields

If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.

--template string

Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

  • kubectl apply - Apply a configuration to a resource by file name or stdin

3.5.3 - kubectl apply view-last-applied

Synopsis

View the latest last-applied-configuration annotations by type/name or file.

The default output will be printed to stdout in YAML format. You can use the -o option to change the output format.

kubectl apply view-last-applied (TYPE [NAME | -l label] | TYPE/NAME | -f FILENAME)

Examples

  # View the last-applied-configuration annotations by type/name in YAML
  kubectl apply view-last-applied deployment/nginx
  
  # View the last-applied-configuration annotations by file in JSON
  kubectl apply view-last-applied -f deploy.yaml -o json

Options

--all

Select all resources in the namespace of the specified resource types

-f, --filename strings

Filename, directory, or URL to files that contains the last-applied-configuration annotations

-h, --help

help for view-last-applied

-k, --kustomize string

Process the kustomization directory. This flag can't be used together with -f or -R.

-o, --output string     Default: "yaml"

Output format. Must be one of (yaml, json)

-R, --recursive

Process the directory used in -f, --filename recursively. Useful when you want to manage related manifests organized within the same directory.

-l, --selector string

Selector (label query) to filter on, supports '=', '==', and '!='.(e.g. -l key1=value1,key2=value2). Matching objects must satisfy all of the specified label constraints.

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

  • kubectl apply - Apply a configuration to a resource by file name or stdin

3.6 - kubectl attach

Synopsis

Attach to a process that is already running inside an existing container.

kubectl attach (POD | TYPE/NAME) -c CONTAINER

Examples

  # Get output from running pod mypod; use the 'kubectl.kubernetes.io/default-container' annotation
  # for selecting the container to be attached or the first container in the pod will be chosen
  kubectl attach mypod
  
  # Get output from ruby-container from pod mypod
  kubectl attach mypod -c ruby-container
  
  # Switch to raw terminal mode; sends stdin to 'bash' in ruby-container from pod mypod
  # and sends stdout/stderr from 'bash' back to the client
  kubectl attach mypod -c ruby-container -i -t
  
  # Get output from the first pod of a replica set named nginx
  kubectl attach rs/nginx

Options

-c, --container string

Container name. If omitted, use the kubectl.kubernetes.io/default-container annotation for selecting the container to be attached or the first container in the pod will be chosen

-h, --help

help for attach

--pod-running-timeout duration     Default: 1m0s

The length of time (like 5s, 2m, or 3h, higher than zero) to wait until at least one pod is running

-q, --quiet

Only print output from the remote session

-i, --stdin

Pass stdin to the container

-t, --tty

Stdin is a TTY

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

  • kubectl - kubectl controls the Kubernetes cluster manager

3.7 - kubectl auth

Synopsis

Inspect authorization.

kubectl auth [flags]

Options

-h, --help

help for auth

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

3.7.1 - kubectl auth can-i

Synopsis

Check whether an action is allowed.

VERB is a logical Kubernetes API verb like 'get', 'list', 'watch', 'delete', etc. TYPE is a Kubernetes resource. Shortcuts and groups will be resolved. NONRESOURCEURL is a partial URL that starts with "/". NAME is the name of a particular Kubernetes resource. This command pairs nicely with impersonation. See --as global flag.

kubectl auth can-i VERB [TYPE | TYPE/NAME | NONRESOURCEURL]

Examples

  # Check to see if I can create pods in any namespace
  kubectl auth can-i create pods --all-namespaces
  
  # Check to see if I can list deployments in my current namespace
  kubectl auth can-i list deployments.apps
  
  # Check to see if service account "foo" of namespace "dev" can list pods
  # in the namespace "prod".
  # You must be allowed to use impersonation for the global option "--as".
  kubectl auth can-i list pods --as=system:serviceaccount:dev:foo -n prod
  
  # Check to see if I can do everything in my current namespace ("*" means all)
  kubectl auth can-i '*' '*'
  
  # Check to see if I can get the job named "bar" in namespace "foo"
  kubectl auth can-i list jobs.batch/bar -n foo
  
  # Check to see if I can read pod logs
  kubectl auth can-i get pods --subresource=log
  
  # Check to see if I can access the URL /logs/
  kubectl auth can-i get /logs/
  
  # List all allowed actions in namespace "foo"
  kubectl auth can-i --list --namespace=foo

Options

-A, --all-namespaces

If true, check the specified action in all namespaces.

-h, --help

help for can-i

--list

If true, prints all allowed actions.

--no-headers

If true, prints allowed actions without headers

-q, --quiet

If true, suppress output and just return the exit code.

--subresource string

SubResource such as pod/log or deployment/scale

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

3.7.2 - kubectl auth reconcile

Synopsis

Reconciles rules for RBAC role, role binding, cluster role, and cluster role binding objects.

Missing objects are created, and the containing namespace is created for namespaced objects, if required.

Existing roles are updated to include the permissions in the input objects, and remove extra permissions if --remove-extra-permissions is specified.

Existing bindings are updated to include the subjects in the input objects, and remove extra subjects if --remove-extra-subjects is specified.

This is preferred to 'apply' for RBAC resources so that semantically-aware merging of rules and subjects is done.

kubectl auth reconcile -f FILENAME

Examples

  # Reconcile RBAC resources from a file
  kubectl auth reconcile -f my-rbac-rules.yaml

Options

--allow-missing-template-keys     Default: true

If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.

--dry-run string[="unchanged"]     Default: "none"

Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.

-f, --filename strings

Filename, directory, or URL to files identifying the resource to reconcile.

-h, --help

help for reconcile

-k, --kustomize string

Process the kustomization directory. This flag can't be used together with -f or -R.

-o, --output string

Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).

-R, --recursive

Process the directory used in -f, --filename recursively. Useful when you want to manage related manifests organized within the same directory.

--remove-extra-permissions

If true, removes extra permissions added to roles

--remove-extra-subjects

If true, removes extra subjects added to rolebindings

--show-managed-fields

If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.

--template string

Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

3.7.3 - kubectl auth whoami

Synopsis

Experimental: Check who you are and your attributes (groups, extra).

    This command is helpful to get yourself aware of the current user attributes,
    especially when dynamic authentication, e.g., token webhook, auth proxy, or OIDC provider,
    is enabled in the Kubernetes cluster.
kubectl auth whoami

Examples

  # Get your subject attributes.
  kubectl auth whoami
  
  # Get your subject attributes in JSON format.
  kubectl auth whoami -o json

Options

--allow-missing-template-keys     Default: true

If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.

-h, --help

help for whoami

-o, --output string

Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).

--show-managed-fields

If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.

--template string

Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

3.8 - kubectl autoscale

Synopsis

Creates an autoscaler that automatically chooses and sets the number of pods that run in a Kubernetes cluster.

Looks up a deployment, replica set, stateful set, or replication controller by name and creates an autoscaler that uses the given resource as a reference. An autoscaler can automatically increase or decrease number of pods deployed within the system as needed.

kubectl autoscale (-f FILENAME | TYPE NAME | TYPE/NAME) [--min=MINPODS] --max=MAXPODS [--cpu-percent=CPU]

Examples

  # Auto scale a deployment "foo", with the number of pods between 2 and 10, no target CPU utilization specified so a default autoscaling policy will be used
  kubectl autoscale deployment foo --min=2 --max=10
  
  # Auto scale a replication controller "foo", with the number of pods between 1 and 5, target CPU utilization at 80%
  kubectl autoscale rc foo --max=5 --cpu-percent=80

Options

--allow-missing-template-keys     Default: true

If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.

--cpu-percent int32     Default: -1

The target average CPU utilization (represented as a percent of requested CPU) over all the pods. If it's not specified or negative, a default autoscaling policy will be used.

--dry-run string[="unchanged"]     Default: "none"

Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.

--field-manager string     Default: "kubectl-autoscale"

Name of the manager used to track field ownership.

-f, --filename strings

Filename, directory, or URL to files identifying the resource to autoscale.

-h, --help

help for autoscale

-k, --kustomize string

Process the kustomization directory. This flag can't be used together with -f or -R.

--max int32     Default: -1

The upper limit for the number of pods that can be set by the autoscaler. Required.

--min int32     Default: -1

The lower limit for the number of pods that can be set by the autoscaler. If it's not specified or negative, the server will apply a default value.

--name string

The name for the newly created object. If not specified, the name of the input resource will be used.

-o, --output string

Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).

-R, --recursive

Process the directory used in -f, --filename recursively. Useful when you want to manage related manifests organized within the same directory.

--save-config

If true, the configuration of current object will be saved in its annotation. Otherwise, the annotation will be unchanged. This flag is useful when you want to perform kubectl apply on this object in the future.

--show-managed-fields

If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.

--template string

Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

  • kubectl - kubectl controls the Kubernetes cluster manager

3.9 - kubectl certificate

Synopsis

Modify certificate resources.

kubectl certificate SUBCOMMAND

Options

-h, --help

help for certificate

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

3.9.1 - kubectl certificate approve

Synopsis

Approve a certificate signing request.

kubectl certificate approve allows a cluster admin to approve a certificate signing request (CSR). This action tells a certificate signing controller to issue a certificate to the requester with the attributes requested in the CSR.

SECURITY NOTICE: Depending on the requested attributes, the issued certificate can potentially grant a requester access to cluster resources or to authenticate as a requested identity. Before approving a CSR, ensure you understand what the signed certificate can do.

kubectl certificate approve (-f FILENAME | NAME)

Examples

  # Approve CSR 'csr-sqgzp'
  kubectl certificate approve csr-sqgzp

Options

--allow-missing-template-keys     Default: true

If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.

-f, --filename strings

Filename, directory, or URL to files identifying the resource to update

--force

Update the CSR even if it is already approved.

-h, --help

help for approve

-k, --kustomize string

Process the kustomization directory. This flag can't be used together with -f or -R.

-o, --output string

Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).

-R, --recursive

Process the directory used in -f, --filename recursively. Useful when you want to manage related manifests organized within the same directory.

--show-managed-fields

If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.

--template string

Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

3.9.2 - kubectl certificate deny

Synopsis

Deny a certificate signing request.

kubectl certificate deny allows a cluster admin to deny a certificate signing request (CSR). This action tells a certificate signing controller to not to issue a certificate to the requester.

kubectl certificate deny (-f FILENAME | NAME)

Examples

  # Deny CSR 'csr-sqgzp'
  kubectl certificate deny csr-sqgzp

Options

--allow-missing-template-keys     Default: true

If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.

-f, --filename strings

Filename, directory, or URL to files identifying the resource to update

--force

Update the CSR even if it is already denied.

-h, --help

help for deny

-k, --kustomize string

Process the kustomization directory. This flag can't be used together with -f or -R.

-o, --output string

Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).

-R, --recursive

Process the directory used in -f, --filename recursively. Useful when you want to manage related manifests organized within the same directory.

--show-managed-fields

If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.

--template string

Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

3.10 - kubectl cluster-info

Synopsis

Display addresses of the control plane and services with label kubernetes.io/cluster-service=true. To further debug and diagnose cluster problems, use 'kubectl cluster-info dump'.

kubectl cluster-info [flags]

Examples

  # Print the address of the control plane and cluster services
  kubectl cluster-info

Options

-h, --help

help for cluster-info

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

3.10.1 - kubectl cluster-info dump

Synopsis

Dump cluster information out suitable for debugging and diagnosing cluster problems. By default, dumps everything to stdout. You can optionally specify a directory with --output-directory. If you specify a directory, Kubernetes will build a set of files in that directory. By default, only dumps things in the current namespace and 'kube-system' namespace, but you can switch to a different namespace with the --namespaces flag, or specify --all-namespaces to dump all namespaces.

The command also dumps the logs of all of the pods in the cluster; these logs are dumped into different directories based on namespace and pod name.

kubectl cluster-info dump [flags]

Examples

  # Dump current cluster state to stdout
  kubectl cluster-info dump
  
  # Dump current cluster state to /path/to/cluster-state
  kubectl cluster-info dump --output-directory=/path/to/cluster-state
  
  # Dump all namespaces to stdout
  kubectl cluster-info dump --all-namespaces
  
  # Dump a set of namespaces to /path/to/cluster-state
  kubectl cluster-info dump --namespaces default,kube-system --output-directory=/path/to/cluster-state

Options

-A, --all-namespaces

If true, dump all namespaces. If true, --namespaces is ignored.

--allow-missing-template-keys     Default: true

If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.

-h, --help

help for dump

--namespaces strings

A comma separated list of namespaces to dump.

-o, --output string     Default: "json"

Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).

--output-directory string

Where to output the files. If empty or '-' uses stdout, otherwise creates a directory hierarchy in that directory

--pod-running-timeout duration     Default: 20s

The length of time (like 5s, 2m, or 3h, higher than zero) to wait until at least one pod is running

--show-managed-fields

If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.

--template string

Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

3.11 - kubectl completion

Synopsis

Output shell completion code for the specified shell (bash, zsh, fish, or powershell). The shell code must be evaluated to provide interactive completion of kubectl commands. This can be done by sourcing it from the .bash_profile.

Detailed instructions on how to do this are available here:

    for macOS:
    https://kubernetes.io/docs/tasks/tools/install-kubectl-macos/#enable-shell-autocompletion
    
    for linux:
    https://kubernetes.io/docs/tasks/tools/install-kubectl-linux/#enable-shell-autocompletion
    
    for windows:
    https://kubernetes.io/docs/tasks/tools/install-kubectl-windows/#enable-shell-autocompletion

Note for zsh users: [1] zsh completions are only supported in versions of zsh >= 5.2.

kubectl completion SHELL

Examples

  # Installing bash completion on macOS using homebrew
  ## If running Bash 3.2 included with macOS
  brew install bash-completion
  ## or, if running Bash 4.1+
  brew install bash-completion@2
  ## If kubectl is installed via homebrew, this should start working immediately
  ## If you've installed via other means, you may need add the completion to your completion directory
  kubectl completion bash > $(brew --prefix)/etc/bash_completion.d/kubectl
  
  
  # Installing bash completion on Linux
  ## If bash-completion is not installed on Linux, install the 'bash-completion' package
  ## via your distribution's package manager.
  ## Load the kubectl completion code for bash into the current shell
  source <(kubectl completion bash)
  ## Write bash completion code to a file and source it from .bash_profile
  kubectl completion bash > ~/.kube/completion.bash.inc
  printf "
  # kubectl shell completion
  source '$HOME/.kube/completion.bash.inc'
  " >> $HOME/.bash_profile
  source $HOME/.bash_profile
  
  # Load the kubectl completion code for zsh[1] into the current shell
  source <(kubectl completion zsh)
  # Set the kubectl completion code for zsh[1] to autoload on startup
  kubectl completion zsh > "${fpath[1]}/_kubectl"
  
  
  # Load the kubectl completion code for fish[2] into the current shell
  kubectl completion fish | source
  # To load completions for each session, execute once:
  kubectl completion fish > ~/.config/fish/completions/kubectl.fish
  
  # Load the kubectl completion code for powershell into the current shell
  kubectl completion powershell | Out-String | Invoke-Expression
  # Set kubectl completion code for powershell to run on startup
  ## Save completion code to a script and execute in the profile
  kubectl completion powershell > $HOME\.kube\completion.ps1
  Add-Content $PROFILE "$HOME\.kube\completion.ps1"
  ## Execute completion code in the profile
  Add-Content $PROFILE "if (Get-Command kubectl -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue) {
  kubectl completion powershell | Out-String | Invoke-Expression
  }"
  ## Add completion code directly to the $PROFILE script
  kubectl completion powershell >> $PROFILE

Options

-h, --help

help for completion

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

  • kubectl - kubectl controls the Kubernetes cluster manager

3.12 - kubectl config

Synopsis

Modify kubeconfig files using subcommands like "kubectl config set current-context my-context".

The loading order follows these rules:

  1. If the --kubeconfig flag is set, then only that file is loaded. The flag may only be set once and no merging takes place.
  2. If $KUBECONFIG environment variable is set, then it is used as a list of paths (normal path delimiting rules for your system). These paths are merged. When a value is modified, it is modified in the file that defines the stanza. When a value is created, it is created in the first file that exists. If no files in the chain exist, then it creates the last file in the list.
  3. Otherwise, ${HOME}/.kube/config is used and no merging takes place.
kubectl config SUBCOMMAND

Options

-h, --help

help for config

--kubeconfig string

use a particular kubeconfig file

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

3.12.1 - kubectl config current-context

Synopsis

Display the current-context.

kubectl config current-context [flags]

Examples

  # Display the current-context
  kubectl config current-context

Options

-h, --help

help for current-context

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

use a particular kubeconfig file

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

3.12.2 - kubectl config delete-cluster

Synopsis

Delete the specified cluster from the kubeconfig.

kubectl config delete-cluster NAME

Examples

  # Delete the minikube cluster
  kubectl config delete-cluster minikube

Options

-h, --help

help for delete-cluster

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

use a particular kubeconfig file

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

3.12.3 - kubectl config delete-context

Synopsis

Delete the specified context from the kubeconfig.

kubectl config delete-context NAME

Examples

  # Delete the context for the minikube cluster
  kubectl config delete-context minikube

Options

-h, --help

help for delete-context

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

use a particular kubeconfig file

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

3.12.4 - kubectl config delete-user

Synopsis

Delete the specified user from the kubeconfig.

kubectl config delete-user NAME

Examples

  # Delete the minikube user
  kubectl config delete-user minikube

Options

-h, --help

help for delete-user

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

use a particular kubeconfig file

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

3.12.5 - kubectl config get-clusters

Synopsis

Display clusters defined in the kubeconfig.

kubectl config get-clusters [flags]

Examples

  # List the clusters that kubectl knows about
  kubectl config get-clusters

Options

-h, --help

help for get-clusters

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

use a particular kubeconfig file

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

3.12.6 - kubectl config get-contexts

Synopsis

Display one or many contexts from the kubeconfig file.

kubectl config get-contexts [(-o|--output=)name)]

Examples

  # List all the contexts in your kubeconfig file
  kubectl config get-contexts
  
  # Describe one context in your kubeconfig file
  kubectl config get-contexts my-context

Options

-h, --help

help for get-contexts

--no-headers

When using the default or custom-column output format, don't print headers (default print headers).

-o, --output string

Output format. One of: (name).

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

use a particular kubeconfig file

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

3.12.7 - kubectl config get-users

Synopsis

Display users defined in the kubeconfig.

kubectl config get-users [flags]

Examples

  # List the users that kubectl knows about
  kubectl config get-users

Options

-h, --help

help for get-users

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

use a particular kubeconfig file

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

3.12.8 - kubectl config rename-context

Synopsis

Renames a context from the kubeconfig file.

CONTEXT_NAME is the context name that you want to change.

NEW_NAME is the new name you want to set.

Note: If the context being renamed is the 'current-context', this field will also be updated.

kubectl config rename-context CONTEXT_NAME NEW_NAME

Examples

  # Rename the context 'old-name' to 'new-name' in your kubeconfig file
  kubectl config rename-context old-name new-name

Options

-h, --help

help for rename-context

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

use a particular kubeconfig file

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

3.12.9 - kubectl config set

Synopsis

Set an individual value in a kubeconfig file.

PROPERTY_NAME is a dot delimited name where each token represents either an attribute name or a map key. Map keys may not contain dots.

PROPERTY_VALUE is the new value you want to set. Binary fields such as 'certificate-authority-data' expect a base64 encoded string unless the --set-raw-bytes flag is used.

Specifying an attribute name that already exists will merge new fields on top of existing values.

kubectl config set PROPERTY_NAME PROPERTY_VALUE

Examples

  # Set the server field on the my-cluster cluster to https://1.2.3.4
  kubectl config set clusters.my-cluster.server https://1.2.3.4
  
  # Set the certificate-authority-data field on the my-cluster cluster
  kubectl config set clusters.my-cluster.certificate-authority-data $(echo "cert_data_here" | base64 -i -)
  
  # Set the cluster field in the my-context context to my-cluster
  kubectl config set contexts.my-context.cluster my-cluster
  
  # Set the client-key-data field in the cluster-admin user using --set-raw-bytes option
  kubectl config set users.cluster-admin.client-key-data cert_data_here --set-raw-bytes=true

Options

-h, --help

help for set

--set-raw-bytes tristate[=true]

When writing a []byte PROPERTY_VALUE, write the given string directly without base64 decoding.

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

use a particular kubeconfig file

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

3.12.10 - kubectl config set-cluster

Synopsis

Set a cluster entry in kubeconfig.

Specifying a name that already exists will merge new fields on top of existing values for those fields.

kubectl config set-cluster NAME [--server=server] [--certificate-authority=path/to/certificate/authority] [--insecure-skip-tls-verify=true] [--tls-server-name=example.com]

Examples

  # Set only the server field on the e2e cluster entry without touching other values
  kubectl config set-cluster e2e --server=https://1.2.3.4
  
  # Embed certificate authority data for the e2e cluster entry
  kubectl config set-cluster e2e --embed-certs --certificate-authority=~/.kube/e2e/kubernetes.ca.crt
  
  # Disable cert checking for the e2e cluster entry
  kubectl config set-cluster e2e --insecure-skip-tls-verify=true
  
  # Set the custom TLS server name to use for validation for the e2e cluster entry
  kubectl config set-cluster e2e --tls-server-name=my-cluster-name
  
  # Set the proxy URL for the e2e cluster entry
  kubectl config set-cluster e2e --proxy-url=https://1.2.3.4

Options

--certificate-authority string

Path to certificate-authority file for the cluster entry in kubeconfig

--embed-certs tristate[=true]

embed-certs for the cluster entry in kubeconfig

-h, --help

help for set-cluster

--insecure-skip-tls-verify tristate[=true]

insecure-skip-tls-verify for the cluster entry in kubeconfig

--proxy-url string

proxy-url for the cluster entry in kubeconfig

--server string

server for the cluster entry in kubeconfig

--tls-server-name string

tls-server-name for the cluster entry in kubeconfig

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--kubeconfig string

use a particular kubeconfig file

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

3.12.11 - kubectl config set-context

Synopsis

Set a context entry in kubeconfig.

Specifying a name that already exists will merge new fields on top of existing values for those fields.

kubectl config set-context [NAME | --current] [--cluster=cluster_nickname] [--user=user_nickname] [--namespace=namespace]

Examples

  # Set the user field on the gce context entry without touching other values
  kubectl config set-context gce --user=cluster-admin

Options

--cluster string

cluster for the context entry in kubeconfig

--current

Modify the current context

-h, --help

help for set-context

--namespace string

namespace for the context entry in kubeconfig

--user string

user for the context entry in kubeconfig

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

use a particular kubeconfig file

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

3.12.12 - kubectl config set-credentials

Synopsis

Set a user entry in kubeconfig.

Specifying a name that already exists will merge new fields on top of existing values.

    Client-certificate flags:
    --client-certificate=certfile --client-key=keyfile
    
    Bearer token flags:
    --token=bearer_token
    
    Basic auth flags:
    --username=basic_user --password=basic_password

Bearer token and basic auth are mutually exclusive.

kubectl config set-credentials NAME [--client-certificate=path/to/certfile] [--client-key=path/to/keyfile] [--token=bearer_token] [--username=basic_user] [--password=basic_password] [--auth-provider=provider_name] [--auth-provider-arg=key=value] [--exec-command=exec_command] [--exec-api-version=exec_api_version] [--exec-arg=arg] [--exec-env=key=value]

Examples

  # Set only the "client-key" field on the "cluster-admin"
  # entry, without touching other values
  kubectl config set-credentials cluster-admin --client-key=~/.kube/admin.key
  
  # Set basic auth for the "cluster-admin" entry
  kubectl config set-credentials cluster-admin --username=admin --password=uXFGweU9l35qcif
  
  # Embed client certificate data in the "cluster-admin" entry
  kubectl config set-credentials cluster-admin --client-certificate=~/.kube/admin.crt --embed-certs=true
  
  # Enable the Google Compute Platform auth provider for the "cluster-admin" entry
  kubectl config set-credentials cluster-admin --auth-provider=gcp
  
  # Enable the OpenID Connect auth provider for the "cluster-admin" entry with additional arguments
  kubectl config set-credentials cluster-admin --auth-provider=oidc --auth-provider-arg=client-id=foo --auth-provider-arg=client-secret=bar
  
  # Remove the "client-secret" config value for the OpenID Connect auth provider for the "cluster-admin" entry
  kubectl config set-credentials cluster-admin --auth-provider=oidc --auth-provider-arg=client-secret-
  
  # Enable new exec auth plugin for the "cluster-admin" entry
  kubectl config set-credentials cluster-admin --exec-command=/path/to/the/executable --exec-api-version=client.authentication.k8s.io/v1beta1
  
  # Enable new exec auth plugin for the "cluster-admin" entry with interactive mode
  kubectl config set-credentials cluster-admin --exec-command=/path/to/the/executable --exec-api-version=client.authentication.k8s.io/v1beta1 --exec-interactive-mode=Never
  
  # Define new exec auth plugin arguments for the "cluster-admin" entry
  kubectl config set-credentials cluster-admin --exec-arg=arg1 --exec-arg=arg2
  
  # Create or update exec auth plugin environment variables for the "cluster-admin" entry
  kubectl config set-credentials cluster-admin --exec-env=key1=val1 --exec-env=key2=val2
  
  # Remove exec auth plugin environment variables for the "cluster-admin" entry
  kubectl config set-credentials cluster-admin --exec-env=var-to-remove-

Options

--auth-provider string

Auth provider for the user entry in kubeconfig

--auth-provider-arg strings

'key=value' arguments for the auth provider

--client-certificate string

Path to client-certificate file for the user entry in kubeconfig

--client-key string

Path to client-key file for the user entry in kubeconfig

--embed-certs tristate[=true]

Embed client cert/key for the user entry in kubeconfig

--exec-api-version string

API version of the exec credential plugin for the user entry in kubeconfig

--exec-arg strings

New arguments for the exec credential plugin command for the user entry in kubeconfig

--exec-command string

Command for the exec credential plugin for the user entry in kubeconfig

--exec-env strings

'key=value' environment values for the exec credential plugin

--exec-interactive-mode string

InteractiveMode of the exec credentials plugin for the user entry in kubeconfig

--exec-provide-cluster-info tristate[=true]

ProvideClusterInfo of the exec credentials plugin for the user entry in kubeconfig

-h, --help

help for set-credentials

--password string

password for the user entry in kubeconfig

--token string

token for the user entry in kubeconfig

--username string

username for the user entry in kubeconfig

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

use a particular kubeconfig file

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

3.12.13 - kubectl config unset

Synopsis

Unset an individual value in a kubeconfig file.

PROPERTY_NAME is a dot delimited name where each token represents either an attribute name or a map key. Map keys may not contain dots.

kubectl config unset PROPERTY_NAME

Examples

  # Unset the current-context
  kubectl config unset current-context
  
  # Unset namespace in foo context
  kubectl config unset contexts.foo.namespace

Options

-h, --help

help for unset

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

use a particular kubeconfig file

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

3.12.14 - kubectl config use-context

Synopsis

Set the current-context in a kubeconfig file.

kubectl config use-context CONTEXT_NAME

Examples

  # Use the context for the minikube cluster
  kubectl config use-context minikube

Options

-h, --help

help for use-context

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

use a particular kubeconfig file

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

3.12.15 - kubectl config view

Synopsis

Display merged kubeconfig settings or a specified kubeconfig file.

You can use --output jsonpath={...} to extract specific values using a jsonpath expression.

kubectl config view [flags]

Examples

  # Show merged kubeconfig settings
  kubectl config view
  
  # Show merged kubeconfig settings, raw certificate data, and exposed secrets
  kubectl config view --raw
  
  # Get the password for the e2e user
  kubectl config view -o jsonpath='{.users[?(@.name == "e2e")].user.password}'

Options

--allow-missing-template-keys     Default: true

If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.

--flatten

Flatten the resulting kubeconfig file into self-contained output (useful for creating portable kubeconfig files)

-h, --help

help for view

--merge tristate[=true]     Default: true

Merge the full hierarchy of kubeconfig files

--minify

Remove all information not used by current-context from the output

-o, --output string     Default: "yaml"

Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).

--raw

Display raw byte data and sensitive data

--show-managed-fields

If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.

--template string

Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

use a particular kubeconfig file

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

3.13 - kubectl cordon

Synopsis

Mark node as unschedulable.

kubectl cordon NODE

Examples

  # Mark node "foo" as unschedulable
  kubectl cordon foo

Options

--dry-run string[="unchanged"]     Default: "none"

Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.

-h, --help

help for cordon

-l, --selector string

Selector (label query) to filter on, supports '=', '==', and '!='.(e.g. -l key1=value1,key2=value2). Matching objects must satisfy all of the specified label constraints.

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

  • kubectl - kubectl controls the Kubernetes cluster manager

3.14 - kubectl cp

Synopsis

Copy files and directories to and from containers.

kubectl cp <file-spec-src> <file-spec-dest>

Examples

  # !!!Important Note!!!
  # Requires that the 'tar' binary is present in your container
  # image.  If 'tar' is not present, 'kubectl cp' will fail.
  #
  # For advanced use cases, such as symlinks, wildcard expansion or
  # file mode preservation, consider using 'kubectl exec'.
  
  # Copy /tmp/foo local file to /tmp/bar in a remote pod in namespace <some-namespace>
  tar cf - /tmp/foo | kubectl exec -i -n <some-namespace> <some-pod> -- tar xf - -C /tmp/bar
  
  # Copy /tmp/foo from a remote pod to /tmp/bar locally
  kubectl exec -n <some-namespace> <some-pod> -- tar cf - /tmp/foo | tar xf - -C /tmp/bar
  
  # Copy /tmp/foo_dir local directory to /tmp/bar_dir in a remote pod in the default namespace
  kubectl cp /tmp/foo_dir <some-pod>:/tmp/bar_dir
  
  # Copy /tmp/foo local file to /tmp/bar in a remote pod in a specific container
  kubectl cp /tmp/foo <some-pod>:/tmp/bar -c <specific-container>
  
  # Copy /tmp/foo local file to /tmp/bar in a remote pod in namespace <some-namespace>
  kubectl cp /tmp/foo <some-namespace>/<some-pod>:/tmp/bar
  
  # Copy /tmp/foo from a remote pod to /tmp/bar locally
  kubectl cp <some-namespace>/<some-pod>:/tmp/foo /tmp/bar

Options

-c, --container string

Container name. If omitted, use the kubectl.kubernetes.io/default-container annotation for selecting the container to be attached or the first container in the pod will be chosen

-h, --help

help for cp

--no-preserve

The copied file/directory's ownership and permissions will not be preserved in the container

--retries int

Set number of retries to complete a copy operation from a container. Specify 0 to disable or any negative value for infinite retrying. The default is 0 (no retry).

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

  • kubectl - kubectl controls the Kubernetes cluster manager

3.15 - kubectl create

Synopsis

Create a resource from a file or from stdin.

JSON and YAML formats are accepted.

kubectl create -f FILENAME

Examples

  # Create a pod using the data in pod.json
  kubectl create -f ./pod.json
  
  # Create a pod based on the JSON passed into stdin
  cat pod.json | kubectl create -f -
  
  # Edit the data in registry.yaml in JSON then create the resource using the edited data
  kubectl create -f registry.yaml --edit -o json

Options

--allow-missing-template-keys     Default: true

If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.

--dry-run string[="unchanged"]     Default: "none"

Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.

--edit

Edit the API resource before creating

--field-manager string     Default: "kubectl-create"

Name of the manager used to track field ownership.

-f, --filename strings

Filename, directory, or URL to files to use to create the resource

-h, --help

help for create

-k, --kustomize string

Process the kustomization directory. This flag can't be used together with -f or -R.

-o, --output string

Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).

--raw string

Raw URI to POST to the server. Uses the transport specified by the kubeconfig file.

-R, --recursive

Process the directory used in -f, --filename recursively. Useful when you want to manage related manifests organized within the same directory.

--save-config

If true, the configuration of current object will be saved in its annotation. Otherwise, the annotation will be unchanged. This flag is useful when you want to perform kubectl apply on this object in the future.

-l, --selector string

Selector (label query) to filter on, supports '=', '==', and '!='.(e.g. -l key1=value1,key2=value2). Matching objects must satisfy all of the specified label constraints.

--show-managed-fields

If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.

--template string

Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].

--validate string[="strict"]     Default: "strict"

Must be one of: strict (or true), warn, ignore (or false).
"true" or "strict" will use a schema to validate the input and fail the request if invalid. It will perform server side validation if ServerSideFieldValidation is enabled on the api-server, but will fall back to less reliable client-side validation if not.
"warn" will warn about unknown or duplicate fields without blocking the request if server-side field validation is enabled on the API server, and behave as "ignore" otherwise.
"false" or "ignore" will not perform any schema validation, silently dropping any unknown or duplicate fields.

--windows-line-endings

Only relevant if --edit=true. Defaults to the line ending native to your platform.

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

3.15.1 - kubectl create clusterrole

Synopsis

Create a cluster role.

kubectl create clusterrole NAME --verb=verb --resource=resource.group [--resource-name=resourcename] [--dry-run=server|client|none]

Examples

  # Create a cluster role named "pod-reader" that allows user to perform "get", "watch" and "list" on pods
  kubectl create clusterrole pod-reader --verb=get,list,watch --resource=pods
  
  # Create a cluster role named "pod-reader" with ResourceName specified
  kubectl create clusterrole pod-reader --verb=get --resource=pods --resource-name=readablepod --resource-name=anotherpod
  
  # Create a cluster role named "foo" with API Group specified
  kubectl create clusterrole foo --verb=get,list,watch --resource=rs.apps
  
  # Create a cluster role named "foo" with SubResource specified
  kubectl create clusterrole foo --verb=get,list,watch --resource=pods,pods/status
  
  # Create a cluster role name "foo" with NonResourceURL specified
  kubectl create clusterrole "foo" --verb=get --non-resource-url=/logs/*
  
  # Create a cluster role name "monitoring" with AggregationRule specified
  kubectl create clusterrole monitoring --aggregation-rule="rbac.example.com/aggregate-to-monitoring=true"

Options

--aggregation-rule <comma-separated 'key=value' pairs>

An aggregation label selector for combining ClusterRoles.

--allow-missing-template-keys     Default: true

If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.

--dry-run string[="unchanged"]     Default: "none"

Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.

--field-manager string     Default: "kubectl-create"

Name of the manager used to track field ownership.

-h, --help

help for clusterrole

--non-resource-url strings

A partial url that user should have access to.

-o, --output string

Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).

--resource strings

Resource that the rule applies to

--resource-name strings

Resource in the white list that the rule applies to, repeat this flag for multiple items

--save-config

If true, the configuration of current object will be saved in its annotation. Otherwise, the annotation will be unchanged. This flag is useful when you want to perform kubectl apply on this object in the future.

--show-managed-fields

If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.

--template string

Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].

--validate string[="strict"]     Default: "strict"

Must be one of: strict (or true), warn, ignore (or false).
"true" or "strict" will use a schema to validate the input and fail the request if invalid. It will perform server side validation if ServerSideFieldValidation is enabled on the api-server, but will fall back to less reliable client-side validation if not.
"warn" will warn about unknown or duplicate fields without blocking the request if server-side field validation is enabled on the API server, and behave as "ignore" otherwise.
"false" or "ignore" will not perform any schema validation, silently dropping any unknown or duplicate fields.

--verb strings

Verb that applies to the resources contained in the rule

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

3.15.2 - kubectl create clusterrolebinding

Synopsis

Create a cluster role binding for a particular cluster role.

kubectl create clusterrolebinding NAME --clusterrole=NAME [--user=username] [--group=groupname] [--serviceaccount=namespace:serviceaccountname] [--dry-run=server|client|none]

Examples

  # Create a cluster role binding for user1, user2, and group1 using the cluster-admin cluster role
  kubectl create clusterrolebinding cluster-admin --clusterrole=cluster-admin --user=user1 --user=user2 --group=group1

Options

--allow-missing-template-keys     Default: true

If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.

--clusterrole string

ClusterRole this ClusterRoleBinding should reference

--dry-run string[="unchanged"]     Default: "none"

Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.

--field-manager string     Default: "kubectl-create"

Name of the manager used to track field ownership.

--group strings

Groups to bind to the clusterrole. The flag can be repeated to add multiple groups.

-h, --help

help for clusterrolebinding

-o, --output string

Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).

--save-config

If true, the configuration of current object will be saved in its annotation. Otherwise, the annotation will be unchanged. This flag is useful when you want to perform kubectl apply on this object in the future.

--serviceaccount strings

Service accounts to bind to the clusterrole, in the format <namespace>:<name>. The flag can be repeated to add multiple service accounts.

--show-managed-fields

If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.

--template string

Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].

--user strings

Usernames to bind to the clusterrole. The flag can be repeated to add multiple users.

--validate string[="strict"]     Default: "strict"

Must be one of: strict (or true), warn, ignore (or false).
"true" or "strict" will use a schema to validate the input and fail the request if invalid. It will perform server side validation if ServerSideFieldValidation is enabled on the api-server, but will fall back to less reliable client-side validation if not.
"warn" will warn about unknown or duplicate fields without blocking the request if server-side field validation is enabled on the API server, and behave as "ignore" otherwise.
"false" or "ignore" will not perform any schema validation, silently dropping any unknown or duplicate fields.

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

3.15.3 - kubectl create configmap

Synopsis

Create a config map based on a file, directory, or specified literal value.

A single config map may package one or more key/value pairs.

When creating a config map based on a file, the key will default to the basename of the file, and the value will default to the file content. If the basename is an invalid key, you may specify an alternate key.

When creating a config map based on a directory, each file whose basename is a valid key in the directory will be packaged into the config map. Any directory entries except regular files are ignored (e.g. subdirectories, symlinks, devices, pipes, etc).

kubectl create configmap NAME [--from-file=[key=]source] [--from-literal=key1=value1] [--dry-run=server|client|none]

Examples

  # Create a new config map named my-config based on folder bar
  kubectl create configmap my-config --from-file=path/to/bar
  
  # Create a new config map named my-config with specified keys instead of file basenames on disk
  kubectl create configmap my-config --from-file=key1=/path/to/bar/file1.txt --from-file=key2=/path/to/bar/file2.txt
  
  # Create a new config map named my-config with key1=config1 and key2=config2
  kubectl create configmap my-config --from-literal=key1=config1 --from-literal=key2=config2
  
  # Create a new config map named my-config from the key=value pairs in the file
  kubectl create configmap my-config --from-file=path/to/bar
  
  # Create a new config map named my-config from an env file
  kubectl create configmap my-config --from-env-file=path/to/foo.env --from-env-file=path/to/bar.env

Options

--allow-missing-template-keys     Default: true

If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.

--append-hash

Append a hash of the configmap to its name.

--dry-run string[="unchanged"]     Default: "none"

Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.

--field-manager string     Default: "kubectl-create"

Name of the manager used to track field ownership.

--from-env-file strings

Specify the path to a file to read lines of key=val pairs to create a configmap.

--from-file strings

Key file can be specified using its file path, in which case file basename will be used as configmap key, or optionally with a key and file path, in which case the given key will be used. Specifying a directory will iterate each named file in the directory whose basename is a valid configmap key.

--from-literal strings

Specify a key and literal value to insert in configmap (i.e. mykey=somevalue)

-h, --help

help for configmap

-o, --output string

Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).

--save-config

If true, the configuration of current object will be saved in its annotation. Otherwise, the annotation will be unchanged. This flag is useful when you want to perform kubectl apply on this object in the future.

--show-managed-fields

If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.

--template string

Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].

--validate string[="strict"]     Default: "strict"

Must be one of: strict (or true), warn, ignore (or false).
"true" or "strict" will use a schema to validate the input and fail the request if invalid. It will perform server side validation if ServerSideFieldValidation is enabled on the api-server, but will fall back to less reliable client-side validation if not.
"warn" will warn about unknown or duplicate fields without blocking the request if server-side field validation is enabled on the API server, and behave as "ignore" otherwise.
"false" or "ignore" will not perform any schema validation, silently dropping any unknown or duplicate fields.

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

3.15.4 - kubectl create cronjob

Synopsis

Create a cron job with the specified name.

kubectl create cronjob NAME --image=image --schedule='0/5 * * * ?' -- [COMMAND] [args...] [flags]

Examples

  # Create a cron job
  kubectl create cronjob my-job --image=busybox --schedule="*/1 * * * *"
  
  # Create a cron job with a command
  kubectl create cronjob my-job --image=busybox --schedule="*/1 * * * *" -- date

Options

--allow-missing-template-keys     Default: true

If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.

--dry-run string[="unchanged"]     Default: "none"

Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.

--field-manager string     Default: "kubectl-create"

Name of the manager used to track field ownership.

-h, --help

help for cronjob

--image string

Image name to run.

-o, --output string

Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).

--restart string

job's restart policy. supported values: OnFailure, Never

--save-config

If true, the configuration of current object will be saved in its annotation. Otherwise, the annotation will be unchanged. This flag is useful when you want to perform kubectl apply on this object in the future.

--schedule string

A schedule in the Cron format the job should be run with.

--show-managed-fields

If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.

--template string

Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].

--validate string[="strict"]     Default: "strict"

Must be one of: strict (or true), warn, ignore (or false).
"true" or "strict" will use a schema to validate the input and fail the request if invalid. It will perform server side validation if ServerSideFieldValidation is enabled on the api-server, but will fall back to less reliable client-side validation if not.
"warn" will warn about unknown or duplicate fields without blocking the request if server-side field validation is enabled on the API server, and behave as "ignore" otherwise.
"false" or "ignore" will not perform any schema validation, silently dropping any unknown or duplicate fields.

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

3.15.5 - kubectl create deployment

Synopsis

Create a deployment with the specified name.

kubectl create deployment NAME --image=image -- [COMMAND] [args...]

Examples

  # Create a deployment named my-dep that runs the busybox image
  kubectl create deployment my-dep --image=busybox
  
  # Create a deployment with a command
  kubectl create deployment my-dep --image=busybox -- date
  
  # Create a deployment named my-dep that runs the nginx image with 3 replicas
  kubectl create deployment my-dep --image=nginx --replicas=3
  
  # Create a deployment named my-dep that runs the busybox image and expose port 5701
  kubectl create deployment my-dep --image=busybox --port=5701
  
  # Create a deployment named my-dep that runs multiple containers
  kubectl create deployment my-dep --image=busybox:latest --image=ubuntu:latest --image=nginx

Options

--allow-missing-template-keys     Default: true

If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.

--dry-run string[="unchanged"]     Default: "none"

Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.

--field-manager string     Default: "kubectl-create"

Name of the manager used to track field ownership.

-h, --help

help for deployment

--image strings

Image names to run. A deployment can have multiple images set for multi-container pod.

-o, --output string

Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).

--port int32     Default: -1

The containerPort that this deployment exposes.

-r, --replicas int32     Default: 1

Number of replicas to create. Default is 1.

--save-config

If true, the configuration of current object will be saved in its annotation. Otherwise, the annotation will be unchanged. This flag is useful when you want to perform kubectl apply on this object in the future.

--show-managed-fields

If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.

--template string

Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].

--validate string[="strict"]     Default: "strict"

Must be one of: strict (or true), warn, ignore (or false).
"true" or "strict" will use a schema to validate the input and fail the request if invalid. It will perform server side validation if ServerSideFieldValidation is enabled on the api-server, but will fall back to less reliable client-side validation if not.
"warn" will warn about unknown or duplicate fields without blocking the request if server-side field validation is enabled on the API server, and behave as "ignore" otherwise.
"false" or "ignore" will not perform any schema validation, silently dropping any unknown or duplicate fields.

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

3.15.6 - kubectl create ingress

Synopsis

Create an ingress with the specified name.

kubectl create ingress NAME --rule=host/path=service:port[,tls[=secret]] 

Examples

  # Create a single ingress called 'simple' that directs requests to foo.com/bar to svc
  # svc1:8080 with a TLS secret "my-cert"
  kubectl create ingress simple --rule="foo.com/bar=svc1:8080,tls=my-cert"
  
  # Create a catch all ingress of "/path" pointing to service svc:port and Ingress Class as "otheringress"
  kubectl create ingress catch-all --class=otheringress --rule="/path=svc:port"
  
  # Create an ingress with two annotations: ingress.annotation1 and ingress.annotations2
  kubectl create ingress annotated --class=default --rule="foo.com/bar=svc:port" \
  --annotation ingress.annotation1=foo \
  --annotation ingress.annotation2=bla
  
  # Create an ingress with the same host and multiple paths
  kubectl create ingress multipath --class=default \
  --rule="foo.com/=svc:port" \
  --rule="foo.com/admin/=svcadmin:portadmin"
  
  # Create an ingress with multiple hosts and the pathType as Prefix
  kubectl create ingress ingress1 --class=default \
  --rule="foo.com/path*=svc:8080" \
  --rule="bar.com/admin*=svc2:http"
  
  # Create an ingress with TLS enabled using the default ingress certificate and different path types
  kubectl create ingress ingtls --class=default \
  --rule="foo.com/=svc:https,tls" \
  --rule="foo.com/path/subpath*=othersvc:8080"
  
  # Create an ingress with TLS enabled using a specific secret and pathType as Prefix
  kubectl create ingress ingsecret --class=default \
  --rule="foo.com/*=svc:8080,tls=secret1"
  
  # Create an ingress with a default backend
  kubectl create ingress ingdefault --class=default \
  --default-backend=defaultsvc:http \
  --rule="foo.com/*=svc:8080,tls=secret1"

Options

--allow-missing-template-keys     Default: true

If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.

--annotation strings

Annotation to insert in the ingress object, in the format annotation=value

--class string

Ingress Class to be used

--default-backend string

Default service for backend, in format of svcname:port

--dry-run string[="unchanged"]     Default: "none"

Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.

--field-manager string     Default: "kubectl-create"

Name of the manager used to track field ownership.

-h, --help

help for ingress

-o, --output string

Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).

--rule strings

Rule in format host/path=service:port[,tls=secretname]. Paths containing the leading character '*' are considered pathType=Prefix. tls argument is optional.

--save-config

If true, the configuration of current object will be saved in its annotation. Otherwise, the annotation will be unchanged. This flag is useful when you want to perform kubectl apply on this object in the future.

--show-managed-fields

If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.

--template string

Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].

--validate string[="strict"]     Default: "strict"

Must be one of: strict (or true), warn, ignore (or false).
"true" or "strict" will use a schema to validate the input and fail the request if invalid. It will perform server side validation if ServerSideFieldValidation is enabled on the api-server, but will fall back to less reliable client-side validation if not.
"warn" will warn about unknown or duplicate fields without blocking the request if server-side field validation is enabled on the API server, and behave as "ignore" otherwise.
"false" or "ignore" will not perform any schema validation, silently dropping any unknown or duplicate fields.

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

3.15.7 - kubectl create job

Synopsis

Create a job with the specified name.

kubectl create job NAME --image=image [--from=cronjob/name] -- [COMMAND] [args...]

Examples

  # Create a job
  kubectl create job my-job --image=busybox
  
  # Create a job with a command
  kubectl create job my-job --image=busybox -- date
  
  # Create a job from a cron job named "a-cronjob"
  kubectl create job test-job --from=cronjob/a-cronjob

Options

--allow-missing-template-keys     Default: true

If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.

--dry-run string[="unchanged"]     Default: "none"

Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.

--field-manager string     Default: "kubectl-create"

Name of the manager used to track field ownership.

--from string

The name of the resource to create a Job from (only cronjob is supported).

-h, --help

help for job

--image string

Image name to run.

-o, --output string

Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).

--save-config

If true, the configuration of current object will be saved in its annotation. Otherwise, the annotation will be unchanged. This flag is useful when you want to perform kubectl apply on this object in the future.

--show-managed-fields

If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.

--template string

Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].

--validate string[="strict"]     Default: "strict"

Must be one of: strict (or true), warn, ignore (or false).
"true" or "strict" will use a schema to validate the input and fail the request if invalid. It will perform server side validation if ServerSideFieldValidation is enabled on the api-server, but will fall back to less reliable client-side validation if not.
"warn" will warn about unknown or duplicate fields without blocking the request if server-side field validation is enabled on the API server, and behave as "ignore" otherwise.
"false" or "ignore" will not perform any schema validation, silently dropping any unknown or duplicate fields.

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

3.15.8 - kubectl create namespace

Synopsis

Create a namespace with the specified name.

kubectl create namespace NAME [--dry-run=server|client|none]

Examples

  # Create a new namespace named my-namespace
  kubectl create namespace my-namespace

Options

--allow-missing-template-keys     Default: true

If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.

--dry-run string[="unchanged"]     Default: "none"

Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.

--field-manager string     Default: "kubectl-create"

Name of the manager used to track field ownership.

-h, --help

help for namespace

-o, --output string

Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).

--save-config

If true, the configuration of current object will be saved in its annotation. Otherwise, the annotation will be unchanged. This flag is useful when you want to perform kubectl apply on this object in the future.

--show-managed-fields

If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.

--template string

Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].

--validate string[="strict"]     Default: "strict"

Must be one of: strict (or true), warn, ignore (or false).
"true" or "strict" will use a schema to validate the input and fail the request if invalid. It will perform server side validation if ServerSideFieldValidation is enabled on the api-server, but will fall back to less reliable client-side validation if not.
"warn" will warn about unknown or duplicate fields without blocking the request if server-side field validation is enabled on the API server, and behave as "ignore" otherwise.
"false" or "ignore" will not perform any schema validation, silently dropping any unknown or duplicate fields.

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

3.15.9 - kubectl create poddisruptionbudget

Synopsis

Create a pod disruption budget with the specified name, selector, and desired minimum available pods.

kubectl create poddisruptionbudget NAME --selector=SELECTOR --min-available=N [--dry-run=server|client|none]

Examples

  # Create a pod disruption budget named my-pdb that will select all pods with the app=rails label
  # and require at least one of them being available at any point in time
  kubectl create poddisruptionbudget my-pdb --selector=app=rails --min-available=1
  
  # Create a pod disruption budget named my-pdb that will select all pods with the app=nginx label
  # and require at least half of the pods selected to be available at any point in time
  kubectl create pdb my-pdb --selector=app=nginx --min-available=50%

Options

--allow-missing-template-keys     Default: true

If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.

--dry-run string[="unchanged"]     Default: "none"

Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.

--field-manager string     Default: "kubectl-create"

Name of the manager used to track field ownership.

-h, --help

help for poddisruptionbudget

--max-unavailable string

The maximum number or percentage of unavailable pods this budget requires.

--min-available string

The minimum number or percentage of available pods this budget requires.

-o, --output string

Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).

--save-config

If true, the configuration of current object will be saved in its annotation. Otherwise, the annotation will be unchanged. This flag is useful when you want to perform kubectl apply on this object in the future.

--selector string

A label selector to use for this budget. Only equality-based selector requirements are supported.

--show-managed-fields

If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.

--template string

Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].

--validate string[="strict"]     Default: "strict"

Must be one of: strict (or true), warn, ignore (or false).
"true" or "strict" will use a schema to validate the input and fail the request if invalid. It will perform server side validation if ServerSideFieldValidation is enabled on the api-server, but will fall back to less reliable client-side validation if not.
"warn" will warn about unknown or duplicate fields without blocking the request if server-side field validation is enabled on the API server, and behave as "ignore" otherwise.
"false" or "ignore" will not perform any schema validation, silently dropping any unknown or duplicate fields.

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

3.15.10 - kubectl create priorityclass

Synopsis

Create a priority class with the specified name, value, globalDefault and description.

kubectl create priorityclass NAME --value=VALUE --global-default=BOOL [--dry-run=server|client|none]

Examples

  # Create a priority class named high-priority
  kubectl create priorityclass high-priority --value=1000 --description="high priority"
  
  # Create a priority class named default-priority that is considered as the global default priority
  kubectl create priorityclass default-priority --value=1000 --global-default=true --description="default priority"
  
  # Create a priority class named high-priority that cannot preempt pods with lower priority
  kubectl create priorityclass high-priority --value=1000 --description="high priority" --preemption-policy="Never"

Options

--allow-missing-template-keys     Default: true

If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.

--description string

description is an arbitrary string that usually provides guidelines on when this priority class should be used.

--dry-run string[="unchanged"]     Default: "none"

Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.

--field-manager string     Default: "kubectl-create"

Name of the manager used to track field ownership.

--global-default

global-default specifies whether this PriorityClass should be considered as the default priority.

-h, --help

help for priorityclass

-o, --output string

Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).

--preemption-policy string     Default: "PreemptLowerPriority"

preemption-policy is the policy for preempting pods with lower priority.

--save-config

If true, the configuration of current object will be saved in its annotation. Otherwise, the annotation will be unchanged. This flag is useful when you want to perform kubectl apply on this object in the future.

--show-managed-fields

If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.

--template string

Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].

--validate string[="strict"]     Default: "strict"

Must be one of: strict (or true), warn, ignore (or false).
"true" or "strict" will use a schema to validate the input and fail the request if invalid. It will perform server side validation if ServerSideFieldValidation is enabled on the api-server, but will fall back to less reliable client-side validation if not.
"warn" will warn about unknown or duplicate fields without blocking the request if server-side field validation is enabled on the API server, and behave as "ignore" otherwise.
"false" or "ignore" will not perform any schema validation, silently dropping any unknown or duplicate fields.

--value int32

the value of this priority class.

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

3.15.11 - kubectl create quota

Synopsis

Create a resource quota with the specified name, hard limits, and optional scopes.

kubectl create quota NAME [--hard=key1=value1,key2=value2] [--scopes=Scope1,Scope2] [--dry-run=server|client|none]

Examples

  # Create a new resource quota named my-quota
  kubectl create quota my-quota --hard=cpu=1,memory=1G,pods=2,services=3,replicationcontrollers=2,resourcequotas=1,secrets=5,persistentvolumeclaims=10
  
  # Create a new resource quota named best-effort
  kubectl create quota best-effort --hard=pods=100 --scopes=BestEffort

Options

--allow-missing-template-keys     Default: true

If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.

--dry-run string[="unchanged"]     Default: "none"

Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.

--field-manager string     Default: "kubectl-create"

Name of the manager used to track field ownership.

--hard string

A comma-delimited set of resource=quantity pairs that define a hard limit.

-h, --help

help for quota

-o, --output string

Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).

--save-config

If true, the configuration of current object will be saved in its annotation. Otherwise, the annotation will be unchanged. This flag is useful when you want to perform kubectl apply on this object in the future.

--scopes string

A comma-delimited set of quota scopes that must all match each object tracked by the quota.

--show-managed-fields

If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.

--template string

Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].

--validate string[="strict"]     Default: "strict"

Must be one of: strict (or true), warn, ignore (or false).
"true" or "strict" will use a schema to validate the input and fail the request if invalid. It will perform server side validation if ServerSideFieldValidation is enabled on the api-server, but will fall back to less reliable client-side validation if not.
"warn" will warn about unknown or duplicate fields without blocking the request if server-side field validation is enabled on the API server, and behave as "ignore" otherwise.
"false" or "ignore" will not perform any schema validation, silently dropping any unknown or duplicate fields.

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

3.15.12 - kubectl create role

Synopsis

Create a role with single rule.

kubectl create role NAME --verb=verb --resource=resource.group/subresource [--resource-name=resourcename] [--dry-run=server|client|none]

Examples

  # Create a role named "pod-reader" that allows user to perform "get", "watch" and "list" on pods
  kubectl create role pod-reader --verb=get --verb=list --verb=watch --resource=pods
  
  # Create a role named "pod-reader" with ResourceName specified
  kubectl create role pod-reader --verb=get --resource=pods --resource-name=readablepod --resource-name=anotherpod
  
  # Create a role named "foo" with API Group specified
  kubectl create role foo --verb=get,list,watch --resource=rs.apps
  
  # Create a role named "foo" with SubResource specified
  kubectl create role foo --verb=get,list,watch --resource=pods,pods/status

Options

--allow-missing-template-keys     Default: true

If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.

--dry-run string[="unchanged"]     Default: "none"

Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.

--field-manager string     Default: "kubectl-create"

Name of the manager used to track field ownership.

-h, --help

help for role

-o, --output string

Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).

--resource strings

Resource that the rule applies to

--resource-name strings

Resource in the white list that the rule applies to, repeat this flag for multiple items

--save-config

If true, the configuration of current object will be saved in its annotation. Otherwise, the annotation will be unchanged. This flag is useful when you want to perform kubectl apply on this object in the future.

--show-managed-fields

If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.

--template string

Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].

--validate string[="strict"]     Default: "strict"

Must be one of: strict (or true), warn, ignore (or false).
"true" or "strict" will use a schema to validate the input and fail the request if invalid. It will perform server side validation if ServerSideFieldValidation is enabled on the api-server, but will fall back to less reliable client-side validation if not.
"warn" will warn about unknown or duplicate fields without blocking the request if server-side field validation is enabled on the API server, and behave as "ignore" otherwise.
"false" or "ignore" will not perform any schema validation, silently dropping any unknown or duplicate fields.

--verb strings

Verb that applies to the resources contained in the rule

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

3.15.13 - kubectl create rolebinding

Synopsis

Create a role binding for a particular role or cluster role.

kubectl create rolebinding NAME --clusterrole=NAME|--role=NAME [--user=username] [--group=groupname] [--serviceaccount=namespace:serviceaccountname] [--dry-run=server|client|none]

Examples

  # Create a role binding for user1, user2, and group1 using the admin cluster role
  kubectl create rolebinding admin --clusterrole=admin --user=user1 --user=user2 --group=group1
  
  # Create a role binding for serviceaccount monitoring:sa-dev using the admin role
  kubectl create rolebinding admin-binding --role=admin --serviceaccount=monitoring:sa-dev

Options

--allow-missing-template-keys     Default: true

If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.

--clusterrole string

ClusterRole this RoleBinding should reference

--dry-run string[="unchanged"]     Default: "none"

Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.

--field-manager string     Default: "kubectl-create"

Name of the manager used to track field ownership.

--group strings

Groups to bind to the role. The flag can be repeated to add multiple groups.

-h, --help

help for rolebinding

-o, --output string

Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).

--role string

Role this RoleBinding should reference

--save-config

If true, the configuration of current object will be saved in its annotation. Otherwise, the annotation will be unchanged. This flag is useful when you want to perform kubectl apply on this object in the future.

--serviceaccount strings

Service accounts to bind to the role, in the format <namespace>:<name>. The flag can be repeated to add multiple service accounts.

--show-managed-fields

If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.

--template string

Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].

--user strings

Usernames to bind to the role. The flag can be repeated to add multiple users.

--validate string[="strict"]     Default: "strict"

Must be one of: strict (or true), warn, ignore (or false).
"true" or "strict" will use a schema to validate the input and fail the request if invalid. It will perform server side validation if ServerSideFieldValidation is enabled on the api-server, but will fall back to less reliable client-side validation if not.
"warn" will warn about unknown or duplicate fields without blocking the request if server-side field validation is enabled on the API server, and behave as "ignore" otherwise.
"false" or "ignore" will not perform any schema validation, silently dropping any unknown or duplicate fields.

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

3.15.14 - kubectl create secret

Synopsis

Create a secret with specified type.

A docker-registry type secret is for accessing a container registry.

A generic type secret indicate an Opaque secret type.

A tls type secret holds TLS certificate and its associated key.

kubectl create secret (docker-registry | generic | tls)

Options

-h, --help

help for secret

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

3.15.15 - kubectl create secret docker-registry

Synopsis

Create a new secret for use with Docker registries.

    Dockercfg secrets are used to authenticate against Docker registries.
    
    When using the Docker command line to push images, you can authenticate to a given registry by running:
    '$ docker login DOCKER_REGISTRY_SERVER --username=DOCKER_USER --password=DOCKER_PASSWORD --email=DOCKER_EMAIL'.

That produces a ~/.dockercfg file that is used by subsequent 'docker push' and 'docker pull' commands to authenticate to the registry. The email address is optional.

    When creating applications, you may have a Docker registry that requires authentication.  In order for the
    nodes to pull images on your behalf, they must have the credentials.  You can provide this information
    by creating a dockercfg secret and attaching it to your service account.
kubectl create secret docker-registry NAME --docker-username=user --docker-password=password --docker-email=email [--docker-server=string] [--from-file=[key=]source] [--dry-run=server|client|none]

Examples

  # If you do not already have a .dockercfg file, create a dockercfg secret directly
  kubectl create secret docker-registry my-secret --docker-server=DOCKER_REGISTRY_SERVER --docker-username=DOCKER_USER --docker-password=DOCKER_PASSWORD --docker-email=DOCKER_EMAIL
  
  # Create a new secret named my-secret from ~/.docker/config.json
  kubectl create secret docker-registry my-secret --from-file=.dockerconfigjson=path/to/.docker/config.json

Options

--allow-missing-template-keys     Default: true

If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.

--append-hash

Append a hash of the secret to its name.

--docker-email string

Email for Docker registry

--docker-password string

Password for Docker registry authentication

--docker-server string     Default: "https://index.docker.io/v1/"

Server location for Docker registry

--docker-username string

Username for Docker registry authentication

--dry-run string[="unchanged"]     Default: "none"

Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.

--field-manager string     Default: "kubectl-create"

Name of the manager used to track field ownership.

--from-file strings

Key files can be specified using their file path, in which case a default name will be given to them, or optionally with a name and file path, in which case the given name will be used. Specifying a directory will iterate each named file in the directory that is a valid secret key.

-h, --help

help for docker-registry

-o, --output string

Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).

--save-config

If true, the configuration of current object will be saved in its annotation. Otherwise, the annotation will be unchanged. This flag is useful when you want to perform kubectl apply on this object in the future.

--show-managed-fields

If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.

--template string

Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].

--validate string[="strict"]     Default: "strict"

Must be one of: strict (or true), warn, ignore (or false).
"true" or "strict" will use a schema to validate the input and fail the request if invalid. It will perform server side validation if ServerSideFieldValidation is enabled on the api-server, but will fall back to less reliable client-side validation if not.
"warn" will warn about unknown or duplicate fields without blocking the request if server-side field validation is enabled on the API server, and behave as "ignore" otherwise.
"false" or "ignore" will not perform any schema validation, silently dropping any unknown or duplicate fields.

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

3.15.16 - kubectl create secret generic

Synopsis

Create a secret based on a file, directory, or specified literal value.

A single secret may package one or more key/value pairs.

When creating a secret based on a file, the key will default to the basename of the file, and the value will default to the file content. If the basename is an invalid key or you wish to chose your own, you may specify an alternate key.

When creating a secret based on a directory, each file whose basename is a valid key in the directory will be packaged into the secret. Any directory entries except regular files are ignored (e.g. subdirectories, symlinks, devices, pipes, etc).

kubectl create secret generic NAME [--type=string] [--from-file=[key=]source] [--from-literal=key1=value1] [--dry-run=server|client|none]

Examples

  # Create a new secret named my-secret with keys for each file in folder bar
  kubectl create secret generic my-secret --from-file=path/to/bar
  
  # Create a new secret named my-secret with specified keys instead of names on disk
  kubectl create secret generic my-secret --from-file=ssh-privatekey=path/to/id_rsa --from-file=ssh-publickey=path/to/id_rsa.pub
  
  # Create a new secret named my-secret with key1=supersecret and key2=topsecret
  kubectl create secret generic my-secret --from-literal=key1=supersecret --from-literal=key2=topsecret
  
  # Create a new secret named my-secret using a combination of a file and a literal
  kubectl create secret generic my-secret --from-file=ssh-privatekey=path/to/id_rsa --from-literal=passphrase=topsecret
  
  # Create a new secret named my-secret from env files
  kubectl create secret generic my-secret --from-env-file=path/to/foo.env --from-env-file=path/to/bar.env

Options

--allow-missing-template-keys     Default: true

If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.

--append-hash

Append a hash of the secret to its name.

--dry-run string[="unchanged"]     Default: "none"

Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.

--field-manager string     Default: "kubectl-create"

Name of the manager used to track field ownership.

--from-env-file strings

Specify the path to a file to read lines of key=val pairs to create a secret.

--from-file strings

Key files can be specified using their file path, in which case a default name will be given to them, or optionally with a name and file path, in which case the given name will be used. Specifying a directory will iterate each named file in the directory that is a valid secret key.

--from-literal strings

Specify a key and literal value to insert in secret (i.e. mykey=somevalue)

-h, --help

help for generic

-o, --output string

Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).

--save-config

If true, the configuration of current object will be saved in its annotation. Otherwise, the annotation will be unchanged. This flag is useful when you want to perform kubectl apply on this object in the future.

--show-managed-fields

If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.

--template string

Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].

--type string

The type of secret to create

--validate string[="strict"]     Default: "strict"

Must be one of: strict (or true), warn, ignore (or false).
"true" or "strict" will use a schema to validate the input and fail the request if invalid. It will perform server side validation if ServerSideFieldValidation is enabled on the api-server, but will fall back to less reliable client-side validation if not.
"warn" will warn about unknown or duplicate fields without blocking the request if server-side field validation is enabled on the API server, and behave as "ignore" otherwise.
"false" or "ignore" will not perform any schema validation, silently dropping any unknown or duplicate fields.

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

3.15.17 - kubectl create secret tls

Synopsis

Create a TLS secret from the given public/private key pair.

The public/private key pair must exist beforehand. The public key certificate must be .PEM encoded and match the given private key.

kubectl create secret tls NAME --cert=path/to/cert/file --key=path/to/key/file [--dry-run=server|client|none]

Examples

  # Create a new TLS secret named tls-secret with the given key pair
  kubectl create secret tls tls-secret --cert=path/to/tls.crt --key=path/to/tls.key

Options

--allow-missing-template-keys     Default: true

If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.

--append-hash

Append a hash of the secret to its name.

--cert string

Path to PEM encoded public key certificate.

--dry-run string[="unchanged"]     Default: "none"

Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.

--field-manager string     Default: "kubectl-create"

Name of the manager used to track field ownership.

-h, --help

help for tls

--key string

Path to private key associated with given certificate.

-o, --output string

Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).

--save-config

If true, the configuration of current object will be saved in its annotation. Otherwise, the annotation will be unchanged. This flag is useful when you want to perform kubectl apply on this object in the future.

--show-managed-fields

If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.

--template string

Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].

--validate string[="strict"]     Default: "strict"

Must be one of: strict (or true), warn, ignore (or false).
"true" or "strict" will use a schema to validate the input and fail the request if invalid. It will perform server side validation if ServerSideFieldValidation is enabled on the api-server, but will fall back to less reliable client-side validation if not.
"warn" will warn about unknown or duplicate fields without blocking the request if server-side field validation is enabled on the API server, and behave as "ignore" otherwise.
"false" or "ignore" will not perform any schema validation, silently dropping any unknown or duplicate fields.

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

3.15.18 - kubectl create service

Synopsis

Create a service using a specified subcommand.

kubectl create service [flags]

Options

-h, --help

help for service

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

3.15.19 - kubectl create service clusterip

Synopsis

Create a ClusterIP service with the specified name.

kubectl create service clusterip NAME [--tcp=<port>:<targetPort>] [--dry-run=server|client|none]

Examples

  # Create a new ClusterIP service named my-cs
  kubectl create service clusterip my-cs --tcp=5678:8080
  
  # Create a new ClusterIP service named my-cs (in headless mode)
  kubectl create service clusterip my-cs --clusterip="None"

Options

--allow-missing-template-keys     Default: true

If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.

--clusterip string

Assign your own ClusterIP or set to 'None' for a 'headless' service (no loadbalancing).

--dry-run string[="unchanged"]     Default: "none"

Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.

--field-manager string     Default: "kubectl-create"

Name of the manager used to track field ownership.

-h, --help

help for clusterip

-o, --output string

Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).

--save-config

If true, the configuration of current object will be saved in its annotation. Otherwise, the annotation will be unchanged. This flag is useful when you want to perform kubectl apply on this object in the future.

--show-managed-fields

If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.

--tcp strings

Port pairs can be specified as '<port>:<targetPort>'.

--template string

Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].

--validate string[="strict"]     Default: "strict"

Must be one of: strict (or true), warn, ignore (or false).
"true" or "strict" will use a schema to validate the input and fail the request if invalid. It will perform server side validation if ServerSideFieldValidation is enabled on the api-server, but will fall back to less reliable client-side validation if not.
"warn" will warn about unknown or duplicate fields without blocking the request if server-side field validation is enabled on the API server, and behave as "ignore" otherwise.
"false" or "ignore" will not perform any schema validation, silently dropping any unknown or duplicate fields.

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

3.15.20 - kubectl create service externalname

Synopsis

Create an ExternalName service with the specified name.

ExternalName service references to an external DNS address instead of only pods, which will allow application authors to reference services that exist off platform, on other clusters, or locally.

kubectl create service externalname NAME --external-name external.name [--dry-run=server|client|none]

Examples

  # Create a new ExternalName service named my-ns
  kubectl create service externalname my-ns --external-name bar.com

Options

--allow-missing-template-keys     Default: true

If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.

--dry-run string[="unchanged"]     Default: "none"

Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.

--external-name string

External name of service

--field-manager string     Default: "kubectl-create"

Name of the manager used to track field ownership.

-h, --help

help for externalname

-o, --output string

Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).

--save-config

If true, the configuration of current object will be saved in its annotation. Otherwise, the annotation will be unchanged. This flag is useful when you want to perform kubectl apply on this object in the future.

--show-managed-fields

If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.

--tcp strings

Port pairs can be specified as '<port>:<targetPort>'.

--template string

Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].

--validate string[="strict"]     Default: "strict"

Must be one of: strict (or true), warn, ignore (or false).
"true" or "strict" will use a schema to validate the input and fail the request if invalid. It will perform server side validation if ServerSideFieldValidation is enabled on the api-server, but will fall back to less reliable client-side validation if not.
"warn" will warn about unknown or duplicate fields without blocking the request if server-side field validation is enabled on the API server, and behave as "ignore" otherwise.
"false" or "ignore" will not perform any schema validation, silently dropping any unknown or duplicate fields.

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

3.15.21 - kubectl create service loadbalancer

Synopsis

Create a LoadBalancer service with the specified name.

kubectl create service loadbalancer NAME [--tcp=port:targetPort] [--dry-run=server|client|none]

Examples

  # Create a new LoadBalancer service named my-lbs
  kubectl create service loadbalancer my-lbs --tcp=5678:8080

Options

--allow-missing-template-keys     Default: true

If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.

--dry-run string[="unchanged"]     Default: "none"

Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.

--field-manager string     Default: "kubectl-create"

Name of the manager used to track field ownership.

-h, --help

help for loadbalancer

-o, --output string

Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).

--save-config

If true, the configuration of current object will be saved in its annotation. Otherwise, the annotation will be unchanged. This flag is useful when you want to perform kubectl apply on this object in the future.

--show-managed-fields

If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.

--tcp strings

Port pairs can be specified as '<port>:<targetPort>'.

--template string

Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].

--validate string[="strict"]     Default: "strict"

Must be one of: strict (or true), warn, ignore (or false).
"true" or "strict" will use a schema to validate the input and fail the request if invalid. It will perform server side validation if ServerSideFieldValidation is enabled on the api-server, but will fall back to less reliable client-side validation if not.
"warn" will warn about unknown or duplicate fields without blocking the request if server-side field validation is enabled on the API server, and behave as "ignore" otherwise.
"false" or "ignore" will not perform any schema validation, silently dropping any unknown or duplicate fields.

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

3.15.22 - kubectl create service nodeport

Synopsis

Create a NodePort service with the specified name.

kubectl create service nodeport NAME [--tcp=port:targetPort] [--dry-run=server|client|none]

Examples

  # Create a new NodePort service named my-ns
  kubectl create service nodeport my-ns --tcp=5678:8080

Options

--allow-missing-template-keys     Default: true

If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.

--dry-run string[="unchanged"]     Default: "none"

Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.

--field-manager string     Default: "kubectl-create"

Name of the manager used to track field ownership.

-h, --help

help for nodeport

--node-port int

Port used to expose the service on each node in a cluster.

-o, --output string

Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).

--save-config

If true, the configuration of current object will be saved in its annotation. Otherwise, the annotation will be unchanged. This flag is useful when you want to perform kubectl apply on this object in the future.

--show-managed-fields

If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.

--tcp strings

Port pairs can be specified as '<port>:<targetPort>'.

--template string

Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].

--validate string[="strict"]     Default: "strict"

Must be one of: strict (or true), warn, ignore (or false).
"true" or "strict" will use a schema to validate the input and fail the request if invalid. It will perform server side validation if ServerSideFieldValidation is enabled on the api-server, but will fall back to less reliable client-side validation if not.
"warn" will warn about unknown or duplicate fields without blocking the request if server-side field validation is enabled on the API server, and behave as "ignore" otherwise.
"false" or "ignore" will not perform any schema validation, silently dropping any unknown or duplicate fields.

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

3.15.23 - kubectl create serviceaccount

Synopsis

Create a service account with the specified name.

kubectl create serviceaccount NAME [--dry-run=server|client|none]

Examples

  # Create a new service account named my-service-account
  kubectl create serviceaccount my-service-account

Options

--allow-missing-template-keys     Default: true

If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.

--dry-run string[="unchanged"]     Default: "none"

Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.

--field-manager string     Default: "kubectl-create"

Name of the manager used to track field ownership.

-h, --help

help for serviceaccount

-o, --output string

Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).

--save-config

If true, the configuration of current object will be saved in its annotation. Otherwise, the annotation will be unchanged. This flag is useful when you want to perform kubectl apply on this object in the future.

--show-managed-fields

If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.

--template string

Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].

--validate string[="strict"]     Default: "strict"

Must be one of: strict (or true), warn, ignore (or false).
"true" or "strict" will use a schema to validate the input and fail the request if invalid. It will perform server side validation if ServerSideFieldValidation is enabled on the api-server, but will fall back to less reliable client-side validation if not.
"warn" will warn about unknown or duplicate fields without blocking the request if server-side field validation is enabled on the API server, and behave as "ignore" otherwise.
"false" or "ignore" will not perform any schema validation, silently dropping any unknown or duplicate fields.

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

3.15.24 - kubectl create token

Synopsis

Request a service account token.

kubectl create token SERVICE_ACCOUNT_NAME

Examples

  # Request a token to authenticate to the kube-apiserver as the service account "myapp" in the current namespace
  kubectl create token myapp
  
  # Request a token for a service account in a custom namespace
  kubectl create token myapp --namespace myns
  
  # Request a token with a custom expiration
  kubectl create token myapp --duration 10m
  
  # Request a token with a custom audience
  kubectl create token myapp --audience https://example.com
  
  # Request a token bound to an instance of a Secret object
  kubectl create token myapp --bound-object-kind Secret --bound-object-name mysecret
  
  # Request a token bound to an instance of a Secret object with a specific UID
  kubectl create token myapp --bound-object-kind Secret --bound-object-name mysecret --bound-object-uid 0d4691ed-659b-4935-a832-355f77ee47cc

Options

--allow-missing-template-keys     Default: true

If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.

--audience strings

Audience of the requested token. If unset, defaults to requesting a token for use with the Kubernetes API server. May be repeated to request a token valid for multiple audiences.

--bound-object-kind string

Kind of an object to bind the token to. Supported kinds are Pod, Secret. If set, --bound-object-name must be provided.

--bound-object-name string

Name of an object to bind the token to. The token will expire when the object is deleted. Requires --bound-object-kind.

--bound-object-uid string

UID of an object to bind the token to. Requires --bound-object-kind and --bound-object-name. If unset, the UID of the existing object is used.

--duration duration

Requested lifetime of the issued token. If not set or if set to 0, the lifetime will be determined by the server automatically. The server may return a token with a longer or shorter lifetime.

-h, --help

help for token

-o, --output string

Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).

--show-managed-fields

If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.

--template string

Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

3.16 - kubectl debug

Synopsis

Debug cluster resources using interactive debugging containers.

'debug' provides automation for common debugging tasks for cluster objects identified by resource and name. Pods will be used by default if no resource is specified.

The action taken by 'debug' varies depending on what resource is specified. Supported actions include:

  • Workload: Create a copy of an existing pod with certain attributes changed, for example changing the image tag to a new version.
  • Workload: Add an ephemeral container to an already running pod, for example to add debugging utilities without restarting the pod.
  • Node: Create a new pod that runs in the node's host namespaces and can access the node's filesystem.
kubectl debug (POD | TYPE[[.VERSION].GROUP]/NAME) [ -- COMMAND [args...] ]

Examples

  # Create an interactive debugging session in pod mypod and immediately attach to it.
  kubectl debug mypod -it --image=busybox
  
  # Create an interactive debugging session for the pod in the file pod.yaml and immediately attach to it.
  # (requires the EphemeralContainers feature to be enabled in the cluster)
  kubectl debug -f pod.yaml -it --image=busybox
  
  # Create a debug container named debugger using a custom automated debugging image.
  kubectl debug --image=myproj/debug-tools -c debugger mypod
  
  # Create a copy of mypod adding a debug container and attach to it
  kubectl debug mypod -it --image=busybox --copy-to=my-debugger
  
  # Create a copy of mypod changing the command of mycontainer
  kubectl debug mypod -it --copy-to=my-debugger --container=mycontainer -- sh
  
  # Create a copy of mypod changing all container images to busybox
  kubectl debug mypod --copy-to=my-debugger --set-image=*=busybox
  
  # Create a copy of mypod adding a debug container and changing container images
  kubectl debug mypod -it --copy-to=my-debugger --image=debian --set-image=app=app:debug,sidecar=sidecar:debug
  
  # Create an interactive debugging session on a node and immediately attach to it.
  # The container will run in the host namespaces and the host's filesystem will be mounted at /host
  kubectl debug node/mynode -it --image=busybox

Options

--arguments-only

If specified, everything after -- will be passed to the new container as Args instead of Command.

--attach

If true, wait for the container to start running, and then attach as if 'kubectl attach ...' were called. Default false, unless '-i/--stdin' is set, in which case the default is true.

-c, --container string

Container name to use for debug container.

--copy-to string

Create a copy of the target Pod with this name.

--env stringToString     Default: []

Environment variables to set in the container.

-f, --filename strings

identifying the resource to debug

-h, --help

help for debug

--image string

Container image to use for debug container.

--image-pull-policy string

The image pull policy for the container. If left empty, this value will not be specified by the client and defaulted by the server.

--profile string     Default: "legacy"

Options are "legacy", "general", "baseline", "netadmin", "restricted" or "sysadmin".

-q, --quiet

If true, suppress informational messages.

--replace

When used with '--copy-to', delete the original Pod.

--same-node

When used with '--copy-to', schedule the copy of target Pod on the same node.

--set-image stringToString     Default: []

When used with '--copy-to', a list of name=image pairs for changing container images, similar to how 'kubectl set image' works.

--share-processes     Default: true

When used with '--copy-to', enable process namespace sharing in the copy.

-i, --stdin

Keep stdin open on the container(s) in the pod, even if nothing is attached.

--target string

When using an ephemeral container, target processes in this container name.

-t, --tty

Allocate a TTY for the debugging container.

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

  • kubectl - kubectl controls the Kubernetes cluster manager

3.17 - kubectl delete

Synopsis

Delete resources by file names, stdin, resources and names, or by resources and label selector.

JSON and YAML formats are accepted. Only one type of argument may be specified: file names, resources and names, or resources and label selector.

Some resources, such as pods, support graceful deletion. These resources define a default period before they are forcibly terminated (the grace period) but you may override that value with the --grace-period flag, or pass --now to set a grace-period of 1. Because these resources often represent entities in the cluster, deletion may not be acknowledged immediately. If the node hosting a pod is down or cannot reach the API server, termination may take significantly longer than the grace period. To force delete a resource, you must specify the --force flag. Note: only a subset of resources support graceful deletion. In absence of the support, the --grace-period flag is ignored.

IMPORTANT: Force deleting pods does not wait for confirmation that the pod's processes have been terminated, which can leave those processes running until the node detects the deletion and completes graceful deletion. If your processes use shared storage or talk to a remote API and depend on the name of the pod to identify themselves, force deleting those pods may result in multiple processes running on different machines using the same identification which may lead to data corruption or inconsistency. Only force delete pods when you are sure the pod is terminated, or if your application can tolerate multiple copies of the same pod running at once. Also, if you force delete pods, the scheduler may place new pods on those nodes before the node has released those resources and causing those pods to be evicted immediately.

Note that the delete command does NOT do resource version checks, so if someone submits an update to a resource right when you submit a delete, their update will be lost along with the rest of the resource.

After a CustomResourceDefinition is deleted, invalidation of discovery cache may take up to 6 hours. If you don't want to wait, you might want to run "kubectl api-resources" to refresh the discovery cache.

kubectl delete ([-f FILENAME] | [-k DIRECTORY] | TYPE [(NAME | -l label | --all)])

Examples

  # Delete a pod using the type and name specified in pod.json
  kubectl delete -f ./pod.json
  
  # Delete resources from a directory containing kustomization.yaml - e.g. dir/kustomization.yaml
  kubectl delete -k dir
  
  # Delete resources from all files that end with '.json'
  kubectl delete -f '*.json'
  
  # Delete a pod based on the type and name in the JSON passed into stdin
  cat pod.json | kubectl delete -f -
  
  # Delete pods and services with same names "baz" and "foo"
  kubectl delete pod,service baz foo
  
  # Delete pods and services with label name=myLabel
  kubectl delete pods,services -l name=myLabel
  
  # Delete a pod with minimal delay
  kubectl delete pod foo --now
  
  # Force delete a pod on a dead node
  kubectl delete pod foo --force
  
  # Delete all pods
  kubectl delete pods --all

Options

--all

Delete all resources, in the namespace of the specified resource types.

-A, --all-namespaces

If present, list the requested object(s) across all namespaces. Namespace in current context is ignored even if specified with --namespace.

--cascade string[="background"]     Default: "background"

Must be "background", "orphan", or "foreground". Selects the deletion cascading strategy for the dependents (e.g. Pods created by a ReplicationController). Defaults to background.

--dry-run string[="unchanged"]     Default: "none"

Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.

--field-selector string

Selector (field query) to filter on, supports '=', '==', and '!='.(e.g. --field-selector key1=value1,key2=value2). The server only supports a limited number of field queries per type.

-f, --filename strings

containing the resource to delete.

--force

If true, immediately remove resources from API and bypass graceful deletion. Note that immediate deletion of some resources may result in inconsistency or data loss and requires confirmation.

--grace-period int     Default: -1

Period of time in seconds given to the resource to terminate gracefully. Ignored if negative. Set to 1 for immediate shutdown. Can only be set to 0 when --force is true (force deletion).

-h, --help

help for delete

--ignore-not-found

Treat "resource not found" as a successful delete. Defaults to "true" when --all is specified.

-i, --interactive

If true, delete resource only when user confirms.

-k, --kustomize string

Process a kustomization directory. This flag can't be used together with -f or -R.

--now

If true, resources are signaled for immediate shutdown (same as --grace-period=1).

-o, --output string

Output mode. Use "-o name" for shorter output (resource/name).

--raw string

Raw URI to DELETE to the server. Uses the transport specified by the kubeconfig file.

-R, --recursive

Process the directory used in -f, --filename recursively. Useful when you want to manage related manifests organized within the same directory.

-l, --selector string

Selector (label query) to filter on, supports '=', '==', and '!='.(e.g. -l key1=value1,key2=value2). Matching objects must satisfy all of the specified label constraints.

--timeout duration

The length of time to wait before giving up on a delete, zero means determine a timeout from the size of the object

--wait     Default: true

If true, wait for resources to be gone before returning. This waits for finalizers.

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

  • kubectl - kubectl controls the Kubernetes cluster manager

3.18 - kubectl describe

Synopsis

Show details of a specific resource or group of resources.

Print a detailed description of the selected resources, including related resources such as events or controllers. You may select a single object by name, all objects of that type, provide a name prefix, or label selector. For example:

    $ kubectl describe TYPE NAME_PREFIX

will first check for an exact match on TYPE and NAME_PREFIX. If no such resource exists, it will output details for every resource that has a name prefixed with NAME_PREFIX.

Use "kubectl api-resources" for a complete list of supported resources.

kubectl describe (-f FILENAME | TYPE [NAME_PREFIX | -l label] | TYPE/NAME)

Examples

  # Describe a node
  kubectl describe nodes kubernetes-node-emt8.c.myproject.internal
  
  # Describe a pod
  kubectl describe pods/nginx
  
  # Describe a pod identified by type and name in "pod.json"
  kubectl describe -f pod.json
  
  # Describe all pods
  kubectl describe pods
  
  # Describe pods by label name=myLabel
  kubectl describe pods -l name=myLabel
  
  # Describe all pods managed by the 'frontend' replication controller
  # (rc-created pods get the name of the rc as a prefix in the pod name)
  kubectl describe pods frontend

Options

-A, --all-namespaces

If present, list the requested object(s) across all namespaces. Namespace in current context is ignored even if specified with --namespace.

--chunk-size int     Default: 500

Return large lists in chunks rather than all at once. Pass 0 to disable. This flag is beta and may change in the future.

-f, --filename strings

Filename, directory, or URL to files containing the resource to describe

-h, --help

help for describe

-k, --kustomize string

Process the kustomization directory. This flag can't be used together with -f or -R.

-R, --recursive

Process the directory used in -f, --filename recursively. Useful when you want to manage related manifests organized within the same directory.

-l, --selector string

Selector (label query) to filter on, supports '=', '==', and '!='.(e.g. -l key1=value1,key2=value2). Matching objects must satisfy all of the specified label constraints.

--show-events     Default: true

If true, display events related to the described object.

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

  • kubectl - kubectl controls the Kubernetes cluster manager

3.19 - kubectl diff

Synopsis

Diff configurations specified by file name or stdin between the current online configuration, and the configuration as it would be if applied.

The output is always YAML.

KUBECTL_EXTERNAL_DIFF environment variable can be used to select your own diff command. Users can use external commands with params too, example: KUBECTL_EXTERNAL_DIFF="colordiff -N -u"

By default, the "diff" command available in your path will be run with the "-u" (unified diff) and "-N" (treat absent files as empty) options.

Exit status: 0 No differences were found. 1 Differences were found. >1 Kubectl or diff failed with an error.

Note: KUBECTL_EXTERNAL_DIFF, if used, is expected to follow that convention.

kubectl diff -f FILENAME

Examples

  # Diff resources included in pod.json
  kubectl diff -f pod.json
  
  # Diff file read from stdin
  cat service.yaml | kubectl diff -f -

Options

--concurrency int     Default: 1

Number of objects to process in parallel when diffing against the live version. Larger number = faster, but more memory, I/O and CPU over that shorter period of time.

--field-manager string     Default: "kubectl-client-side-apply"

Name of the manager used to track field ownership.

-f, --filename strings

Filename, directory, or URL to files contains the configuration to diff

--force-conflicts

If true, server-side apply will force the changes against conflicts.

-h, --help

help for diff

-k, --kustomize string

Process the kustomization directory. This flag can't be used together with -f or -R.

--prune

Include resources that would be deleted by pruning. Can be used with -l and default shows all resources would be pruned

--prune-allowlist strings

Overwrite the default allowlist with <group/version/kind> for --prune

-R, --recursive

Process the directory used in -f, --filename recursively. Useful when you want to manage related manifests organized within the same directory.

-l, --selector string

Selector (label query) to filter on, supports '=', '==', and '!='.(e.g. -l key1=value1,key2=value2). Matching objects must satisfy all of the specified label constraints.

--server-side

If true, apply runs in the server instead of the client.

--show-managed-fields

If true, include managed fields in the diff.

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

  • kubectl - kubectl controls the Kubernetes cluster manager

3.20 - kubectl drain

Synopsis

Drain node in preparation for maintenance.

The given node will be marked unschedulable to prevent new pods from arriving. 'drain' evicts the pods if the API server supports https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/workloads/pods/disruptions/ eviction https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/workloads/pods/disruptions/ . Otherwise, it will use normal DELETE to delete the pods. The 'drain' evicts or deletes all pods except mirror pods (which cannot be deleted through the API server). If there are daemon set-managed pods, drain will not proceed without --ignore-daemonsets, and regardless it will not delete any daemon set-managed pods, because those pods would be immediately replaced by the daemon set controller, which ignores unschedulable markings. If there are any pods that are neither mirror pods nor managed by a replication controller, replica set, daemon set, stateful set, or job, then drain will not delete any pods unless you use --force. --force will also allow deletion to proceed if the managing resource of one or more pods is missing.

'drain' waits for graceful termination. You should not operate on the machine until the command completes.

When you are ready to put the node back into service, use kubectl uncordon, which will make the node schedulable again.

https://kubernetes.io/images/docs/kubectl_drain.svg Workflowhttps://kubernetes.io/images/docs/kubectl_drain.svg

kubectl drain NODE

Examples

  # Drain node "foo", even if there are pods not managed by a replication controller, replica set, job, daemon set, or stateful set on it
  kubectl drain foo --force
  
  # As above, but abort if there are pods not managed by a replication controller, replica set, job, daemon set, or stateful set, and use a grace period of 15 minutes
  kubectl drain foo --grace-period=900

Options

--chunk-size int     Default: 500

Return large lists in chunks rather than all at once. Pass 0 to disable. This flag is beta and may change in the future.

--delete-emptydir-data

Continue even if there are pods using emptyDir (local data that will be deleted when the node is drained).

--disable-eviction

Force drain to use delete, even if eviction is supported. This will bypass checking PodDisruptionBudgets, use with caution.

--dry-run string[="unchanged"]     Default: "none"

Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.

--force

Continue even if there are pods that do not declare a controller.

--grace-period int     Default: -1

Period of time in seconds given to each pod to terminate gracefully. If negative, the default value specified in the pod will be used.

-h, --help

help for drain

--ignore-daemonsets

Ignore DaemonSet-managed pods.

--pod-selector string

Label selector to filter pods on the node

-l, --selector string

Selector (label query) to filter on, supports '=', '==', and '!='.(e.g. -l key1=value1,key2=value2). Matching objects must satisfy all of the specified label constraints.

--skip-wait-for-delete-timeout int

If pod DeletionTimestamp older than N seconds, skip waiting for the pod. Seconds must be greater than 0 to skip.

--timeout duration

The length of time to wait before giving up, zero means infinite

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

  • kubectl - kubectl controls the Kubernetes cluster manager

3.21 - kubectl edit

Synopsis

Edit a resource from the default editor.

The edit command allows you to directly edit any API resource you can retrieve via the command-line tools. It will open the editor defined by your KUBE_EDITOR, or EDITOR environment variables, or fall back to 'vi' for Linux or 'notepad' for Windows. When attempting to open the editor, it will first attempt to use the shell that has been defined in the 'SHELL' environment variable. If this is not defined, the default shell will be used, which is '/bin/bash' for Linux or 'cmd' for Windows.

You can edit multiple objects, although changes are applied one at a time. The command accepts file names as well as command-line arguments, although the files you point to must be previously saved versions of resources.

Editing is done with the API version used to fetch the resource. To edit using a specific API version, fully-qualify the resource, version, and group.

The default format is YAML. To edit in JSON, specify "-o json".

The flag --windows-line-endings can be used to force Windows line endings, otherwise the default for your operating system will be used.

In the event an error occurs while updating, a temporary file will be created on disk that contains your unapplied changes. The most common error when updating a resource is another editor changing the resource on the server. When this occurs, you will have to apply your changes to the newer version of the resource, or update your temporary saved copy to include the latest resource version.

kubectl edit (RESOURCE/NAME | -f FILENAME)

Examples

  # Edit the service named 'registry'
  kubectl edit svc/registry
  
  # Use an alternative editor
  KUBE_EDITOR="nano" kubectl edit svc/registry
  
  # Edit the job 'myjob' in JSON using the v1 API format
  kubectl edit job.v1.batch/myjob -o json
  
  # Edit the deployment 'mydeployment' in YAML and save the modified config in its annotation
  kubectl edit deployment/mydeployment -o yaml --save-config
  
  # Edit the 'status' subresource for the 'mydeployment' deployment
  kubectl edit deployment mydeployment --subresource='status'

Options

--allow-missing-template-keys     Default: true

If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.

--field-manager string     Default: "kubectl-edit"

Name of the manager used to track field ownership.

-f, --filename strings

Filename, directory, or URL to files to use to edit the resource

-h, --help

help for edit

-k, --kustomize string

Process the kustomization directory. This flag can't be used together with -f or -R.

-o, --output string

Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).

--output-patch

Output the patch if the resource is edited.

-R, --recursive

Process the directory used in -f, --filename recursively. Useful when you want to manage related manifests organized within the same directory.

--save-config

If true, the configuration of current object will be saved in its annotation. Otherwise, the annotation will be unchanged. This flag is useful when you want to perform kubectl apply on this object in the future.

--show-managed-fields

If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.

--subresource string

If specified, edit will operate on the subresource of the requested object. Must be one of [status]. This flag is beta and may change in the future.

--template string

Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].

--validate string[="strict"]     Default: "strict"

Must be one of: strict (or true), warn, ignore (or false).
"true" or "strict" will use a schema to validate the input and fail the request if invalid. It will perform server side validation if ServerSideFieldValidation is enabled on the api-server, but will fall back to less reliable client-side validation if not.
"warn" will warn about unknown or duplicate fields without blocking the request if server-side field validation is enabled on the API server, and behave as "ignore" otherwise.
"false" or "ignore" will not perform any schema validation, silently dropping any unknown or duplicate fields.

--windows-line-endings

Defaults to the line ending native to your platform.

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

  • kubectl - kubectl controls the Kubernetes cluster manager

3.22 - kubectl events

Synopsis

Display events.

Prints a table of the most important information about events. You can request events for a namespace, for all namespace, or filtered to only those pertaining to a specified resource.

kubectl events [(-o|--output=)json|yaml|name|go-template|go-template-file|template|templatefile|jsonpath|jsonpath-as-json|jsonpath-file] [--for TYPE/NAME] [--watch] [--types=Normal,Warning]

Examples

  # List recent events in the default namespace
  kubectl events
  
  # List recent events in all namespaces
  kubectl events --all-namespaces
  
  # List recent events for the specified pod, then wait for more events and list them as they arrive
  kubectl events --for pod/web-pod-13je7 --watch
  
  # List recent events in YAML format
  kubectl events -oyaml
  
  # List recent only events of type 'Warning' or 'Normal'
  kubectl events --types=Warning,Normal

Options

-A, --all-namespaces

If present, list the requested object(s) across all namespaces. Namespace in current context is ignored even if specified with --namespace.

--allow-missing-template-keys     Default: true

If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.

--chunk-size int     Default: 500

Return large lists in chunks rather than all at once. Pass 0 to disable. This flag is beta and may change in the future.

--for string

Filter events to only those pertaining to the specified resource.

-h, --help

help for events

--no-headers

When using the default output format, don't print headers.

-o, --output string

Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).

--show-managed-fields

If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.

--template string

Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].

--types strings

Output only events of given types.

-w, --watch

After listing the requested events, watch for more events.

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

  • kubectl - kubectl controls the Kubernetes cluster manager

3.23 - kubectl exec

Synopsis

Execute a command in a container.

kubectl exec (POD | TYPE/NAME) [-c CONTAINER] [flags] -- COMMAND [args...]

Examples

  # Get output from running the 'date' command from pod mypod, using the first container by default
  kubectl exec mypod -- date
  
  # Get output from running the 'date' command in ruby-container from pod mypod
  kubectl exec mypod -c ruby-container -- date
  
  # Switch to raw terminal mode; sends stdin to 'bash' in ruby-container from pod mypod
  # and sends stdout/stderr from 'bash' back to the client
  kubectl exec mypod -c ruby-container -i -t -- bash -il
  
  # List contents of /usr from the first container of pod mypod and sort by modification time
  # If the command you want to execute in the pod has any flags in common (e.g. -i),
  # you must use two dashes (--) to separate your command's flags/arguments
  # Also note, do not surround your command and its flags/arguments with quotes
  # unless that is how you would execute it normally (i.e., do ls -t /usr, not "ls -t /usr")
  kubectl exec mypod -i -t -- ls -t /usr
  
  # Get output from running 'date' command from the first pod of the deployment mydeployment, using the first container by default
  kubectl exec deploy/mydeployment -- date
  
  # Get output from running 'date' command from the first pod of the service myservice, using the first container by default
  kubectl exec svc/myservice -- date

Options

-c, --container string

Container name. If omitted, use the kubectl.kubernetes.io/default-container annotation for selecting the container to be attached or the first container in the pod will be chosen

-f, --filename strings

to use to exec into the resource

-h, --help

help for exec

--pod-running-timeout duration     Default: 1m0s

The length of time (like 5s, 2m, or 3h, higher than zero) to wait until at least one pod is running

-q, --quiet

Only print output from the remote session

-i, --stdin

Pass stdin to the container

-t, --tty

Stdin is a TTY

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

  • kubectl - kubectl controls the Kubernetes cluster manager

3.24 - kubectl explain

Synopsis

Describe fields and structure of various resources.

This command describes the fields associated with each supported API resource. Fields are identified via a simple JSONPath identifier:

    &lt;type&gt;.&lt;fieldName&gt;[.&lt;fieldName&gt;]

Information about each field is retrieved from the server in OpenAPI format.

Use "kubectl api-resources" for a complete list of supported resources.

kubectl explain TYPE [--recursive=FALSE|TRUE] [--api-version=api-version-group] [--output=plaintext|plaintext-openapiv2]

Examples

  # Get the documentation of the resource and its fields
  kubectl explain pods
  
  # Get all the fields in the resource
  kubectl explain pods --recursive
  
  # Get the explanation for deployment in supported api versions
  kubectl explain deployments --api-version=apps/v1
  
  # Get the documentation of a specific field of a resource
  kubectl explain pods.spec.containers
  
  # Get the documentation of resources in different format
  kubectl explain deployment --output=plaintext-openapiv2

Options

--api-version string

Use given api-version (group/version) of the resource.

-h, --help

help for explain

--output string     Default: "plaintext"

Format in which to render the schema. Valid values are: (plaintext, plaintext-openapiv2).

--recursive

When true, print the name of all the fields recursively. Otherwise, print the available fields with their description.

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

  • kubectl - kubectl controls the Kubernetes cluster manager

3.25 - kubectl expose

Synopsis

Expose a resource as a new Kubernetes service.

Looks up a deployment, service, replica set, replication controller or pod by name and uses the selector for that resource as the selector for a new service on the specified port. A deployment or replica set will be exposed as a service only if its selector is convertible to a selector that service supports, i.e. when the selector contains only the matchLabels component. Note that if no port is specified via --port and the exposed resource has multiple ports, all will be re-used by the new service. Also if no labels are specified, the new service will re-use the labels from the resource it exposes.

Possible resources include (case insensitive):

pod (po), service (svc), replicationcontroller (rc), deployment (deploy), replicaset (rs)

kubectl expose (-f FILENAME | TYPE NAME) [--port=port] [--protocol=TCP|UDP|SCTP] [--target-port=number-or-name] [--name=name] [--external-ip=external-ip-of-service] [--type=type]

Examples

  # Create a service for a replicated nginx, which serves on port 80 and connects to the containers on port 8000
  kubectl expose rc nginx --port=80 --target-port=8000
  
  # Create a service for a replication controller identified by type and name specified in "nginx-controller.yaml", which serves on port 80 and connects to the containers on port 8000
  kubectl expose -f nginx-controller.yaml --port=80 --target-port=8000
  
  # Create a service for a pod valid-pod, which serves on port 444 with the name "frontend"
  kubectl expose pod valid-pod --port=444 --name=frontend
  
  # Create a second service based on the above service, exposing the container port 8443 as port 443 with the name "nginx-https"
  kubectl expose service nginx --port=443 --target-port=8443 --name=nginx-https
  
  # Create a service for a replicated streaming application on port 4100 balancing UDP traffic and named 'video-stream'.
  kubectl expose rc streamer --port=4100 --protocol=UDP --name=video-stream
  
  # Create a service for a replicated nginx using replica set, which serves on port 80 and connects to the containers on port 8000
  kubectl expose rs nginx --port=80 --target-port=8000
  
  # Create a service for an nginx deployment, which serves on port 80 and connects to the containers on port 8000
  kubectl expose deployment nginx --port=80 --target-port=8000

Options

--allow-missing-template-keys     Default: true

If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.

--cluster-ip string

ClusterIP to be assigned to the service. Leave empty to auto-allocate, or set to 'None' to create a headless service.

--dry-run string[="unchanged"]     Default: "none"

Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.

--external-ip string

Additional external IP address (not managed by Kubernetes) to accept for the service. If this IP is routed to a node, the service can be accessed by this IP in addition to its generated service IP.

--field-manager string     Default: "kubectl-expose"

Name of the manager used to track field ownership.

-f, --filename strings

Filename, directory, or URL to files identifying the resource to expose a service

-h, --help

help for expose

-k, --kustomize string

Process the kustomization directory. This flag can't be used together with -f or -R.

-l, --labels string

Labels to apply to the service created by this call.

--load-balancer-ip string

IP to assign to the LoadBalancer. If empty, an ephemeral IP will be created and used (cloud-provider specific).

--name string

The name for the newly created object.

-o, --output string

Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).

--override-type string     Default: "merge"

The method used to override the generated object: json, merge, or strategic.

--overrides string

An inline JSON override for the generated object. If this is non-empty, it is used to override the generated object. Requires that the object supply a valid apiVersion field.

--port string

The port that the service should serve on. Copied from the resource being exposed, if unspecified

--protocol string

The network protocol for the service to be created. Default is 'TCP'.

-R, --recursive

Process the directory used in -f, --filename recursively. Useful when you want to manage related manifests organized within the same directory.

--save-config

If true, the configuration of current object will be saved in its annotation. Otherwise, the annotation will be unchanged. This flag is useful when you want to perform kubectl apply on this object in the future.

--selector string

A label selector to use for this service. Only equality-based selector requirements are supported. If empty (the default) infer the selector from the replication controller or replica set.)

--session-affinity string

If non-empty, set the session affinity for the service to this; legal values: 'None', 'ClientIP'

--show-managed-fields

If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.

--target-port string

Name or number for the port on the container that the service should direct traffic to. Optional.

--template string

Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].

--type string

Type for this service: ClusterIP, NodePort, LoadBalancer, or ExternalName. Default is 'ClusterIP'.

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

  • kubectl - kubectl controls the Kubernetes cluster manager

3.26 - kubectl get

Synopsis

Display one or many resources.

Prints a table of the most important information about the specified resources. You can filter the list using a label selector and the --selector flag. If the desired resource type is namespaced you will only see results in your current namespace unless you pass --all-namespaces.

By specifying the output as 'template' and providing a Go template as the value of the --template flag, you can filter the attributes of the fetched resources.

Use "kubectl api-resources" for a complete list of supported resources.

kubectl get [(-o|--output=)json|yaml|name|go-template|go-template-file|template|templatefile|jsonpath|jsonpath-as-json|jsonpath-file|custom-columns|custom-columns-file|wide] (TYPE[.VERSION][.GROUP] [NAME | -l label] | TYPE[.VERSION][.GROUP]/NAME ...) [flags]

Examples

  # List all pods in ps output format
  kubectl get pods
  
  # List all pods in ps output format with more information (such as node name)
  kubectl get pods -o wide
  
  # List a single replication controller with specified NAME in ps output format
  kubectl get replicationcontroller web
  
  # List deployments in JSON output format, in the "v1" version of the "apps" API group
  kubectl get deployments.v1.apps -o json
  
  # List a single pod in JSON output format
  kubectl get -o json pod web-pod-13je7
  
  # List a pod identified by type and name specified in "pod.yaml" in JSON output format
  kubectl get -f pod.yaml -o json
  
  # List resources from a directory with kustomization.yaml - e.g. dir/kustomization.yaml
  kubectl get -k dir/
  
  # Return only the phase value of the specified pod
  kubectl get -o template pod/web-pod-13je7 --template={{.status.phase}}
  
  # List resource information in custom columns
  kubectl get pod test-pod -o custom-columns=CONTAINER:.spec.containers[0].name,IMAGE:.spec.containers[0].image
  
  # List all replication controllers and services together in ps output format
  kubectl get rc,services
  
  # List one or more resources by their type and names
  kubectl get rc/web service/frontend pods/web-pod-13je7
  
  # List the 'status' subresource for a single pod
  kubectl get pod web-pod-13je7 --subresource status

Options

-A, --all-namespaces

If present, list the requested object(s) across all namespaces. Namespace in current context is ignored even if specified with --namespace.

--allow-missing-template-keys     Default: true

If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.

--chunk-size int     Default: 500

Return large lists in chunks rather than all at once. Pass 0 to disable. This flag is beta and may change in the future.

--field-selector string

Selector (field query) to filter on, supports '=', '==', and '!='.(e.g. --field-selector key1=value1,key2=value2). The server only supports a limited number of field queries per type.

-f, --filename strings

Filename, directory, or URL to files identifying the resource to get from a server.

-h, --help

help for get

--ignore-not-found

If the requested object does not exist the command will return exit code 0.

-k, --kustomize string

Process the kustomization directory. This flag can't be used together with -f or -R.

-L, --label-columns strings

Accepts a comma separated list of labels that are going to be presented as columns. Names are case-sensitive. You can also use multiple flag options like -L label1 -L label2...

--no-headers

When using the default or custom-column output format, don't print headers (default print headers).

-o, --output string

Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file, custom-columns, custom-columns-file, wide). See custom columns [https://kubernetes.io/docs/reference/kubectl/#custom-columns], golang template [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview] and jsonpath template [https://kubernetes.io/docs/reference/kubectl/jsonpath/].

--output-watch-events

Output watch event objects when --watch or --watch-only is used. Existing objects are output as initial ADDED events.

--raw string

Raw URI to request from the server. Uses the transport specified by the kubeconfig file.

-R, --recursive

Process the directory used in -f, --filename recursively. Useful when you want to manage related manifests organized within the same directory.

-l, --selector string

Selector (label query) to filter on, supports '=', '==', and '!='.(e.g. -l key1=value1,key2=value2). Matching objects must satisfy all of the specified label constraints.

--server-print     Default: true

If true, have the server return the appropriate table output. Supports extension APIs and CRDs.

--show-kind

If present, list the resource type for the requested object(s).

--show-labels

When printing, show all labels as the last column (default hide labels column)

--show-managed-fields

If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.

--sort-by string

If non-empty, sort list types using this field specification. The field specification is expressed as a JSONPath expression (e.g. '{.metadata.name}'). The field in the API resource specified by this JSONPath expression must be an integer or a string.

--subresource string

If specified, gets the subresource of the requested object. Must be one of [status scale]. This flag is beta and may change in the future.

--template string

Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].

-w, --watch

After listing/getting the requested object, watch for changes.

--watch-only

Watch for changes to the requested object(s), without listing/getting first.

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

  • kubectl - kubectl controls the Kubernetes cluster manager

3.27 - kubectl kustomize

Synopsis

Build a set of KRM resources using a 'kustomization.yaml' file. The DIR argument must be a path to a directory containing 'kustomization.yaml', or a git repository URL with a path suffix specifying same with respect to the repository root. If DIR is omitted, '.' is assumed.

kubectl kustomize DIR [flags]

Examples

  # Build the current working directory
  kubectl kustomize
  
  # Build some shared configuration directory
  kubectl kustomize /home/config/production
  
  # Build from github
  kubectl kustomize https://github.com/kubernetes-sigs/kustomize.git/examples/helloWorld?ref=v1.0.6

Options

--as-current-user

use the uid and gid of the command executor to run the function in the container

--enable-alpha-plugins

enable kustomize plugins

--enable-helm

Enable use of the Helm chart inflator generator.

-e, --env strings

a list of environment variables to be used by functions

--helm-command string     Default: "helm"

helm command (path to executable)

-h, --help

help for kustomize

--load-restrictor string     Default: "LoadRestrictionsRootOnly"

if set to 'LoadRestrictionsNone', local kustomizations may load files from outside their root. This does, however, break the relocatability of the kustomization.

--mount strings

a list of storage options read from the filesystem

--network

enable network access for functions that declare it

--network-name string     Default: "bridge"

the docker network to run the container in

-o, --output string

If specified, write output to this path.

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

  • kubectl - kubectl controls the Kubernetes cluster manager

3.28 - kubectl label

Synopsis

Update the labels on a resource.

  • A label key and value must begin with a letter or number, and may contain letters, numbers, hyphens, dots, and underscores, up to 63 characters each.
  • Optionally, the key can begin with a DNS subdomain prefix and a single '/', like example.com/my-app.
  • If --overwrite is true, then existing labels can be overwritten, otherwise attempting to overwrite a label will result in an error.
  • If --resource-version is specified, then updates will use this resource version, otherwise the existing resource-version will be used.
kubectl label [--overwrite] (-f FILENAME | TYPE NAME) KEY_1=VAL_1 ... KEY_N=VAL_N [--resource-version=version]

Examples

  # Update pod 'foo' with the label 'unhealthy' and the value 'true'
  kubectl label pods foo unhealthy=true
  
  # Update pod 'foo' with the label 'status' and the value 'unhealthy', overwriting any existing value
  kubectl label --overwrite pods foo status=unhealthy
  
  # Update all pods in the namespace
  kubectl label pods --all status=unhealthy
  
  # Update a pod identified by the type and name in "pod.json"
  kubectl label -f pod.json status=unhealthy
  
  # Update pod 'foo' only if the resource is unchanged from version 1
  kubectl label pods foo status=unhealthy --resource-version=1
  
  # Update pod 'foo' by removing a label named 'bar' if it exists
  # Does not require the --overwrite flag
  kubectl label pods foo bar-

Options

--all

Select all resources, in the namespace of the specified resource types

-A, --all-namespaces

If true, check the specified action in all namespaces.

--allow-missing-template-keys     Default: true

If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.

--dry-run string[="unchanged"]     Default: "none"

Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.

--field-manager string     Default: "kubectl-label"

Name of the manager used to track field ownership.

--field-selector string

Selector (field query) to filter on, supports '=', '==', and '!='.(e.g. --field-selector key1=value1,key2=value2). The server only supports a limited number of field queries per type.

-f, --filename strings

Filename, directory, or URL to files identifying the resource to update the labels

-h, --help

help for label

-k, --kustomize string

Process the kustomization directory. This flag can't be used together with -f or -R.

--list

If true, display the labels for a given resource.

--local

If true, label will NOT contact api-server but run locally.

-o, --output string

Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).

--overwrite

If true, allow labels to be overwritten, otherwise reject label updates that overwrite existing labels.

-R, --recursive

Process the directory used in -f, --filename recursively. Useful when you want to manage related manifests organized within the same directory.

--resource-version string

If non-empty, the labels update will only succeed if this is the current resource-version for the object. Only valid when specifying a single resource.

-l, --selector string

Selector (label query) to filter on, supports '=', '==', and '!='.(e.g. -l key1=value1,key2=value2). Matching objects must satisfy all of the specified label constraints.

--show-managed-fields

If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.

--template string

Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

  • kubectl - kubectl controls the Kubernetes cluster manager

3.29 - kubectl logs

Synopsis

Print the logs for a container in a pod or specified resource. If the pod has only one container, the container name is optional.

kubectl logs [-f] [-p] (POD | TYPE/NAME) [-c CONTAINER]

Examples

  # Return snapshot logs from pod nginx with only one container
  kubectl logs nginx
  
  # Return snapshot logs from pod nginx with multi containers
  kubectl logs nginx --all-containers=true
  
  # Return snapshot logs from all containers in pods defined by label app=nginx
  kubectl logs -l app=nginx --all-containers=true
  
  # Return snapshot of previous terminated ruby container logs from pod web-1
  kubectl logs -p -c ruby web-1
  
  # Begin streaming the logs of the ruby container in pod web-1
  kubectl logs -f -c ruby web-1
  
  # Begin streaming the logs from all containers in pods defined by label app=nginx
  kubectl logs -f -l app=nginx --all-containers=true
  
  # Display only the most recent 20 lines of output in pod nginx
  kubectl logs --tail=20 nginx
  
  # Show all logs from pod nginx written in the last hour
  kubectl logs --since=1h nginx
  
  # Show logs from a kubelet with an expired serving certificate
  kubectl logs --insecure-skip-tls-verify-backend nginx
  
  # Return snapshot logs from first container of a job named hello
  kubectl logs job/hello
  
  # Return snapshot logs from container nginx-1 of a deployment named nginx
  kubectl logs deployment/nginx -c nginx-1

Options

--all-containers

Get all containers' logs in the pod(s).

-c, --container string

Print the logs of this container

-f, --follow

Specify if the logs should be streamed.

-h, --help

help for logs

--ignore-errors

If watching / following pod logs, allow for any errors that occur to be non-fatal

--insecure-skip-tls-verify-backend

Skip verifying the identity of the kubelet that logs are requested from. In theory, an attacker could provide invalid log content back. You might want to use this if your kubelet serving certificates have expired.

--limit-bytes int

Maximum bytes of logs to return. Defaults to no limit.

--max-log-requests int     Default: 5

Specify maximum number of concurrent logs to follow when using by a selector. Defaults to 5.

--pod-running-timeout duration     Default: 20s

The length of time (like 5s, 2m, or 3h, higher than zero) to wait until at least one pod is running

--prefix

Prefix each log line with the log source (pod name and container name)

-p, --previous

If true, print the logs for the previous instance of the container in a pod if it exists.

-l, --selector string

Selector (label query) to filter on, supports '=', '==', and '!='.(e.g. -l key1=value1,key2=value2). Matching objects must satisfy all of the specified label constraints.

--since duration

Only return logs newer than a relative duration like 5s, 2m, or 3h. Defaults to all logs. Only one of since-time / since may be used.

--since-time string

Only return logs after a specific date (RFC3339). Defaults to all logs. Only one of since-time / since may be used.

--tail int     Default: -1

Lines of recent log file to display. Defaults to -1 with no selector, showing all log lines otherwise 10, if a selector is provided.

--timestamps

Include timestamps on each line in the log output

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

  • kubectl - kubectl controls the Kubernetes cluster manager

3.30 - kubectl options

Synopsis

Print the list of flags inherited by all commands

kubectl options [flags]

Examples

  # Print flags inherited by all commands
  kubectl options

Options

-h, --help

help for options

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string

Path to a client certificate file for TLS

--client-key string

Path to a client key file for TLS

--cloud-provider-gce-l7lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L7 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cloud-provider-gce-lb-src-cidrs cidrs     Default: 130.211.0.0/22,209.85.152.0/22,209.85.204.0/22,35.191.0.0/16

CIDRs opened in GCE firewall for L4 LB traffic proxy & health checks

--cluster string

The name of the kubeconfig cluster to use

--context string

The name of the kubeconfig context to use

--default-not-ready-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for notReady:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--default-unreachable-toleration-seconds int     Default: 300

Indicates the tolerationSeconds of the toleration for unreachable:NoExecute that is added by default to every pod that does not already have such a toleration.

--disable-compression

If true, opt-out of response compression for all requests to the server

--insecure-skip-tls-verify

If true, the server's certificate will not be checked for validity. This will make your HTTPS connections insecure

--kubeconfig string

Path to the kubeconfig file to use for CLI requests.

--match-server-version

Require server version to match client version

-n, --namespace string

If present, the namespace scope for this CLI request

--password string

Password for basic authentication to the API server

--profile string     Default: "none"

Name of profile to capture. One of (none|cpu|heap|goroutine|threadcreate|block|mutex)

--profile-output string     Default: "profile.pprof"

Name of the file to write the profile to

--request-timeout string     Default: "0"

The length of time to wait before giving up on a single server request. Non-zero values should contain a corresponding time unit (e.g. 1s, 2m, 3h). A value of zero means don't timeout requests.

-s, --server string

The address and port of the Kubernetes API server

--storage-driver-buffer-duration duration     Default: 1m0s

Writes in the storage driver will be buffered for this duration, and committed to the non memory backends as a single transaction

--storage-driver-db string     Default: "cadvisor"

database name

--storage-driver-host string     Default: "localhost:8086"

database host:port

--storage-driver-password string     Default: "root"

database password

--storage-driver-secure

use secure connection with database

--storage-driver-table string     Default: "stats"

table name

--storage-driver-user string     Default: "root"

database username

--tls-server-name string

Server name to use for server certificate validation. If it is not provided, the hostname used to contact the server is used

--token string

Bearer token for authentication to the API server

--user string

The name of the kubeconfig user to use

--username string

Username for basic authentication to the API server

--version version[=true]

--version, --version=raw prints version information and quits; --version=vX.Y.Z... sets the reported version

--warnings-as-errors

Treat warnings received from the server as errors and exit with a non-zero exit code

See Also

  • kubectl - kubectl controls the Kubernetes cluster manager

3.31 - kubectl patch

Synopsis

Update fields of a resource using strategic merge patch, a JSON merge patch, or a JSON patch.

JSON and YAML formats are accepted.

Note: Strategic merge patch is not supported for custom resources.

kubectl patch (-f FILENAME | TYPE NAME) [-p PATCH|--patch-file FILE]

Examples

  # Partially update a node using a strategic merge patch, specifying the patch as JSON
  kubectl patch node k8s-node-1 -p '{"spec":{"unschedulable":true}}'
  
  # Partially update a node using a strategic merge patch, specifying the patch as YAML
  kubectl patch node k8s-node-1 -p $'spec:\n unschedulable: true'
  
  # Partially update a node identified by the type and name specified in "node.json" using strategic merge patch
  kubectl patch -f node.json -p '{"spec":{"unschedulable":true}}'
  
  # Update a container's image; spec.containers[*].name is required because it's a merge key
  kubectl patch pod valid-pod -p '{"spec":{"containers":[{"name":"kubernetes-serve-hostname","image":"new image"}]}}'
  
  # Update a container's image using a JSON patch with positional arrays
  kubectl patch pod valid-pod --type='json' -p='[{"op": "replace", "path": "/spec/containers/0/image", "value":"new image"}]'
  
  # Update a deployment's replicas through the 'scale' subresource using a merge patch
  kubectl patch deployment nginx-deployment --subresource='scale' --type='merge' -p '{"spec":{"replicas":2}}'

Options

--allow-missing-template-keys     Default: true

If true, ignore any errors in templates when a field or map key is missing in the template. Only applies to golang and jsonpath output formats.

--dry-run string[="unchanged"]     Default: "none"

Must be "none", "server", or "client". If client strategy, only print the object that would be sent, without sending it. If server strategy, submit server-side request without persisting the resource.

--field-manager string     Default: "kubectl-patch"

Name of the manager used to track field ownership.

-f, --filename strings

Filename, directory, or URL to files identifying the resource to update

-h, --help

help for patch

-k, --kustomize string

Process the kustomization directory. This flag can't be used together with -f or -R.

--local

If true, patch will operate on the content of the file, not the server-side resource.

-o, --output string

Output format. One of: (json, yaml, name, go-template, go-template-file, template, templatefile, jsonpath, jsonpath-as-json, jsonpath-file).

-p, --patch string

The patch to be applied to the resource JSON file.

--patch-file string

A file containing a patch to be applied to the resource.

-R, --recursive

Process the directory used in -f, --filename recursively. Useful when you want to manage related manifests organized within the same directory.

--show-managed-fields

If true, keep the managedFields when printing objects in JSON or YAML format.

--subresource string

If specified, patch will operate on the subresource of the requested object. Must be one of [status scale]. This flag is beta and may change in the future.

--template string

Template string or path to template file to use when -o=go-template, -o=go-template-file. The template format is golang templates [http://golang.org/pkg/text/template/#pkg-overview].

--type string     Default: "strategic"

The type of patch being provided; one of [json merge strategic]

--as string

Username to impersonate for the operation. User could be a regular user or a service account in a namespace.

--as-group strings

Group to impersonate for the operation, this flag can be repeated to specify multiple groups.

--as-uid string

UID to impersonate for the operation.

--cache-dir string     Default: "$HOME/.kube/cache"

Default cache directory

--certificate-authority string

Path to a cert file for the certificate authority

--client-certificate string