Configuring a cgroup driver
This page explains how to configure the kubelet's cgroup driver to match the container runtime cgroup driver for kubeadm clusters.
Before you begin
You should be familiar with the Kubernetes container runtime requirements.
Configuring the container runtime cgroup driver
The Container runtimes page
explains that the
systemd driver is recommended for kubeadm based setups instead
of the kubelet's default
because kubeadm manages the kubelet as a
The page also provides details on how to set up a number of different container runtimes with the
systemd driver by default.
Configuring the kubelet cgroup driver
kubeadm allows you to pass a
KubeletConfiguration structure during
KubeletConfiguration can include the
cgroupDriver field which controls the cgroup
driver of the kubelet.
In v1.22 and later, if the user does not set the
cgroupDriver field under
kubeadm defaults it to
In Kubernetes v1.28, you can enable automatic detection of the cgroup driver as an alpha feature. See systemd cgroup driver for more details.
A minimal example of configuring the field explicitly:
# kubeadm-config.yaml kind: ClusterConfiguration apiVersion: kubeadm.k8s.io/v1beta3 kubernetesVersion: v1.21.0 --- kind: KubeletConfiguration apiVersion: kubelet.config.k8s.io/v1beta1 cgroupDriver: systemd
Such a configuration file can then be passed to the kubeadm command:
kubeadm init --config kubeadm-config.yaml
Kubeadm uses the same
KubeletConfiguration for all nodes in the cluster.
KubeletConfiguration is stored in a ConfigMap
object under the
Executing the sub commands
upgrade would result in kubeadm
KubeletConfiguration as a file under
and passing it to the local node kubelet.
cgroupfs and to prevent
kubeadm upgrade from modifying the
KubeletConfiguration cgroup driver on existing setups, you must be explicit
about its value. This applies to a case where you do not wish future versions
of kubeadm to apply the
systemd driver by default.
See the below section on "Modify the kubelet ConfigMap" for details on how to be explicit about the value.
If you wish to configure a container runtime to use the
you must refer to the documentation of the container runtime of your choice.
Migrating to the
To change the cgroup driver of an existing kubeadm cluster from
a similar procedure to a kubelet upgrade is required. This must include both
steps outlined below.
systemddriver. This requires executing only the first step below before joining the new nodes and ensuring the workloads can safely move to the new nodes before deleting the old nodes.
Modify the kubelet ConfigMap
kubectl edit cm kubelet-config -n kube-system.
Either modify the existing
cgroupDrivervalue or add a new field that looks like this:
This field must be present under the
kubelet:section of the ConfigMap.
Update the cgroup driver on all nodes
For each node in the cluster:
- Drain the node using
kubectl drain <node-name> --ignore-daemonsets
- Stop the kubelet using
systemctl stop kubelet
- Stop the container runtime
- Modify the container runtime cgroup driver to
- Start the container runtime
- Start the kubelet using
systemctl start kubelet
- Uncordon the node using
kubectl uncordon <node-name>
Execute these steps on nodes one at a time to ensure workloads have sufficient time to schedule on different nodes.
Once the process is complete ensure that all nodes and workloads are healthy.