Configure a kubelet image credential provider
Kubernetes v1.26 [stable]
Starting from Kubernetes v1.20, the kubelet can dynamically retrieve credentials for a container image registry using exec plugins. The kubelet and the exec plugin communicate through stdio (stdin, stdout, and stderr) using Kubernetes versioned APIs. These plugins allow the kubelet to request credentials for a container registry dynamically as opposed to storing static credentials on disk. For example, the plugin may talk to a local metadata server to retrieve short-lived credentials for an image that is being pulled by the kubelet.
You may be interested in using this capability if any of the below are true:
- API calls to a cloud provider service are required to retrieve authentication information for a registry.
- Credentials have short expiration times and requesting new credentials frequently is required.
- Storing registry credentials on disk or in imagePullSecrets is not acceptable.
This guide demonstrates how to configure the kubelet's image credential provider plugin mechanism.
Before you begin
- You need a Kubernetes cluster with nodes that support kubelet credential provider plugins. This support is available in Kubernetes 1.27; Kubernetes v1.24 and v1.25 included this as a beta feature, enabled by default.
- A working implementation of a credential provider exec plugin. You can build your own plugin or use one provided by cloud providers.
Installing Plugins on Nodes
A credential provider plugin is an executable binary that will be run by the kubelet. Ensure that the plugin binary exists on every node in your cluster and stored in a known directory. The directory will be required later when configuring kubelet flags.
Configuring the Kubelet
In order to use this feature, the kubelet expects two flags to be set:
--image-credential-provider-config- the path to the credential provider plugin config file.
--image-credential-provider-bin-dir- the path to the directory where credential provider plugin binaries are located.
Configure a kubelet credential provider
The configuration file passed into
--image-credential-provider-config is read by the kubelet to determine which exec plugins
should be invoked for which container images. Here's an example configuration file you may end up using if you are using the
apiVersion: kubelet.config.k8s.io/v1 kind: CredentialProviderConfig # providers is a list of credential provider helper plugins that will be enabled by the kubelet. # Multiple providers may match against a single image, in which case credentials # from all providers will be returned to the kubelet. If multiple providers are called # for a single image, the results are combined. If providers return overlapping # auth keys, the value from the provider earlier in this list is used. providers: # name is the required name of the credential provider. It must match the name of the # provider executable as seen by the kubelet. The executable must be in the kubelet's # bin directory (set by the --image-credential-provider-bin-dir flag). - name: ecr-credential-provider # matchImages is a required list of strings used to match against images in order to # determine if this provider should be invoked. If one of the strings matches the # requested image from the kubelet, the plugin will be invoked and given a chance # to provide credentials. Images are expected to contain the registry domain # and URL path. # # Each entry in matchImages is a pattern which can optionally contain a port and a path. # Globs can be used in the domain, but not in the port or the path. Globs are supported # as subdomains like '*.k8s.io' or 'k8s.*.io', and top-level-domains such as 'k8s.*'. # Matching partial subdomains like 'app*.k8s.io' is also supported. Each glob can only match # a single subdomain segment, so `*.io` does **not** match `*.k8s.io`. # # A match exists between an image and a matchImage when all of the below are true: # - Both contain the same number of domain parts and each part matches. # - The URL path of an matchImages must be a prefix of the target image URL path. # - If the matchImages contains a port, then the port must match in the image as well. # # Example values of matchImages: # - 123456789.dkr.ecr.us-east-1.amazonaws.com # - *.azurecr.io # - gcr.io # - *.*.registry.io # - registry.io:8080/path matchImages: - "*.dkr.ecr.*.amazonaws.com" - "*.dkr.ecr.*.amazonaws.com.cn" - "*.dkr.ecr-fips.*.amazonaws.com" - "*.dkr.ecr.us-iso-east-1.c2s.ic.gov" - "*.dkr.ecr.us-isob-east-1.sc2s.sgov.gov" # defaultCacheDuration is the default duration the plugin will cache credentials in-memory # if a cache duration is not provided in the plugin response. This field is required. defaultCacheDuration: "12h" # Required input version of the exec CredentialProviderRequest. The returned CredentialProviderResponse # MUST use the same encoding version as the input. Current supported values are: # - credentialprovider.kubelet.k8s.io/v1 apiVersion: credentialprovider.kubelet.k8s.io/v1 # Arguments to pass to the command when executing it. # +optional # args: # - --example-argument # Env defines additional environment variables to expose to the process. These # are unioned with the host's environment, as well as variables client-go uses # to pass argument to the plugin. # +optional env: - name: AWS_PROFILE value: example_profile
providers field is a list of enabled plugins used by the kubelet. Each entry has a few required fields:
name: the name of the plugin which MUST match the name of the executable binary that exists in the directory passed into
matchImages: a list of strings used to match against images in order to determine if this provider should be invoked. More on this below.
defaultCacheDuration: the default duration the kubelet will cache credentials in-memory if a cache duration was not specified by the plugin.
apiVersion: the API version that the kubelet and the exec plugin will use when communicating.
Each credential provider can also be given optional args and environment variables as well. Consult the plugin implementors to determine what set of arguments and environment variables are required for a given plugin.
Configure image matching
matchImages field for each credential provider is used by the kubelet to determine whether a plugin should be invoked
for a given image that a Pod is using. Each entry in
matchImages is an image pattern which can optionally contain a port and a path.
Globs can be used in the domain, but not in the port or the path. Globs are supported as subdomains like
and top-level domains such as
k8s.*. Matching partial subdomains like
app*.k8s.io is also supported. Each glob can only match
a single subdomain segment, so
*.io does NOT match
A match exists between an image name and a
matchImage entry when all of the below are true:
- Both contain the same number of domain parts and each part matches.
- The URL path of match image must be a prefix of the target image URL path.
- If the matchImages contains a port, then the port must match in the image as well.
Some example values of
matchImages patterns are:
- Read the details about
CredentialProviderConfigin the kubelet configuration API (v1) reference.
- Read the kubelet credential provider API reference (v1).