Hello Minikube

This tutorial shows you how to run a sample app on Kubernetes using minikube and Katacoda. Katacoda provides a free, in-browser Kubernetes environment.

Note: You can also follow this tutorial if you've installed minikube locally. See minikube start for installation instructions.

Objectives

  • Deploy a sample application to minikube.
  • Run the app.
  • View application logs.

Before you begin

This tutorial provides a container image that uses NGINX to echo back all the requests.

Create a minikube cluster

  1. Click Launch Terminal

Note: If you installed minikube locally, run minikube start.
  1. Open the Kubernetes dashboard in a browser:

    minikube dashboard
    
  2. Katacoda environment only: At the top of the terminal pane, click the plus sign, and then click Select port to view on Host 1.

  3. Katacoda environment only: Type 30000, and then click Display Port.

Create a Deployment

A Kubernetes Pod is a group of one or more Containers, tied together for the purposes of administration and networking. The Pod in this tutorial has only one Container. A Kubernetes Deployment checks on the health of your Pod and restarts the Pod's Container if it terminates. Deployments are the recommended way to manage the creation and scaling of Pods.

  1. Use the kubectl create command to create a Deployment that manages a Pod. The Pod runs a Container based on the provided Docker image.

    kubectl create deployment hello-node --image=k8s.gcr.io/echoserver:1.4
    
  2. View the Deployment:

    kubectl get deployments
    

    The output is similar to:

    NAME         READY   UP-TO-DATE   AVAILABLE   AGE
    hello-node   1/1     1            1           1m
    
  3. View the Pod:

    kubectl get pods
    

    The output is similar to:

    NAME                          READY     STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
    hello-node-5f76cf6ccf-br9b5   1/1       Running   0          1m
    
  4. View cluster events:

    kubectl get events
    
  5. View the kubectl configuration:

    kubectl config view
    
Note: For more information about kubectl commands, see the kubectl overview.

Create a Service

By default, the Pod is only accessible by its internal IP address within the Kubernetes cluster. To make the hello-node Container accessible from outside the Kubernetes virtual network, you have to expose the Pod as a Kubernetes Service.

  1. Expose the Pod to the public internet using the kubectl expose command:

    kubectl expose deployment hello-node --type=LoadBalancer --port=8080
    

    The --type=LoadBalancer flag indicates that you want to expose your Service outside of the cluster.

    The application code inside the image k8s.gcr.io/echoserver only listens on TCP port 8080. If you used kubectl expose to expose a different port, clients could not connect to that other port.

  2. View the Service you just created:

    kubectl get services
    

    The output is similar to:

    NAME         TYPE           CLUSTER-IP      EXTERNAL-IP   PORT(S)          AGE
    hello-node   LoadBalancer   10.108.144.78   <pending>     8080:30369/TCP   21s
    kubernetes   ClusterIP      10.96.0.1       <none>        443/TCP          23m
    

    On cloud providers that support load balancers, an external IP address would be provisioned to access the Service. On minikube, the LoadBalancer type makes the Service accessible through the minikube service command.

  3. Run the following command:

    minikube service hello-node
    
  4. Katacoda environment only: Click the plus sign, and then click Select port to view on Host 1.

  5. Katacoda environment only: Note the 5 digit port number displayed opposite to 8080 in services output. This port number is randomly generated and it can be different for you. Type your number in the port number text box, then click Display Port. Using the example from earlier, you would type 30369.

    This opens up a browser window that serves your app and shows the app's response.

Enable addons

The minikube tool includes a set of built-in addons that can be enabled, disabled and opened in the local Kubernetes environment.

  1. List the currently supported addons:

    minikube addons list
    

    The output is similar to:

    addon-manager: enabled
    dashboard: enabled
    default-storageclass: enabled
    efk: disabled
    freshpod: disabled
    gvisor: disabled
    helm-tiller: disabled
    ingress: disabled
    ingress-dns: disabled
    logviewer: disabled
    metrics-server: disabled
    nvidia-driver-installer: disabled
    nvidia-gpu-device-plugin: disabled
    registry: disabled
    registry-creds: disabled
    storage-provisioner: enabled
    storage-provisioner-gluster: disabled
    
  2. Enable an addon, for example, metrics-server:

    minikube addons enable metrics-server
    

    The output is similar to:

    metrics-server was successfully enabled
    
  3. View the Pod and Service you just created:

    kubectl get pod,svc -n kube-system
    

    The output is similar to:

    NAME                                        READY     STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
    pod/coredns-5644d7b6d9-mh9ll                1/1       Running   0          34m
    pod/coredns-5644d7b6d9-pqd2t                1/1       Running   0          34m
    pod/metrics-server-67fb648c5                1/1       Running   0          26s
    pod/etcd-minikube                           1/1       Running   0          34m
    pod/influxdb-grafana-b29w8                  2/2       Running   0          26s
    pod/kube-addon-manager-minikube             1/1       Running   0          34m
    pod/kube-apiserver-minikube                 1/1       Running   0          34m
    pod/kube-controller-manager-minikube        1/1       Running   0          34m
    pod/kube-proxy-rnlps                        1/1       Running   0          34m
    pod/kube-scheduler-minikube                 1/1       Running   0          34m
    pod/storage-provisioner                     1/1       Running   0          34m
    
    NAME                           TYPE        CLUSTER-IP      EXTERNAL-IP   PORT(S)             AGE
    service/metrics-server         ClusterIP   10.96.241.45    <none>        80/TCP              26s
    service/kube-dns               ClusterIP   10.96.0.10      <none>        53/UDP,53/TCP       34m
    service/monitoring-grafana     NodePort    10.99.24.54     <none>        80:30002/TCP        26s
    service/monitoring-influxdb    ClusterIP   10.111.169.94   <none>        8083/TCP,8086/TCP   26s
    
  4. Disable metrics-server:

    minikube addons disable metrics-server
    

    The output is similar to:

    metrics-server was successfully disabled
    

Clean up

Now you can clean up the resources you created in your cluster:

kubectl delete service hello-node
kubectl delete deployment hello-node

Optionally, stop the Minikube virtual machine (VM):

minikube stop

Optionally, delete the Minikube VM:

minikube delete

What's next

Last modified October 22, 2020 at 3:27 PM PST: Fix links in tutorials section (774594bf1)