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EJS

EJS

Embedded JavaScript templates

Build Status Developing Dependencies

Installation

$ npm install ejs

Features

Example

<% if (user) { %>
  <h2><%= user.name %></h2>
<% } %>

Try EJS online at: https://ionicabizau.github.io/ejs-playground/.

Usage

var template = ejs.compile(str, options);
template(data);
// => Rendered HTML string

ejs.render(str, data, options);
// => Rendered HTML string

ejs.renderFile(filename, data, options, function(err, str){
    // str => Rendered HTML string
});

It is also possible to use ejs.render(dataAndOptions); where you pass everything in a single object. In that case, you’ll end up with local variables for all the passed options. However, be aware that your code could break if we add an option with the same name as one of your data object’s properties. Therefore, we do not recommend using this shortcut.

Options

This project uses JSDoc. For the full public API documentation, clone the repository and run npm run doc. This will run JSDoc with the proper options and output the documentation to out/. If you want the both the public & private API docs, run npm run devdoc instead.

Tags

For the full syntax documentation, please see docs/syntax.md.

Includes

Includes either have to be an absolute path, or, if not, are assumed as relative to the template with the include call. For example if you are including ./views/user/show.ejs from ./views/users.ejs you would use <%- include('user/show') %>.

You must specify the filename option for the template with the include call unless you are using renderFile().

You’ll likely want to use the raw output tag (<%-) with your include to avoid double-escaping the HTML output.

<ul>
  <% users.forEach(function(user){ %>
    <%- include('user/show', {user: user}) %>
  <% }); %>
</ul>

Includes are inserted at runtime, so you can use variables for the path in the include call (for example <%- include(somePath) %>). Variables in your top-level data object are available to all your includes, but local variables need to be passed down.

NOTE: Include preprocessor directives (<% include user/show %>) are still supported.

Custom delimiters

Custom delimiters can be applied on a per-template basis, or globally:

var ejs = require('ejs'),
    users = ['geddy', 'neil', 'alex'];

// Just one template
ejs.render('<?= users.join(" | "); ?>', {users: users}, {delimiter: '?'});
// => 'geddy | neil | alex'

// Or globally
ejs.delimiter = '$';
ejs.render('<$= users.join(" | "); $>', {users: users});
// => 'geddy | neil | alex'

Caching

EJS ships with a basic in-process cache for caching the intermediate JavaScript functions used to render templates. It’s easy to plug in LRU caching using Node’s lru-cache library:

var ejs = require('ejs')
  , LRU = require('lru-cache');
ejs.cache = LRU(100); // LRU cache with 100-item limit

If you want to clear the EJS cache, call ejs.clearCache. If you’re using the LRU cache and need a different limit, simple reset ejs.cache to a new instance of the LRU.

Custom FileLoader

The default file loader is fs.readFileSync, if you want to customize it, you can set ejs.fileLoader.

var ejs = require('ejs');
var myFileLoad = function (filePath) {
  return 'myFileLoad: ' + fs.readFileSync(filePath);
};

ejs.fileLoader = myFileLoad;

With this feature, you can preprocess the template before reading it.

Layouts

EJS does not specifically support blocks, but layouts can be implemented by including headers and footers, like so:

<%- include('header') -%>
<h1>
  Title
</h1>
<p>
  My page
</p>
<%- include('footer') -%>

Client-side support

Go to the Latest Release, download ./ejs.js or ./ejs.min.js. Alternately, you can compile it yourself by cloning the repository and running jake build (or $(npm bin)/jake build if jake is not installed globally).

Include one of these files on your page, and ejs should be available globally.

Example

<div id="output"></div>
<script src="ejs.min.js"></script>
<script>
  var people = ['geddy', 'neil', 'alex'],
      html = ejs.render('<%= people.join(", "); %>', {people: people});
  // With jQuery:
  $('#output').html(html);
  // Vanilla JS:
  document.getElementById('output').innerHTML = html;
</script>

Caveats

Most of EJS will work as expected; however, there are a few things to note:

  1. Obviously, since you do not have access to the filesystem, ejs.renderFile() won’t work.
  2. For the same reason, includes do not work unless you use an IncludeCallback. Here is an example: ```javascript var str = “Hello <%= include(‘file’, {person: ‘John’}); %>”, fn = ejs.compile(str, {client: true});

fn(data, null, function(path, d){ // IncludeCallback // path -> ‘file’ // d -> {person: ‘John’} // Put your code here // Return the contents of file as a string }); // returns rendered string ```

There are a number of implementations of EJS:

License

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0)


EJS Embedded JavaScript templates copyright 2112 mde@fleegix.org.

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